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(SP-3003: dp. 7.8;1. 36'; b. 7'9"; dr. 2'6"; s. 10 k.)
The fifth Resolute, a motorboat built as a private boat during 1913 at the yard of Robert Jacob, City Island, N.Y., was acquired in 1918 for the U.S. Navy from her owner, George A. Cormack of New York. Resolute seryed her entire career as a tender carried on board the transport Mount T7ernon (SP1466, q.v.). Her ultimate disposition is unknown.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
The Bay of Pigs Invasion in April 1961 was a failed attack launched by the CIA during the Kennedy administration to push Cuban leader Fidel Castro (1926-2016) from power. On January 1, 1959, a young Cuban nationalist named Fidel Castro drove his guerilla army into Havana and overthrew General Fulgencio Batista (1901-1973), the nation’s American-backed president. For the next two years, officials at the U.S. State Department and the CIA attempted to remove Castro. Finally, on April 17, 1961, the CIA launched what its leaders believed would be the definitive strike: a full-scale invasion of Cuba by 1,400 American-trained Cubans who had fled their homes when Castro took over. However, the invasion did not go well: The invaders were badly outnumbered by Castro’s troops, and they surrendered after less than 24 hours of fighting.
High Arctic Relocation: When The Canadian Govt Forcibly Relocated Inuit to Claim Sovereignty in The High Arctic
In the summer of 1953, the Canadian government uprooted seven Inuit families from their homes in Northern Quebec, and dropped them high in the arctic, some 2,000 km away, with the promise of better living and hunting opportunities, and with the assurance that if things didn’t work out, they could return home after two years. But promises were broken. For decades, the relocated Inuit families suffered immense hardship, fighting extreme cold, hunger and sickness, yet unable to escape because they were so far away.
The Canadian government claimed that the relocation was a humanitarian gesture to assist the starving indigenous people and help them continue a subsistence lifestyle. In reality, it was an attempt by the government to assert sovereignty in the High Arctic during the Cold War.
A family from Pond Inlet on board the C.D. HOWE at Grise Fiord. Photo: Health Canada/Library and Archives Canada
The families chosen for the relocation were those receiving welfare support from the government. The actual method of recruitment is disputed, but the government asserts that the families had agreed to participate in the program voluntarily to reduce areas of perceived overpopulation and poor hunting, to reduce their dependency on welfare, and to resume a subsistence lifestyle. The Inuit, on the other hand, maintain that the relocation was forced and their life in Inukjuak in Nunavik was more than satisfactory. Inukjuak was a significant regional center at the time with a population of about 500. There was a police post, a weather and radio station, a harbor, a general store, a school, a nursing station, and church missions. It was also a traditional Inuit hunting and fishing area.
A total of ten families were relocated—seven from Inukjuak and three from the community of Pond Inlet in Baffin Island, situated further north. The purpose of the Pond Inlet families was to teach the Inukjuak Inuit skills for survival in the High Arctic. The families were split into two groups destined for two different settlements, but this fact was kept secret from the families until they had boarded the ship. Four Inukjuak families and two Pond Inlet families, totaling 32 people, went to Craig Harbour on Ellesmere Island. They later migrated to Grise Fiord about 35 miles west. Three Inukjuak families and one Pond Inlet family, totaling 22 people, were moved to Resolute Bay on Cornwallis Island, a small outpost with a weather station and an airstrip. In 1955, the relocatees were joined by a further six families, four from Inukjuak and two from Pond Inlet. One Inukjuak family went to Craig Harbour, while the rest went to Resolute Bay.
When the families arrived on Craig Harbour, they struggled to survive in a completely new environment. The land was barren with no buildings and very little familiar wildlife. They had to endure months of total darkness during winter, and twenty-four hours of daylight during summer, a condition they were unaccustomed to.
“My parents, I know, felt trapped for many years," recalls Larry Audlaluk, who was two years old when he and his family was deposited in the remote island.
“It was awful for them. They had to learn to get ready for the dark season and they had to learn to get ready for very short warm sunny days, with very few vegetation in the land,” says Audlaluk.
