The King Centre

The King Centre



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The King Centre in Atlanta, Georgia, commemorates Martin Luther King Jr., a Baptist minister and the leader of the African-American civil rights movement.

Dr King was assassinated on 4 April 1968 at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, and his joint crypt with his wife is located at the King Centre.

Visitors to the King Centre, which is part of the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site which is managed by the National Parks Service, can embark on a self-guided tour to see his final resting place as well as view exhibits about Dr King.

History of The King Centre

The King Centre is an non-for-profit, official, living memorial dedicated to the advancement of the legacy of Martin Luther King Jr.

It was founded by Coretta Scott King in the basement of the couple’s home in the same year that her husband, Martin Luther King Jr., was assassinated.

In 1981, the centre’s headquarters were moved into the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site facility on Auburn Avenue. This area also includes King’s birth home and the Ebenezer Baptist Church, where he preached from 1960 until his death.

The remains of Martin Luther King Jr. were moved from South View Cemetery to the plaza between the centre and the church, and a memorial tomb was dedicated in 1977.

Martin Luther King Jr.‘s gravesite and a reflecting pool are also located next to Freedom Hall.

The King Centre Today

More than 650,000 people visit The King Centre annually.

The centre encourages a very hands-on approach when engaging with the themes it discusses, running a number of of outreach programs, which aims to ‘prepare global citizens to create a more just, humane, and peaceful world using Dr King’s nonviolent philosophy and methodology.’

These include Nonviolence Education and Training, the Camp Now Leadership Academy, Students with King, a Beloved Community Teach-In, Beloved Community Talks, Beloved Community Network, and the Beloved Community International Festival.

There is also a library with a number of resources related to philosophy and methods of Kingian nonviolence.

Getting to The King Centre

From the centre of Atlanta, The King Centre is a 5 minute drive via Auburn Ave NE. There’s also a regular tram service from the city centre which takes around 20 minutes. There are also a number of connecting buses which take around 25 minutes to reach the centre. By foot, The King Centre is a 25 minute walk via Piedmont Ave SW and Auburn Ave NE.


The Florida Legislature approved funds for initial design work in 1983 and construction between 1985-86 for the $12.3 million facility. [1] On April 10, 1988, the venue opened under the name Brevard Performing Arts Center with two sold out performances of Singin' in the Rain. [1] The next year, the named changed to Maxwell C. King Center for the Performing Arts. [1]

The King Center presents more than 115 shows annually.

The center employs 10 full-time and 57 part-time employees. There are 400 volunteers. [4]

Endowment was $3.5 million in 2009. [4]

In 2009, it needed $2 million in repairs. It lost $911,000 in 2008. Management estimated that they would lose $700,000 in 2009. [5]


What are Shakespeare’s Henriad plays about?

William Shakespeare’s famed Henriad plays, loosely based on events that took place during the 15th century, span from Richard II to Henry IV, Parts 1 and II, and Henry V. The plays chronicle the rise of the Lancaster branch of England’s House of Plantagenet in the 15th century, with a focus on politics and diplomacy, war and betrayal.

In the first play, the Lancasters ascend to the throne of England, as Henry Bolingbroke &mdash later King Henry IV &mdash deposes his cousin King Richard II. Prince Hal, played by Chalamet in The King, is the central figure of the later plays &mdash which cover his young life of debauchery and camaraderie with his friend Sir John Falstaff (Edgerton) to his eventual rise as King of England and subsequent disregard for his old friends.

The King features aspects of the latter two plays, but with some key differences.


About Mrs. King

Coretta Scott King was one of the most influential women leaders in our world. Prepared by her family, education, and personality for a life committed to social justice and peace, she entered the world stage in 1955 as wife of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and as a leading participant in the American Civil Rights Movement. Her remarkable partnership with Dr. King resulted not only in four children, who became dedicated to carrying forward their parent’s work, but also in a life devoted to the highest values of human dignity in service to social change. Mrs. King traveled throughout the world speaking out on behalf of racial and economic justice, women’s and children’s rights, gay and lesbian dignity, religious freedom, the needs of the poor and homeless, full-employment, health care, educational opportunities, nuclear disarmament and environmental justice. She lent her support to pro-democracy movements world-wide and consulted with many world leaders, including Corazon Aquino, Kenneth Kaunda, and Nelson Mandela.

