Martini Fisher

Martini Fisher

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Martini Fisher is a Mythographer and Author.

Her first published work is “Wayang: Stories of the Shadow Puppets,” a look at the ancient stories of Javanese creation myths from a traditional performing arts standpoint. With Mathematician Dr. R.K Fisher, Martini wrote another series of books, “Time Maps.” Combining both their expertise, they revisit world history from the beginning, reviewing and questioning facts with mathematical precision and historical curiosity.

Martini continues to gather myths and legends around the globe to present them in a relevant and approachable way for modern audiences.

Connect with Martini online through:





    By 1922 the martini reached its most recognizable form in which London dry gin and dry vermouth are combined at a ratio of 2:1, stirred in a mixing glass with ice cubes, with the optional addition of orange or aromatic bitters, then strained into a chilled cocktail glass. [3] Over time the generally expected garnish became the drinker's choice of a green olive or a twist of lemon peel.

    A dry martini is made with little to no vermouth, [4] contrary to the popular belief that its name is derived from dry vermouth being added. [ citation needed ] It is called “dry” because it is lacking an ingredient, as a standard martini calls for dry vermouth. [ citation needed ] Ordering a martini “extra dry” will result in even less or no vermouth added. By the Roaring Twenties, it became a common drink order. Over the course of the 20th century, the amount of vermouth steadily dropped. During the 1930s the ratio was 3:1 (gin to vermouth), and during the 1940s the ratio was 4:1. During the latter part of the 20th century, 6:1, 8:1, 12:1, 15:1 (the "Montgomery", after British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery's supposed penchant for attacking only when in possession of great numerical superiority), [5] or even 50:1 or 100:1 Martinis became considered the norm. [6] [ failed verification ]

    A wet martini contains more vermouth a 50-50 martini uses equal amounts of gin and vermouth. An upside-down or reverse martini has more vermouth than gin.

    A dirty martini contains a splash of olive brine or olive juice and is typically garnished with an olive. [7]

    A perfect martini uses equal amounts of sweet and dry vermouth. [8]

    Some martinis were prepared by filling a cocktail glass with gin, then rubbing a finger of vermouth along the rim. There are those who advocated the elimination of vermouth altogether. Luis Buñuel used the dry martini as part of his creative process, regularly using it to sustain "a reverie in a bar". He offers his own recipe, involving Angostura bitters, in his memoir. [9]

    The playwright Noel Coward is credited with the assertion that a martini is best made by filling a glass with gin and then "waving [it] in the general direction of Italy." [10]

    In 1966, the American Standards Association (ASA) released K100.1-1966, "Safety Code and Requirements for Dry Martinis", a tongue-in-cheek account of how to make a "standard" dry martini. [11] The latest revision of this document, K100.1-1974, was published by American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the successor to ASA, though it is no longer an active standard. [12]

    The traditional martini comes in a number of variations. The fictional spy James Bond sometimes asked for his vodka martinis, which substitute vodka for gin, to be "shaken, not stirred", following Harry Craddock's The Savoy Cocktail Book (1930), which prescribes shaking for all its martini recipes. [13] The proper name for a shaken martini is a Bradford [14] however, Somerset Maugham is often quoted as saying that "a martini should always be stirred, not shaken, so that the molecules lie sensuously on top of one another." [15] In Casino Royale, Fleming invented the Vesper martini, with gin, vodka, and Kina Lillet.

    A porn star martini is a variation of a vodka martini. Traditionally, the vodka is vanilla flavoured, and is mixed with Passoã [ citation needed ] and passion-fruit juice before being served in a martini glass, accompanied by a shot glass filled with prosecco. [16]

    A martini may also be served on the rocks that is, with the ingredients poured over ice cubes and served in an old fashioned glass. [17] This, like a martini shaken with ice, will dilute the drink.

    A Gibson is a standard dry martini garnished with cocktail onions instead of olives. It was invented at the Bohemian Grove Club in San Francisco in 1907. [ citation needed ]

    Total variations Edit

    Sometimes the term "martini" is used to refer to other mostly-hard-liquor cocktails such as Manhattan, Cosmopolitan, and ad hoc or local concoctions whose only commonality with the drink is the cocktail glass in which they are served. Chefs with a more whimsical bent are even producing dessert martinis which are not a drink at all, but are merely served in martini glasses.