In northern Quebec, Audlaluk's family ate cloudberries, Canada geese and Eider ducks. None of these were available on Ellesmere Island.
“My family, the older generation, were used to having lots of different kinds of birds and then shore creatures like clams and oysters,” says Audlaluk. “There were none here.”
Larry Audlaluk, age 7 or 8, at his new home on Lindstrom Peninsula on Ellesmere Island. Photo: Larry Audlaluk
The relocation had such a profound psychological impact on Audlaluk’s father, a once outgoing man, that he became quiet and withdrawn and began to have fainting spells. He died ten months later.
Eventually, the Inuit discovered the local beluga whale migration routes and were able to survive by hunting and eating whale meat.
It wasn’t until the 1970s and 1980s, that those displaced got the chance to return to their ancestral home, often at their own expense. The descendants initiated a claim against the Canadian Government seeking $10 million in compensation. With mounting public pressure the government agreed to assist the Inuit to return to the south, and also put $10 million in a trust fund for relocated individuals and their families. Initially, the government refused to apologize, but in 2010, after more than fifty years, John Duncan, the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, offered a formal apology on behalf of the government, stating:
The Government of Canada deeply regrets the mistakes and broken promises of this dark chapter of our history and apologizes for the High Arctic relocation having taken place. We would like to pay tribute to the relocatees for their perseverance and courage. Despite the suffering and hardship, the relocatees and their descendants were successful in building vibrant communities in Grise Fiord and Resolute Bay. The Government of Canada recognizes that these communities have contributed to a strong Canadian presence in the High Arctic.
The relocation of Inuit families to the High Arctic is a tragic chapter in Canada's history that we should not forget, but that we must acknowledge, learn from and teach our children. Acknowledging our shared history allows us to move forward in partnership and in a spirit of reconciliation.
Inuit houses in Resolute Bay, as they existed in 1956. Photo: Gar Lunney/National Film Board of Canada
In 2010, local artists Looty Pijamini from Grise Fiord, and Simeonie Amagoalik from Resolute Bay were commissioned by Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated to build a monument to commemorate the Inuit who sacrificed so much as a result of the Government relocation of 1953 and 1955. Pijamini's monument, located in Grise Fiord, depicts a woman with a young boy and a husky, with the woman sombrely looking out towards Resolute Bay. Amagoalik's monument, located in Resolute, depicts a lone man looking towards Grise Fiord. This was meant to show separated families, and depicting them longing to see each other again.
Looty Pijamini’s monument to the first Inuit settlers in Grise Fiord. Photo: Timkal/Wikimedia Commons
# Jane Sponagle, 'We called it 'Prison Island': Inuk man remembers forced relocation to Grise Fiord, CBC
# Dussault, René Erasmus, George (1994). The High Arctic Relocation: A Report on the 1953 Relocation,
# Apology for the Inuit High Arctic relocation, Govt of Canada
Resolute V SP-3003 - History
History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications
from the first submarine cable of 1850 to the worldwide fiber optic network
Tyco (now SubCom) Cable Ships
by Bill Glover
TYCO (now SUBCOM) CABLE SHIPS
Tyco placed orders for four new cable ships to be delivered in 2001 and 2002 with an option for a further two for delivery in 2003.
All were built to the same specifications by Keppel Hitachi Zosen, Singapore .
Length 139.1 m Breadth 21.0 m Depth 7.8 m Gross tonnage 12184.
Duties cable laying, cable capacity 5000 tons. The six ships are known as &lsquoReliance Class&rdquo vessels [PDF download] .
Tyco Reliance built 2001, now CS Reliance
Tyco Responder built 2001, now CS Responder
Tyco Resolute built 2002, now CS Resolute
Tyco Dependable built 2002, now CS Dependable
Tyco Decisive built 2003, now CS Decisive
Tyco Durable built 2003 , now CS Durable
The company also operates CS Global Sentinel and BC Teneo.
CS Tyco Reliance at the Global Marine Systems Depot,
Portland Harbour, Dorset, England
© Bill Glover, UK 2003
Following a re-organization in 2007, Tyco International split into two new companies one of these was Tyco Electronics, which included the cable division. In 2011 the new company was renamed TE Connectivity of which TE Subsea Communications was a division. Consequently, &ldquoTyco&rdquo was dropped from the ship names. The company subsequently became TE SubCom, and is now SubCom.