Born and raised in Marion, Alabama, Coretta Scott graduated valedictorian from Lincoln High School. She received a B.A. in music and education from Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, and then went on to study concert singing at Boston’s New England Conservatory of Music, where she earned a degree in voice and violin. While in Boston she met Martin Luther King, Jr. who was then studying for his doctorate in systematic theology at Boston University. They were married on June 18, 1953, and in September 1954 took up residence in Montgomery, Alabama, with Coretta Scott King assuming the many responsibilities of pastor’s wife at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.

During Dr. King’s career, Mrs. King devoted most of her time to raising their four children: Yolanda Denise (1955), Martin Luther, III (1957), Dexter Scott (1961), and Bernice Albertine (1963). From the earliest days, however, she balanced mothering and Movement work, speaking before church, civic, college, fraternal and peace groups. She conceived and performed a series of favorably-reviewed Freedom Concerts which combined prose and poetry narration with musical selections and functioned as significant fundraisers for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the direct action organization of which Dr. King served as first president.

In 1957, she and Dr. King journeyed to Ghana to mark that country’s independence. In 1958, they spent a belated honeymoon in Mexico, where they observed first-hand the immense gulf between extreme wealth and extreme poverty. In 1959, Dr. and Mrs. King spent nearly a month in India on a pilgrimage to disciples and sites associated with Mahatma Gandhi. In 1964, she accompanied him to Oslo, Norway, where he received the Nobel Peace Prize.

Even prior to her husband’s public stand against the Vietnam War in 1967, Mrs. King functioned as liaison to peace and justice organizations, and as mediator to public officials on behalf of the unheard.

After her husband’s assassination in 1968, Mrs. King founded and devoted great energy and commitment to building and developing programs for the Atlanta-based Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change as a living memorial to her husband’s life and dream. Situated in the Freedom Hall complex encircling Dr. King’s tomb, The King Center is today located inside of a 23-acre national historic park which includes his birth home, and which hosts over one million visitors a year.

As founding President, Chair, and Chief Executive Officer, she dedicated herself to providing local, national and international programs that have trained tens of thousands of people in Dr. King’s philosophy and methods she guided the creation and housing of the largest archives of documents from the Civil Rights Movement and, perhaps her greatest legacy after establishing The King Center itself, Mrs. King spearheaded the massive educational and lobbying campaign to establish Dr. King’s birthday as a national holiday.

In 1983, an act of Congress instituted the Martin Luther King, Jr. Federal Holiday Commission, which she chaired for its duration. And in January 1986, Mrs. King oversaw the first legal holiday in honor of her husband–a holiday which has come to be celebrated by millions of people world-wide and, in some form, in over 100 countries.

Coretta Scott King tirelessly carried the message of nonviolence and the dream of the beloved community to almost every corner of our nation and globe. She led goodwill missions to many countries in Africa, Latin America, Europe and Asia. She spoke at many of history’s most massive peace and justice rallies. She served as a Women’s Strike for Peace delegate to the seventeen-nation Disarmament Conference in Geneva, Switzerland in 1962. She was the first woman to deliver the class day address at Harvard, and the first woman to preach at a statutory service at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London.

A life-long advocate of interracial coalitions, in 1974 Mrs. King formed a broad coalition of over 100 religious, labor, business, civil and women’s rights organizations dedicated to a national policy of full employment and equal economic opportunity, as Co-Chair of both the National Committee for Full Employment and the Full Employment Action Council. In 1983, she brought together more than 800 human rights organizations to form the Coalition of Conscience, sponsors of the 20th Anniversary March on Washington, until then the largest demonstration ever held in our nation’s capital. In 1987, she helped lead a national Mobilization Against Fear and Intimidation in Forsyth County, Georgia. In 1988, she re-convened the Coalition of Conscience for the 25th anniversary of the March on Washington. In preparation for the Reagan-Gorbachev talks, in 1988 she served as head of the U.S. delegation of Women for a Meaningful Summit in Athens, Greece and in 1990, as the USSR was redefining itself, Mrs. King was co-convener of the Soviet-American Women’s Summit in Washington, DC.