    Some newer drinks include the word "martini" or the suffix "-tini" in the name (e.g., appletini, peach martini, chocolate martini, breakfast martini). These are so named because they are served in a cocktail glass. Generally containing vodka, they share little in common with the martini.

    Another popular form is the espresso martini, popular in restaurants as a dessert. Many variations exist but most involve shaking an espresso shot with the ingredients and served in a chilled martini glass. By shaking a fresh espresso shot it creates a hard layer of crema which is garnished with three coffee beans in the centre. [18]

    The exact origin of the martini is unclear. The name may derive from the Martini brand of vermouth. [19] Another popular theory suggests it evolved from a cocktail called the Martinez served sometime in the early 1860s at the Occidental Hotel in San Francisco, which people frequented before taking an evening ferry to the nearby town of Martinez, California. Alternatively, residents of Martinez say a bartender in their town created the drink, [20] [21] while another source indicates that the drink was named after the town. Indeed, a "Martinez Cocktail" was first described in Jerry Thomas's 1887 edition of his Bartender's Guide, How to Mix All Kinds of Plain and Fancy Drinks: [22]

    • Take 1 dash of Boker's bitters
    • 2 dashes of Maraschino
    • 1 pony [1 fl oz] of Old Tom gin
    • 1 wine-glass [2 fl oz] of [sweet/Italian] vermouth
    • 2 small lumps of ice
    • Shake up thoroughly, and strain into a large cocktail glass. Put a quarter of a slice of lemon in the glass, and serve. If the guest prefers it very sweet, add two dashes of gum syrup.

    Other bartending guides of the late 19th century contained recipes for numerous cocktails similar to the modern-day martini. [23] For example, Harry Johnson's Bartenders' Manual (1888) listed a recipe for a “Martini Cocktail” that consisted in part of half a wine glass of Old Tom gin and a half a wine glass of vermouth. [24]

    • Fill the glass up with ice
    • 2 or 3 dashes of gum syrup
    • 2 or 3 dashes of bitters (Boker's genuine only)
    • 1 dash of Curaçao
    • 1 ⁄ 2 wine glassful [1 fl oz] of Old Tom gin
    • 1 ⁄ 2 wine glassful [1 fl oz] of [sweet/Italian] vermouth
    • Stir up well with a spoon, strain it into a fancy cocktail glass, squeeze a piece of lemon peel on top, and serve.

    The first dry martini is sometimes linked to the name of a bartender who concocted the drink at the Knickerbocker Hotel in New York City in 1911 or 1912. [25] The "Marguerite Cocktail", first described in 1904, could be considered an early form of the dry martini, because it was a 2:1 mix of Plymouth dry gin and dry vermouth, with a dash of orange bitters. [26]

    During Prohibition in the United States, during the mid-20th century, the relative ease of illegal gin manufacture led to the martini's rise as the locally predominant cocktail. With the repeal of Prohibition, and the ready availability of quality gin, the drink became progressively drier. In the 1970s and '80s, the martini came to be seen as old-fashioned and was replaced by more intricate cocktails and wine spritzers, but the mid-1990s saw a resurgence in the drink and numerous new versions. [4]

    Divinity Beneath the Madness

    Historians often write them off as mad women. The name Maenad evenliterally translates as the “raving ones”. But these women are much more than that. The Maenads are actually sacred worshippers and holy priestesses to the god of wine, madness and frenzy – Dionysus. Every aspect of the Maenads’ appearance echoes the god they worship. They carry the thyrsus, a staff of giant fennel covered with ivy vines also carried by Dionysus. They wore the skin of a panther and a put snake over their hair, both sacred animals of Dionysus. They worshipped Dionysus with hymns, rites and having their souls initiated in the Bacchic revels by dancing in inspired frenzy while accompanying themselves with the heavy beat of drums and performing holy purifications.

    In his Theogony, Hesiod tells us that that Semele, the daughter of Cadmus the king of Thebes, bore Dionysus prematurely after having an affair with Zeus. Hera, angry at her husband’s betrayal, convinces Semele to see Zeus in his godly form. Zeus appeares to her as a lightning bolt and kills her instantly. However, Zeus manages to save their unborn son Dionysus. He hides the baby Dionysus from Hera by sewing the foetus up in his own thigh until Dionysus is ready to be born.