In 2015 CS Resolute laid a new Atlantic cable for Hibernia Networks, Hibernia Express, and in October 2017 the company completed the Marea cable from the USA to Spain.
Last revised: 11 January, 2020
Search all pages on the Atlantic Cable site:
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The Atlantic Cable website is non-commercial, and its mission is to make available on line as much information as possible.
You can help - if you have cable material, old or new, please contact me. Cable samples, instruments, documents, brochures, souvenir books, photographs, family stories, all are valuable to researchers and historians.
If you have any cable-related items that you could photograph, copy, scan, loan, or sell, please email me: [email protected]
Naval Patrol Boat Takes on Cruise Ship. Loses Real Bad.
Turns out you shouldn't ram a cruise ship built to withstand sea ice.
- A Venezuelan patrol boat was sent to intercept the cruise shipResolute, firing warning shots and ramming it several times.
- The cruise ship, built to operate in iceberg-infested waters, suffered only minor damage and sailed to safety while the Venezuelan cruiser sank itself.
- No one was reported injured in the scrape.
The Venezuelan Navy offshore patrol vessel Naiguata, sent to intercept a lowly cruise ship, accidentally owned itself on Monday. After ramming the cruise ship RCGS Resolute's steel-reinforced hull, the patrol boat sank. (The good news: There were no injuries.)
The Resolute suffered only minor damage because it was reinforced to withstand iceberg-infested waters.
According to Maritime Executive, the incident took place 13 nautical miles off the coast of Isla de Tortuga, an uninhabited Venezuelan island. The Naiguata ordered the Resolute to follow it to Venezuela and port, on the pretext of &ldquoviolation of Venezuelan territorial waters.&rdquo
While the cruise ship crew was consulting with the home office, the navy vessel fired several warning shots and began ramming the cruise ship.
What the crew of the Naiguata apparently did not realize was that the Resolute&rsquos hull is stronger than average because of its iceberg-resistant hull. The ship&rsquos website describes the hull as having &ldquohigh density steel plating&rdquo to allow it to sail in &ldquoice laden large waters.&rdquo
The Naiguata ended up sinking. According to Columbia Cruise Services, Resolute stayed in the vicinity until the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre (MRCC) Curaçao, the authority responsible for local incidents at sea, told it to continue on its voyage. Resolute also claims that offers to lend aid to the stricken ship were &ldquoleft unanswered.&rdquo
The Venezuelan military disputed that, stating &ldquothe action of the ship Resolute is considered cowardly and criminal, since it did not attend to the rescue of the crew, in breach of the international regulations that regulate the rescue of life at sea.&rdquo
A statement attributed to Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro alleged that the cruise ship was actually to blame in an "act of aggression and piracy."
After being released by the MRCC, the Resolute sailed on to safety, docking at the island of Curaçao.
The website FleetMon has a photo of damage to the Resolute&rsquos hull, which appears minor, as well as a file photo of the Naiguata. The Resolute, built in 1993, is 400 feet long and 59 feet wide. It displaces 8,378 tons and normally carries up to 146 passengers.
Spain's Navantia shipyards built the Naiguata in 2009 as a coastal patrol ship. The Naiguata was 259 feet long, had a top speed of 22 knots, and displaced 1,453 tons. This ship was also armed with a 76-millimeter Oto-Melara rapid fire deck gun, a 35-millimeter Oerlikon Millennium close-in weapon system, and two .50-caliber machine guns. As a surface ship, Naiguata typically embarks with a crew of 34.
It&rsquos not clear what happened here, but one thing is clear: Venezuela&rsquos story doesn&rsquot add up. For one, Resolute was 13 nautical miles off the coast of Isla de Tortuga, and territorial waters extend up to 12 miles.
Plus, an unarmed cruise ship that takes no aggressive action can't be an aggressor and commit &ldquopiracy&rdquo against an armed navy patrol boat. Finally, the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre is a non-partisan agency that would have records of it giving Resolute permission to leave the scene.