In 1985 Mrs. King and three of her children, Yolanda, Martin III and Bernice were arrested at the South African embassy in Washington, DC, for protesting against apartheid.

One of the most influential African-American leaders of her time, Mrs. King received honorary doctorates from over 60 colleges and universities authored three books and a nationally-syndicated newspaper column and served on and helped found dozens of organizations, including the Black Leadership Forum, the National Black Coalition for Voter Participation, and the Black Leadership Roundtable.

During her lifetime, Mrs. King dialogued with heads of state, including prime ministers and presidents, as well as participating in protests alongside rank and file working people of all races. She met with many great spiritual leaders, including Pope John Paul, the Dalai Lama, Dorothy Day, and Bishop Desmond Tutu. She witnessed the historic handshake between Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Chairman Yassir Arafat at the signing of the Middle East Peace Accords. She stood with Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg when he became South Africa’s first democratically-elected president. A woman of wisdom, compassion and vision, Coretta Scott King tried to make ours a better world and, in the process, made history.

Mrs. King died in 2006. A few days after her death, thousands of Atlantans stood in line in the pouring sleet to pay their respects to her at a viewing in Ebenezer Baptist Church. She is today interred alongside her husband in a memorial crypt in the reflecting pool of The King Center’s Freedom Hall Complex, visited by hundreds of thousands of people from all over the world year-round. The inscription on the crypt memorializing her life of service is from I Corinthians 13:13 –“And now abide faith, hope, love, these three but the greatest of these is love.”


The King Centre - History

The National Civil Rights Museum is a member of

Accredited by the American Alliance of Museums

Designated a World Peace Flame Monument Site

Member of the worldwide network of over 300 historic sites

National Civil Rights Museum &bull 450 Mulberry St. &bull Memphis, TN 38103 &bull (901) 521-9699


HISTORY

Built in 1989 by Murray Koffler – founder of the Shopper’s Drug Mart and co-founder of The Four Seasons Hotels – as Canada’s first world class spa facility.

In 1992 CIBC, under the leadership of Chairman Al Flood, converted the property into a private state-of-the-art training facility for their leaders.

Purchased in 2001 by John Abele – The Kingbridge Centre was founded in 2001 by John Abele, cofounder of Boston Scientific and a global leader in the field of less invasive medicine. The Kingbridge vision was inspired by Mr. Abele’s passion for technological inventions, concepts and ideas made to benefit communities and society as a whole. His involvement in these areas influenced him to envision a living learning place that supports innovation where groups of people could come together to collaboratively solve problems. In January 2021, Mr. Abele made the decision to retire, entrusting the ownership of the Kingbridge Centre to the Pathak Family Trust and its affiliated entity Ekagrata Inc.

Purchased in January 2021 by the Pathak Family Trust and its affiliated entity Ekagrate Inc – The Kingbridge Centre will continue to deliver world-class residential convening, leadership development, corporate training, conferencing and retreat services while being committed to engaging with local community. The Pathak Family Trust is committed to upholding the standard of innovation, discovery, and excellence long represented by the Kingbridge Centre, and to continue the strong partnerships with local community, government and academia. Kingbridge’s new Chairman, Prashant Pathak, has been involved in Mr. Abele’s vision and mission alongside the Kingbridge team for over 15 years and is excited to carry on the legacy of collective learning, problem solving, leadership development and innovation. Mr. Abele will continue to advise Mr. Pathak and the rest of the Kingbridge team as Chairman Emeritus.