    “Bacchante” by Arthur Hacker (1913)

    A continuation of Dionysus’ relationship with his mother’s side of the family is found in Euripides’ “the Bacchae”. Semele‘s family, particularly her sister Agave, are convinced that Semele died as a result of her blasphemous lies about the identity of her baby’s father. The young god is therefore spurned by his own family. Therefore, Dionysus travels throughout Asia gathering a cult of female worshippers (the Maenads). He later returns to Thebes, his birthplace, to take revenge on the ruling house of Cadmus (his grandfather) for their refusal to worship him and to vindicate his mother.

    As the play begins, Dionysos has driven the women of Thebes into an ecstatic frenzy. These women includes his own aunts Agave, Autonoe and Ino. He sends them dancing and hunting on Mount Cithaeron. Although some of the older men of the city, such as Cadmus himself and the old blind seer Tiresias, have also become enthusiastic devotees of the Bacchic rituals, the young King Pentheus (Agave’s son who has recently taken over the throne from Cadmus) scolds them harshly. Pentheus then effectively bans Dionysian worship by ordering his soldiers to arrest anyone else found engaging in the rites. He sees the women’s divinely-caused insanity as nothing but drunken cavorting and an attempt to escape the mores and legal codes which regulates Theban society.

    Félix Soulès (1857-1904), Bacchante à la chèvre

    After Dionysus allowed himself to be arrested in his disguise as the leader of the Dionysian priests, he and is immediately interrogated by the skeptical Pentheus. It is soon clear from his questions, that Pentheus himself is also deeply interested in the Dionysiac rites. When Dionysus, in his disguise refuses to fully reveal the rites to him, Pentheus has him locked up. Being a god, Dionysus quickly breaks free and promptly razes Pentheus’ palace to the ground in a giant earthquake and fire.

    A herdsman brings news for Pentheus from Mount Cithaeron that the Maenads are performing incredible feats and miracles. The guards are unable to harm them with their weapons, while the women appear to be able to defeat them with only sticks. Now Pentheus is becoming even more eager to see these ecstatic women. Wishing to humiliate and punish him, Dionysus convinces Pentheus to dress as a Maenad to avoid detection and go to the rites himself.

    Aleksander Kotsis – Bachantka 1873

    Dionysus then takes his vengeance a step further than just humiliation by helping Pentheus up to the top of a tree for a better view of the Maenads. After seeing that Pentheus is sitting comfortably on the tree, Dionysus alerts the women to the snooper. Driven wild by this intrusion, the women pull Pentheus who quickly realized that he is in fact trapped in the tree. The women then proceeds to rip Pentheus’ body apart, piece by piece.

    Still possessed by the Dionysian ecstacy Agave, Pentheus’ mother, arrives back at the palace carrying the head of her own son, believing it to be the head of a mountain lion which she had killed with her bare hands. She proudly displays Pentheus’ severed head as a hunting trophy to her horrified father Cadmus. But, as Dionysus‘ influence begins to wear off, Agave realizes with horror of what she has done.

    “A Dedication to Bacchus” by Lawrence Alma Tadema (1889 )

    The term “Maenads” also refers to the women who were driven mad by Dionysus because they refused to worship him. Dionysus’ favored punishment methods seem to be driving these women mad and force them to participate in horrific rites against their will. After his exploits in Thebes, Dionysus went to Argos where all the women in the city joined in his worship except for the daughters of King Proetus. Dionysus punished them by driving them mad until they killed the infants who were nursing at their breasts. He also punished the three daughters of Minyas (Alcathoe, Leucippe and Arsippe), who rejected Dionysus’ rites to remain true to their household duties. While they were working, they were startled by the sounds of invisible drums, flutes and cymbals. As punishment for their resistance to Dionysus, the three daughters of Minyas became madwomen and drew a lot to choose the child of one of their and tearing the child to pieces, as the women on the mountain did to bulls.

    Attic red-figure pelike – Satyr and maenad

    Despite Dionysus’ cruel punishments, the average ancient women still found some affinity with the Maenads. During a war in the middle of the third century BC, a group of entranced Maenads lost their way and arrived in Amphissa, a city near Delphi. There, the Maenads sank down exhausted in the middle of a market place before being overpowered by a deep sleep. The women of Amphissa formed a protective ring around the Maenads and stayed there to protect them while they slept. When the Maenads finally awoke, the women of Amphissa arranged for them to return home safely.