Her prayers were answered when she was able to refinance her mortgage, and Teresa, resolute , had the saint inked on her neck.
I am resolute that we’re going to make progress, so if there are more things we can do to hasten that, we certainly will look at those.
Tonight, he left much of that baggage behind, giving a masterful performance that was strong, resolute and even hopeful.
At our core, charitable organizations are powered by the fires of idealism and a resolute belief in humanity’s kinder attributes.
Her pallid young face, brow sweating with fear and pain, yet resolute and stiff with sorrow, makes you want to cry.
At the same time, the administration has been keen to show itself as tough, practical and resolute .
As she prepares to do her mandatory army service next year she is resolute about what Israel should do.
The stress was taking a visible toll, but she remained resolute at her core.
To show we will be resolute in bringing people who harm Americans to justice, and standing steadfast during these protests.
But, instead of following up their victory, the half- resolute rioters camped near Guadalupe for the night.
A resolute push for quite a short period now might reconstruct the entire basis of our collective human life.
They walked silently down the lane together, Gilbert sullen and mortified, Dorothy pitying but resolute .
Leo II, pope, died an able and resolute pontiff established the kiss of peace at the mass, and the use of holy water.
Lady Kirton's last words halted, for his look startled even her in its resolute sternness.
Cruise ship sunk Venezuelan Navy ship after being fired at and rammed. Don’t mess with RESOLUTE.
Apr 2 UPDATE: Cruise ship with 35 maintenance crew on board (no passangers) was positioned outside Venezuelan territorial waters, when she was approached by NAIGUATA and ordered to sail to Puerto Moreno on Isla De Margarita. Warning shots were fired, Master of RESOLUTE (RESOLUTE indeed!) refused to obey and maintained her course. From RESOLUTE owner statement:
… the navy vessel approached the starboard side at speed with an angle of 135° and purposely collided with the RCGS RESOLUTE. The navy vessel continued to ram the starboard bow in an apparent attempt to turn the ship’s head towards Venezuelan territorial waters. While the RCGS RESOLUTE sustained minor damages, not affecting vessel’s seaworthiness, it occurs that the navy vessel suffered severe damages while making contact with the ice-strengthened bulbous bow of the ice-class expedition cruise vessel RCGS RESOLUTE and started to take water…
NAIGUATA sank, but RESOLUTE, as it came out, didn’t flee, she “…remained for over one hour in vicinity of the scene and reached out to MRCC Curacao, and sailed away only after receiving the order to resume passage full ahead by the MRCC and that further assistance is not required”.
So, there’s nothing much else left to talk about, except to laugh and to applaud RESOLUTE Master. Not many – if any – similar cases in naval history, when defenceless passenger ship sunk Navy battleship, and went away with it.
Apr 1 UPDATE: I’ve been correct in my assumption, that the decision to flee was justified, or so it seems, judging from updates published by local sources. According to Curacao media and their information, ANBV NAIGUATA did attempt to seize cruise ship and take her to Margarita Island, east of Tortuga, under a dubious pretext of “violation of Venezuela territorial waters”. Ships navigating in these waters enjoy the right of free passage, so it looks like an attempt to hijack cruise ship. That explains this strange leg in ship’s track and unexplainable Tortuga approach.
Venezuela Navy Patrol Ship ANBV NAIGUATA (GCG-23) sank after collision with cruise ship RCGS RESOLUTE early in the morning Mar 30 northwest of La Tortuga island, Venezuela, Caribbean. Patrol ship was patrolling whatever she was patrolling, cruise ship was on Buenos Aires – Willemstad Curacao run, berthing there same day. According to Venezuelan Military command, RCGS RESOLUTE “in a cowardly and criminal manner fled collision site and didn’t try to rescue the crew of sinking ship”. All 44 crew of ANBV NAIGUATA were rescued, details unknown.