Mr. Pathak has begun to expand The Kingbridge vision by engaging with key stakeholder partners to harness the infrastructure of the Kingbridge Centre to drive economic prosperity by accelerating groundbreaking innovations that drive community transformation, and scale up environmental initiatives which make a positive impact in the world. Food, Agriculture, Energy, Water are four of the key focus areas of the Kingbridge Centre aligned with economic priorities of King Township and York Region. Programming will be developed and offered to support these objectives, help foster leaders and convene people who are interested to explore new ideas and collaboratively solve problems from a higher level of thinking, creativity, skills and shared purpose.

Due to COVID-19, from May 2020 The Kingbridge Centre has been serving as a Temporary Transitional Shelter for York Residents in need, through a partnership with The Regional Municipality of York and Salvation Army. This partnership is due to continue until June 2021. Looking beyond the current situation with the COVID-19 pandemic, the Kingbridge Centre team is looking forward to being a partner in supporting economic recovery efforts, and growing innovative businesses. Mr. Pathak’s extensive global network, experience with risk capital investing and building businesses will support those efforts. Plans will be announced later this spring.


King Arthur

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King Arthur, also called Arthur or Arthur Pendragon, legendary British king who appears in a cycle of medieval romances (known as the Matter of Britain) as the sovereign of a knightly fellowship of the Round Table. It is not certain how these legends originated or whether the figure of Arthur was based on a historical person. The legend possibly originated either in Wales or in those parts of northern Britain inhabited by Brythonic-speaking Celts. (For a fuller treatment of the stories about King Arthur, see also Arthurian legend.)

Who is King Arthur?

King Arthur is a legendary British king who appears in a series of stories and medieval romances as the leader of a knightly fellowship called the Round Table.

Was King Arthur a real person?

Historians cannot confirm King Arthur’s existence, though some speculate that he was a real warrior who led British armies against Saxon invaders in the 6th century.

When did stories about King Arthur become popular?

Stories about King Arthur became popular before the 11th century. Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia regum Britanniae, written between 1135 and 1139, brought Arthur European fame. Today the character of King Arthur appears in comic books, novels, television shows, and films.

How did Arthur become king?

Legends disagree on how Arthur became king, though most involve his famous sword, Excalibur. Some involve Arthur fulfilling a prophecy by pulling Excalibur from a stone, whereas others say the sword was given to him by a magical woman in a lake.

Who was King Arthur’s wife?

King Arthur was married to Guinevere in most legends. Early traditions of abduction and infidelity follow Guinevere, who in some stories was carried off by Arthur’s rivals and in others had an adulterous affair with the knight Lancelot.

Assumptions that a historical Arthur led Welsh resistance to the West Saxon advance from the middle Thames are based on a conflation of two early writers, the religious polemicist Gildas and the historian Nennius, and on the Annales Cambriae of the late 10th century. The 9th-century Historia Brittonum, traditionally attributed to Nennius, records 12 battles fought by Arthur against the Saxons, culminating in a victory at Mons Badonicus. The Arthurian section of this work, however, is from an undetermined source, possibly a poetic text. The Annales Cambriae also mention Arthur’s victory at Mons Badonicus (516) and record the Battle of Camlann (537), “in which Arthur and Medraut fell.” Gildas’s De excidio et conquestu Britanniae (mid-6th century) implies that Mons Badonicus was fought in about 500 but does not connect it with Arthur.

Early Welsh literature quickly made Arthur into a king of wonders and marvels. The 12th-century prose romance Culhwch and Olwen associated him with other heroes, and this conception of a heroic band with Arthur at its head doubtless led to the idea of Arthur’s court.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Adam Augustyn, Managing Editor, Reference Content.


More things to explore at King House

Enjoy a Tour of King House

Enjoy a Tour of King House

Welcoming staff are very passionate about the history of King House and Boyle and are on hand to guide you through the house in a fun, informative way.

Visit the Courtyard

Visit the Courtyard

The bustling courtyard at King House is home to the King House Tearooms, the Boyle Library and a vibrant Farmers Market is held every Saturday.