    Plutarch’s Parallel Lives, likely to have been written in the 2nd century, tells us that the Dionysiac festival was held in a fifth-century BC. Temple surmounted by tripods in which each of the ten Attic tribes participated in contests. Prizes would be awarded to the victorious by the state. The Palestinian city of Scythopolis was also connected to the worship of Dionysus. Pliny’s Historia Naturalis tells us that the name Scythopolis was derived from the Scythians who was put in that area by Dionysus himself in order to protect the tomb of his nurse who was buried there.

    Maenad riding a goat (1796)

    Cultist rites associated with worship of Dionysus were characterized by maniacal dancing to the sound of crashing cymbals and loud music. The revelers would drunkenly whirl, scream and incite each other to greater and greater heights of ecstacy. The purpose of this rite was to achieve a state of ecstacy so high that the celebrants’ souls would be temporarily freed from their earthly bodies, thus making them able to meet with Dionysus to gain a glimpse of they would someday experience in eternity.

    Author Updates

    Dr. R.K. Fisher and Martini Fisher discussed the errors in the study of history and how they come about before re-examining humanity and beliefs from the very beginning.

    Chapters included are:
    • History (If Only it were True)
    • Prehistory and the Physical Environment
    • Biological Evolution

    Written with a Mathematician’s precision and a Historian’s curiosity, Time Maps covers over millennia worth of developments & impacts of civilizations, migrations, leaders and continents. Illuminating concepts of societies, dynasties, heroes, kings and eras through incisive and thorough research, looking at ideas, theories & world views with a sense of wonder and delight.

    “At least 10,000 years ago the Koori knew enough about aerodynamic flight and torque to be able to design and build such sophisticated instruments as returning boomerangs.”

    Dr. R.K. Fisher and Martini Fisher re-discover humanity from the very beginning. Following “Time Maps: History, Prehistory and Biological Evolution”, “Time Maps: Australia, Early Sea Travels and Invasions” discusses evidences of early people and sea travels – discovering that, despite the modern invention of the internet, we are not more “connected” than our ancestors.

    Chapters included are:
    • Australia and Early Sea Voyages
    • Megalithic Culture
    • Kurgans and Indoeuropeans
    • Indoeuropeans and Sumerian Invasions

    Written with a Mathematician’s precision and a Historian’s curiosity, Time Maps covers over millennia worth of developments & impacts of civilizations, migrations, leaders and continents. Illuminating concepts of societies, dynasties, heroes, kings and eras through incisive and thorough research, looking at ideas, theories & world views with a sense of wonder and delight.

    What happened when women ruled the world?

    There are many questions about the Old Culture - a culture even before history was written. Whatever happened to the Great Goddess? When did patriarchy start? How did women become objectified? This book is about the Journey of ancient women with their many glories and challenges. It talks about the gender partitioning which still survived in some cultures today, women as warriors, advisers, goddesses and properties.

    Chapters included are:
    •The Goddess Paradigm
    •Women Warrior
    •Dethroning the Queen of Heaven
    •The Queen in Exile

    Written with a Mathematician’s precision and a Historian’s curiosity, Time Maps covers over millennia worth of developments & impacts of civilizations, migrations, leaders and continents. Illuminating concepts of societies, dynasties, heroes, kings and eras through incisive and thorough research, looking at ideas, theories & world views with a sense of wonder and delight.

    The whole story of Egypt has taken about 7000 years. This roughly translates to about three hundred generations, or a hundred average human lifetimes. The Ancient Egyptian culture meets its natural end around the time of Alexander the Macedonian. However, it is such a magnificent flowering of the human spirit that we turn to it for reference to this day to lead us into understanding many other cultures around the world.

    The rise and fall of empires, dynasties and cultures are patterns that we find in the recollection of events, but the patterns in ancient Egypt are repeated throughout human history, and in the mythology of many nations – the king murdered by his brother, the old king with a young wife, the assassination of a saintly king, the attempt by courtiers to take control of the kingdom, the king brought down by his ambition or pride, and many others, all very Shakespearean. On a larger scale there are social upheavals, cultural revivals, wars that lasted for generations, superb technical achievements, works of art that stimulated the ancient Greeks and hence influenced the world, as well as religious inspirations that helped shape the Judeo-Christian-Islamic tradition.