It is not known if there were passengers on board of cruise ship. Here’s the problem – Master of cruise ship could be so scared of possible Venezuela respond to collision, that he decided to flee. However cowardly or criminal his actions may look, he has his point, being afraid of Venezuela, inevitable arrest of the ship and following repercussions. Much more so if the ship had tourists on board. Venezuela is notorious for seizing absolutely innocent merchant ships and crews, and treating them like criminals. What should Venezuela do in this case, is anyone guess, but fair and impartial investigation seems highly unlikely outcome. One more issue – cruise ship was steaming towards port of destination, no dire straits or restricted fairways, and how did Navy ship manage to be hit by passenger ship, is anyone’s guess, too. It tells a lot about Venezuela Navy seamanship.
All in all, this story may be considered as a story with happy end. Nobody died, cruise ship with dozens of crew and probably, passengers, avoided very unpleasant arrest with unpredictable results, the only loss being Navy ship. No big deal, I’d say. One Navy ship more or one less, who cares? Master will be punished if found guilty, in Curacao or anywhere else, but one thing is for sure as of now – he already saved people he was responsible for, from a very bad possible outcome, be the ship seized by Venezuela.
Venezuela Navy Patrol Ship ANBV NAIGUATA (GCG-23), callsign YWKR, displacement 1453, length 80 meters, built 2009 Spain, commissioned 2011, armament artillery, electronic warfare equipment, helicopter, complement 34.
Resolve to Define Resolute
Resolute comes from the same Latin verb as resolved, and the two words are often synonyms. So how did it get this meaning from the Latin? Essentially, when you resolve a question or problem, you come to a conclusion, and once you've reached a conclusion you can proceed to act. So in your New Year's resolutions, you resolve—or make up your mind—to do something. Unfortunately, New Year's resolutions aren't a good illustration of the meaning of resolute, since only about one in ten actually seems to succeed.
Searching for SP's last ceremonial steam locomotive
Post by NP317 » Thu Mar 25, 2021 10:33 am
OK Southern Pacific RR fans. Related to Grant Carson's Ten Wheeler build,
I hope someone here can help me identify a specific Southern Pacific steam locomotive I encountered in -I think- the late 1950s.
When the S.P. RR ended steam locomotive operations, they ran a special Last Steam Locomotive tour throughout the San Francisco Bay Area, and maybe beyond. They steamed a passenger train down the now-gone branch line from Palo Alto, through Los Altos, to San Jose. I was about 8 years old watching this locomotive stop at Loyola Corners (I lived several block from this RR stop), and was terrified by it! And it seemed to be a rather dressed-up smaller locomotive, like Ten Wheeler. Fancy for the occasion.
It left a huge impression on me and may be the reason my first Live Steamer build was a Ten Wheeler!
I've been searching to identify this locomotive, without success. Yet. Does anyone have information on this?
I won't be surprised to learn that Grant Carson has this info!
Re: Searching for SP's last ceremonial steam locomotive
Post by Pat Fahey » Thu Mar 25, 2021 11:45 am
Re: Searching for SP's last ceremonial steam locomotive
Post by NP317 » Thu Mar 25, 2021 5:29 pm
Thank you for that information. I'll research SP # 4430. Being a 4400 series locomotive, it is not the loco in question that I saw as a kid in 1958.
I just did some research in my copy of "Southern Pacific's Golden Empire 1954 - 1958."
This book is filled with color photos taken by John Hungerford and Harold F. Stewart.
John Hungerford is my wife's great uncle, and I was given portions of his railroad materials. That's another story.
Anyway, on pages 168-169 are photos of SP T-1 4-6-0 No. 2248, restored to a colorful finish and used for a 1958 Farewell to Steam tour
though parts of California. More research to do now. It looks like my faded memories.
Re: Searching for SP's last ceremonial steam locomotive
Post by gcarsen » Thu Mar 25, 2021 6:11 pm
Re: Searching for SP's last ceremonial steam locomotive
Post by NP317 » Fri Mar 26, 2021 12:17 am
For Grant Carson:
The T-1 locomotive No. 2248 I was wondering about was indeed one of the final two fire service locomotives that survived into the 1950s.
No. 2252 ended up on display near the Roseville, CA, yards. I cannot find additional information on No. 2248.
She was probably scrapped. Anyone know for sure?