Weddings at King House

Weddings at King House

King house is the perfect setting for an intimate wedding and is a fully-licensed civil wedding venue.


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(Ans)
Samudragupta was the famous ruler of the Gupta dynasty.

(Q.) What is a Prashastis

(Ans)
Prashastis is a special kind of inscription meaning “in praise of”. They were composed in praise of the rulers.

(Q.) Who was the father of Chandragupta II?

(Ans)
Samudragupta was the father of Chandragupta II.

(Q.) Who was the famous astronomer in the court of Chandragupta II?

(Ans)
Aryabhata was the famous astronomer in the court of Chandragupta II.

(Q.) In whose court did Xuan Zang stay for a long time?

Xuan Zang stayed a lot of time in the court of Harshavardhana.

(Q.) Which Gupta ruler led an army against the ruler of Bengal?

(Ans)
Harsha led the army against the ruler of Bengal.

(Q.) Who stopped Harsha’s march into the Deccan?

(Ans)
Harsha’s march into the Deccan was stopped by Pulakeshin II.

(Q.) What was the dynasty to which Pulakeshin II belonged?

Pulakeshin II belonged to the Chalukya dynasty.

(Q.) What was the capital of the Chalukyas?

(Ans)
Aihole was the capital of the Chalukyas.

(Q.) Who was the best known ruler of the Chalukya dynasty?

(Ans)
Pulakeshin II was the famous ruler of the Chalukya dynasty.

(Q.) Name the Chalukya king who got the kingdom from his uncle.

(Ans)
Pulakeshin was the king who got the kingdom from his uncle.

(Q.) What is the meaning of Harsha?

(Q.) Who was known as maha-danda-nayaka?

(Ans)
Harishena was known as maha-danda-nayaka meaning chief judicial officer.

(Q.) What was the nagaram in the Pallava kingdom?

The nagaram was an organisation of merchants.

(Q.) Mention an important source of information about Samudragupta.

(Ans)
An important source of information about Samudragupta is a long inscription in the form of poem written in Sanskrit by his court poet, Harisena nearly 1700 years ago.
(Q.) How did the poet of Prashastis praise Samudragupta?

(Ans)
The poet praised the king as warrior and as a king who won victories in battle. He was learned and the best of poets. He is also described as equal to the gods.

(Q.) What was the title adopted by Chandragupta, the father of Samudragupta?

(Ans)
Chandragupta was the first ruler of the Gupta dynasty who adopted the grand title of maharaj-adhiraja. Later on this title was also adopted by Samudragupta.

(Q.) What is the meaning of kumar-amatya and sandhi-vigrahika?

(Ans)
Kumar-amatya means an important minister and sandhi-vigrahika means a minister of war and peace.

(Q.) What was the Ur during the Pallava period?

(Ans)
The Ur was a village assemblyfound in areas ofsouthern India where the land owners were not brahmins.

(Q.) Who controlled the local assemblies such as Sabha, ur, and nagaram?

(Ans)
These assemblies were controlled by rich and powerful landowners and merchants.
(Q.) Which is the most famous play of Kalidasa?

(Ans)
Kalidasa’s most famous play is Abhijnana Shakuntalam, which is the story of the love between a king named Dushyanta and a young woman named Shakuntala.

Q.) What does the plays of Kalidasa say about the language spoken by the people?

(Ans)
According to the plays of Kalidasa, the king and brahmin spoke Sanskrit and women and common people spoke Prakrit.

(Q.) What were the names of Samudragupta’s parents?

(Ans)
According to inscriptional sources, Samudragupta’s mother was Kumara Devi who wasa Lichchhavi gana, while his father, Chandragupta was the first ruler of the Gupta dynasty.

(Q.) Where do we get information about King Harshavardhana from?

(Ans)
We get information about Harshavardhana from his biography titled Harshacharita in Sanskrit, written by his court poet, Banabhatta.

(Q.) Write about the kingdom of the Pallavas.