    Written with a Mathematician’s precision and a Historian’s curiosity, Time Maps covers over millennia worth of developments & impacts of civilizations, migrations, leaders and continents. Illuminating concepts of societies, dynasties, heroes, kings and eras through incisive and thorough research, looking at ideas, theories & world views with a sense of wonder and delight.

    Martini Fisher

    [image error]

    Historians often write them off as mad women. The name Maenad evenliterally translates as the “raving ones”. But these women are much more than that. The Maenads are actually sacred worshippers and holy priestesses to the god of wine, madness and frenzy – Dionysus. Every aspect of the Maenads’ appearance echoes the god they worship. They carry the thyrsus, a staff of giant fennel


    Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

    Fisher, (Martes pennanti), also called fisher cat, black cat, black fox, or pékan, North American carnivore of northern forests (taiga), trapped for its valuable brownish black fur (especially fine in the female). It is a member of the weasel family (Mustelidae). The fisher has a weasel-like body, bushy tail, tapered muzzle, and low rounded ears.

    Adults are usually 50–63 cm (20–25 inches) long, excluding the 33–42-cm (13–16.5-inch) tail, and weigh 1.4–6.8 kg (3–15 pounds). Males are larger and heavier than females. The fisher hunts both on the ground and in trees, attacking various rodents (including porcupines) and other animals. Its diet also includes fruits and sometimes nuts. A litter contains one to five young, born after a gestation period of 338–358 days, including a delay before implantation of the fertilized egg in the wall of the uterus.

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature considers the fisher to be a species of least concern. Population estimates suggest that more than 100,000 fishers remain in North America.

    The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by John P. Rafferty, Editor.

    Martini drinkers

    Famous martini drinkers include Kingsley Amis, Sherwood Anderson, Robert Benchley, Humphrey Bogart, Luis Buñuel, George Burns, James Carville, Sir Winston Churchill, Noel Coward, W.C. Fields, M.F.K. Fisher, F.Scott Fitzgerald, Ian Flemming, Gerald Ford, Jackie Gleason, Dashiell Hammett, Ernest Hemingway, Alfred Hitchcock, William Holden, Herbert Hoover, Jack London, Dean Martin, H.L. Mencken, Richard Nixon, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, James Thurber, Mae West, and E.B. White.

    Here we present some notes on a few of them.

    So famous is Ernst Hemingway’s passion for a good drink that Philip Greene wrote a book about it , which explores Papa’s drinking habits and the drinks that appear into his books. Hemingway loved martinis and created his own version called “The Montgomery”, named after Sir Bernard Law Montgomery, the British general who would not go into battle unless he outnumbered his opposition by 15 to 1, the ratio of gin to vermouth that Hemingway used in his martinis. Hemingway preferred his cocktails icy-cold and reportedly had a clever hack for making “the coldest martini in the world.” His trick? Freezing water in tennis ball tubes to make massive ice cylinders. He also froze the glasses and the Spanish cocktail onions he used as garnishes.

    Luis Buñuel once stated he never had the ‘bad luck’ to miss his daily cocktail: ‘Where certain things are concerned, I plan ahead’. In his autobiography, he confessed that martinis played a “primordial” role in his life. On the ratio of gin to vermouth he remarked that “connoisseurs who like their martinis very dry suggest simply allowing a ray of sunlight to shine through a bottle of Noilly Prat before it hits the bottle of gin”. Here goes his personal martini recipe: “The day before your guests arrive, put all the ingredients – glasses, gin, and shaker – in the refrigerator. Use a thermometer to make sure the ice is about twenty degrees below zero. Don’t take anything out until your friends arrive then pour a few drops of Noilly Prat and half a demitasse spoon of Angostura bitters over the ice. Stir it, then pour it out, keeping only the ice, which retains a faint taste of both. Then pour straight gin over the ice, stir it again, and serve“.