Also of parallel interest is that my uncle John Ward was the last boiler maker for the SP at Roseville!
In the 1960s he told me that his last job there was to re-brick the boiler firebox of one of SP's big oil-fired wrecking cranes! He said they would fire up re-bricked boilers to "season the new bricks" by throwing in handfuls of rock salt, which would melt over the bricks to protect them from erosion! I've never heard of that before or again. True? I don't know.
Small world, and interesting stuff.
The story of The Fortune Society begins with a play. In 1966, Fortune founder David Rothenberg read the script for Fortune and Men’s Eyes by playwright John Herbert. Deeply moved by the author’s depiction of his own traumatic prison experience, David endeavored to take the play Off-Broadway, where it premiered the following year. After each show, the cast held a talkback session to engage the audience in the real-world issues reflected on stage. David realized, however, that one play wouldn’t be enough to remedy just how little the public knew about the criminal justice system. There had to be a platform for people who had experienced incarceration firsthand. There had to be a movement, with the voices and perspectives of these individuals at the center. Thus, in 1967, The Fortune Society was born.
David, along with individuals impacted by the criminal justice system, soon began giving talks around the country regarding lived experiences with incarceration. Through educating others, they also advocated for the basic human rights of people impacted by the justice system. The group’s breakthrough moment came when they landed an interview on the David Susskind Show in 1968. After the episode aired, David’s Broadway office received over 200 pleas by individuals with justice involvement seeking help. Fortune’s visibility had grown overnight.
Spurred by this newfound exposure, Fortune quickly expanded its reach beyond public education. Within a few years, the organization began providing direct-services for people with justice involvement, while continuing its advocacy work through the publication of The Fortune News, a monthly newsletter containing articles written primarily by authors with justice histories. The Fortune News became so popular among New York’s incarcerated community that prisons tried banning it. They failed, however: A groundbreaking verdict, Fortune v. McGuinness, ruled that prisons could not deny reading literature to individuals who were incarcerated. To this day, The Fortune News continues to be a valuable resource for individuals with justice involvement and continues to circulate through prisons around the country.
In 1971, the Attica Prison uprising, and the state-led massacre that followed awakened the public and led to an influx of interest in Fortune. During the uprising, David was among 30 observers summoned by the protestors with justice involvement at Attica to help facilitate their negotiations with the State of New York. Though the state was ultimately resolute in using lethal force, David returned home from the tragedy to dozens of newly invigorated volunteers—with more individuals joining. The tragedy at Attica, which resulted in the bloodiest prison massacre in U.S history, sparked a movement that Fortune was primed to play a key part in.
As the criminal justice reform movement gained visibility, the number of people affected by the system substantially increased. In the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, punitive drug laws swelled the United States’ prison population to a staggering two million individuals, making demand for Fortune’s services higher than ever. Responding to the resulting need, Fortune expanded its service programs to serve as a core resource for people coming home from incarceration. These programs include Employment Services, Alternatives to Incarceration (ATI), and the Substance Use Treatment program.
In recent years, Fortune has continued to increase its array of services and programming. In 2002, The Fortune Academy, also known as “The Castle,” opened in West Harlem to provide transitional housing and onsite services to participants facing housing insecurity. Castle Gardens, a permanent housing facility, followed in 2011. Since their openings, Fortune’s two residences have helped hundreds of people readjust to life after incarceration. In 2007, the opening of The David Rothenberg Center for Public Policy provided additional resources to further Fortune’s criminal justice reform efforts.
Now, with 50 years of experience under its belt, The Fortune Society has become one of the nation’s leading reentry service organizations, serving nearly 7,000 individuals annually. It is also a leading advocate in the fight for criminal justice reform and alternatives to incarceration. Fortune’s program models are recognized both nationally and internationally for their quality and innovation, and continues to inspire and transform a multitude of lives.
Fortune grew from an advocacy group to an organization that would also respond directly to the needs of those reentering society.
Our vision is to foster a world where all who are incarcerated or formerly incarcerated will thrive as positive, contributing members of society.
Long Island City (Main Office)
29-76 Northern Boulevard
Long Island City, NY 11101