(Ans)
The kingdom of the Pallavas spread from the region around their capital, Kanchipuram, to the Kaveri delta. They were one of the most important ruling dynasties in south India during the 3rd to 5th A.D.

(Q.) How do we get information about Pulakeshin II?

(Ans)
We get information about Pulakeshin IIfrom a prashasti, composed by his court poet Ravikirti.

(Q.) Write about the kingdom of the Chalukyas.

(Ans)
The Chalukyas were one of the important dynasties in south India during 3rd -5th A.D. The kingdom of the Chalukyas centered around the Raichur Doab, between the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra. Their capital city was Aihole. It was an important trading centre. It was also an important religious centre, with a number of temples. Pulakeshin II was the famous Chalukya ruler.

(Q.) Write the meaning of these terms: nagara-shreshthi, Sarthavaha, Prathama-kulika.

Nagara-shreshthi: Chief banker or merchant of the city

Sarthavaha: Leader of the merchant caravans

Prathama-kulika:Chief craftsman andhead of the then kayasthas or scribes.

(Q.) Who were samantas?

(Ans)
Samantas were military leaders who provided the king with troops whenever he needed them. For their service they were not paid regular salaries. Instead, they received the grants of land from the king. They collected revenue from the land and used it for the maintenance of soldiers and horses and to provide war equipments. Whenever the king was weak they tried to become independent.

(Q.) What was the Sabha during the Pallavas rule?

(Ans)
A number of local assemblies have been mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallavas. The Sabha was one of the local assemblies. It was an assembly of brahmin land owners. This assembly had sub-committees that looked after irrigation, agricultural operations, making roads, and local temples, etc.

(Q.) Write a short note on the Pallavas and Chalukyas.

(Ans)
The most important ruling dynasties in south India were the Pallavas and Chalukyas. The realm of the Pallavas spread from the region around their capital, Kanchipuram, to the Kaveri delta. The kingdom of the Chalukyas was centred on the Raichur Doab between the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra. Aihole was the capital of the Chalukyas. It was an important trading centre as well as a religious centre. The Pallavas and Chalukyas frequently attacked each other’s lands, especially the capital cities, which were prosperous towns.

(Q.) What were the new developments in the field of administration after the Gupta period?

During the Gupta period, there were some new developments in the administrative field. Kings adopted numerous measures to win the support of powerful men such as:
1. Some important administrative posts now became hereditary. For example, the poet Harishena was a maha-danda-nayaka, or chief judicial officer, like his father.
2. At times, one person held many offices. For instance, besides being a maha-danda-nayaka, Harishena was akumar-amatya, and a sandhi- vigrahika.
3. Besides, important men probably had a say in local administration.

(Q.) What changes did the army undergo after the Gupta period?

The protection of an Empire required huge and strong army. Thus, special attention was paid to maintain a huge and efficient army.

1. Infantry, cavalry and elephants were the main divisions of the army.

2. Besides, there were military leaders known as samantas, who provided troops to the king whenever required.

3. Samantas were not paid regular salaries. Instead, some of them received grants of land. They collected revenue from the land and used this to maintain soldiers, horses and provide equipment for warfare.
(Q.) Mention three authors who wrote about the King and the lives of the ordinary people.

Kalidasa, Fa Xian and Banabhatta wrote about the lives of the ordinary people in the kingdom.
1. In his plays, Kalidasa has shown the king and most brahmins speaking Sanskrit, while women and men other than the king and brahmins use Prakrit. There is a remarkable description of the plight of a poor fisherman in his play Abhijnana Shakuntalam.
2. The Chinese pilgrim Fa Xian has given a detailed account of the plight of the untouchables. They were mistreated by the high and mighty and were expected to live on the outskirts of the city.
3. Banabhatta provides us with a vivid picture of the king’s army on the move.

(Q.) Briefly describe assemblies in the Southern kingdoms.

A number of local assemblies were mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallavas. Most probably these assemblies were controlled by rich and powerful landowners and merchants.