    W. Somerset Maugham, the famous British novelist, was a huge fan of Noilly Prat French vermouth for his martinis, and once said: “You can make a sidecar, a gimlet, a white lady, or a gin and bitters, but you cannot make a dry martini.” He also believed that “martinis should always be stirred, not shaken, so that the molecules lie sensuously one on top of the other.”

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd US president, reportedly loved martinis so much that he traveled with his own martini kit. His favorite was the Dirty Martini: two parts gin, one part vermouth, olive brine, a lemon twist and an olive.

    Clark Gable also liked his martinis very dry. In order to make them really dry, James Gannon, the newspaperman Clark Gable played in Teacher’s Pet, used to hold a bottle of vermouth upside down to moisten the cork and then run the damp cork around the lip of the martini glass.

    Alfred Hitchcock, the Hollywood film director and producer, also liked his martinis very dry, with just “one short glance at a bottle of vermouth”.

    Sir Winston Churchill, the former UK Prime Minister, Churchill favored a very dry martini. As Churchill famously said, the only way to make a martini was with ice-cold gin and a bow in the direction of France.

    Humphrey Bogart, another famous martini drinker, famously said, just before passing away: “I never should have switched from scotch to martinis”.

    Antwone Fisher (2003)

    He's a real person but I had to have him do some things that a few other people had helped me do. He also serves the purpose that he served in real life, and he also does things that other people did for me - just like the girl. Since you can't have that many characters, you combine people.

    The story actually takes place from the late '50s thru the mid '80s but the film's timeframe is more contemporary. Why was that done?

    How accurate was the portrayal of your foster parents?

    I was kind to them in the movie and the book. I was kind to them. They are worse.

    Do you think he (Derek Luke) was the right actor to play you?

    Was it easy for him to play you since you two had been friends before filming began?

    We knew each other for some years before that so he didn't suddenly have to pay attention to me. He knew me. But the thing was, it was most important for him to do a good job. No one knows who I am so it doesn't matter whether he copied my mannerisms or not, because no one knows me. For Will Smith to play Muhammad Ali was different because everybody knows Muhammad Ali. If he came in and acted like Will Smith, then people would be disappointed because he's not being Muhammad Ali. It's much harder to do famous people.

    Antwone Fisher was born in prison to seventeen-year-old Eva Mae Fisher and twenty-three-year-old Eddie Elkins. His father, Eddie, was shot and killed before Antwone was even born. Antwone was placed in foster care within the first few weeks of his life, and for two years he lived with a loving family. The state eventually put Antwone back in the foster system, claiming that Antwone's attachment to his foster mother could be problematic. He was subsequently placed in the home of Reverend and Mrs. Pickett, where some of his most traumatic childhood experiences unfolded. For fourteen years with the Picketts, Antwone suffered both emotional and physical abuse.

    Antwone walked out the door of the Picketts without getting so much as a good-bye. The road ahead for Antwone wasn't easy. Upon graduating high school, he found himself staying at the YMCA where he began life as an emancipated minor. He fell in with a criminal named Butch to avoid the derelicts and sexual predators at the YMCA. He ended up sleeping on park benches and in alleys, and it was at that critical moment in his life that he decided to join the Navy.

    Antwone Fisher spent eleven years with the Navy where he learned many lessons and befriended a Navy psychiatrist, Commander Williams (portrayed by Denzel Washington in the film), who helped him realize his potential. Upon leaving the Navy, Antwone took a job as a security guard at Sony Pictures Entertainment. It was then in 1992 that he decided to look for his real family. He eventually found his aunt, Annette Elkins, who lived in Cleveland, and within months he met all of his kin, including his mother, Eva Mae. READ THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY

    The Antwone Fisher movie trailer for the film directed by Denzel Washington and starring Derek Luke. The movie marked Washington's debut as a director.

    Antwone Fisher trailer. A sailor (Derek Luke) prone to violent outbursts is sent to a naval psychiatrist (Denzel Washington) for help. Refusing at first to open up, the young man eventually breaks down and reveals a horrific childhood during which he was abused in foster care. He searches for both his real family and foster one, to help mend the wounds that he has been suffering from.

    Watch the video: Ep. 106, Mother Nature Wins Again!


    1. Arajinn

      How can this be determined?

    2. Wyatt

      I cannot disagree with you.

    3. Desire

      Brilliant idea and timely

    Write a message