1. Sabha was an assembly of brahmin land owners. It performed various roles and functioned through subcommittees, which looked after irrigation, agricultural operations, making roads, local temples etc.

2. The ur was a village assembly found in areas where the land owners were not brahmins.

3. The nagaram was an organisation of merchants.

(Q.) Mention four different kinds of rulers as described by Harisena. What was Samudragupta’s policy towards them?

Harisena, the court poet of Samudragupta has mentioned the four different rulers in the prashasti. Samudragupta’s policy toward them is as follows:

1.The rulers of Aryavarta (Kanauj, Pataliputra, Prayaga, Mathura and Nalanda) were some nine rulers. These kingdoms were made part of Samudragupta’s empire.

2.The rulers of Dakshinapathawere twelve rulers. These rulers were defeated by Samudragupta and then allowed to rule their kingdoms.

3.The neighbouring states such as Assam, coastal Bengal, Nepal and a number of gana sanghas brought tribute, followed his order and attended his court.

4.The rulers ofnorth-westand the ruler of Sri Lanka submitted to him and offered daughtersfor marriage.
(Q.)

Read the following passage and answer the question given below:
“The king travelled with an enormous amount of equipment. Apart from weapons, there were things of daily use such as pots, pans, furniture, golden footstools, food, including animals such as goat, deer, rabbits, vegetables, spices, carried on carts or loaded on to pack animals such as camels and elephants. This huge army was accompanied by musicians beating drums, and others playing horns and trumpets. Villagers had to provide hospitality along the way. They came with gifts of curds, gurand flowers, and provided fodder for the animals. They also tried to meet the king, and place their complaints and petitions before him.”

1. What all did the army carry with them?

2. What did the villagers bring to the king? [2 + 2 =4]

(Ans)
1. Apart from weapons, the army carried things of daily use such as pots, pans, furniture, golden footstools, food including animals such as goat, deer, rabbits, vegetables, spices. These things were carried on carts or loaded on to pack animals such as camels and elephants.

2. The villagers brought gifts of curds, gur and flowers to the king. They provided fodder for the animals. They also tried to meet the king and place their complaints and petitions before him.

(Q.) This is a picture of a coin of Gupta period in which a king is playing an musical instrument. Answer the following questions related to this picture:

1. Which King was shown in this coin I?

4. The king depicted in the coin belonged to which dynasty?

1. King Samudragupta is shown in this coin.

2. This coin was made of gold.

3. Samudragupta is playing Veena.

4. Samudragupta belonged to the Gupta dynasty.

(Q.) Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:

1. This story of fisherman is found in which play?

2. Who wrote this story?

3. What is the name of the king mentioned in this story?

4. What was the reaction of the king when he saw the ring?

1. This story is from the famous play Abhijnana Shakuntalam.

2. Kalidasa wrote this story.

3. King Dushyanta is mentioned in this story.

4. The king was very happy to see the ring and sent a reward for the fisherman.


Henry VIII: More Marriages and Deaths

In January of 1536 Henry was unhorsed and injured during a jousting tournament. When news of his accident reached the pregnant Anne, she miscarried, delivering a stillborn son. Henry then spurned her, turning his affections to another woman of his court, Jane Seymour. Within six months he had executed Anne for treason and incest and married Jane, who quickly gave him a son (the future Edward VI) but died two weeks later.

Henry’s fourth marriage bore similarities to his first. Anne of Cleves was a political bride, chosen to cement an alliance with her brother, the ruler of a Protestant duchy in Germany. The marriage only lasted a few days before Henry had it annulled. He then married Catherine Howard, but two years later she too was beheaded for treason and adultery.

In the last years of his reign Henry grew moody, obese and suspicious, hobbled by personal intrigues and by the persistent leg wound from his jousting injury. His final marriage, to the widow Catherine Parr in 1543, saw his reconciliation with Mary and Elizabeth, who were restored to the line of succession.


Watch the video: The King - Timothée Chalamet, Robert Pattinson. Final Trailer. Netflix Film