Edith ScStr- - History

Edith ScStr-  - History



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Edith

(ScStr: t. 400; l. 120'; b. 26'; dph. 14'; cpl. 26; a. 2 guns)
The first Edith, a screw steamer, was transferred from the War Department to the Navy under congressional legislation of 3 March 1849, and turned over to Commodore Thomas at Catesby Jones, Commander-in Chief of the Pacific Squadron, at San Francisco. On 16 June Lieutenant James McCormick was ordered to report on the condition of the steamer; subsequently, he was placed in temporary command with orders to transport representatives to the California State Constitutional Convention.
Edith departed Sausalito on 23 August 1849 en route to Santa Barbara, but encountered dense fog which made accurate observations impossible. On the morning of 24 August she grounded on an uninhabited part of the coast and was lost. A court of inquiry held in January 1850 exonerated her commander and his crew from any guilt.


EDITH

This Article is part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe (Earth-199999) - the universe that takes place within the MCU franchise. It is therefore regarded as Official and Canon Content , and is connected to all other MCU related subjects.

EDITH stands for Even Dead I’m The Hero. EDITH is an artificial intelligence, and is in the A.I. glasses created by Tony Stark. Sometime after the events of Avengers: Endgame, Tony Stark left them with Happy before his death for the next Iron Man. EDITH Appeared first in Avengers: Infinity War, he does not talk whatsoever, but does so in Spider Man: Far From Home, and has the ability to respond to Peter's commands.


Contents

After traveling back in time from the year 2267 through the sentient time portal known as the Guardian of Forever, Doctor Leonard McCoy made the acquaintance of Keeler, who took care of him while he was in a delusional state as the result of an accidental cordrazine overdose. Keeler was a strong and vocal pacifist and her ideas on space travel, new energy sources, and a peaceful society brought ridicule from those at the shelter.

Upon recovering, McCoy saved Keeler from dying in a traffic accident, unwittingly changing history. This resulted in the creation of an alternate timeline in which Keeler continued striving for her goals, and eventually founded one of the largest peace movements in the United States. Her actions finally attracted the attention of President Roosevelt, with whom she met on February 23, 1936, to confer on her plan of action for assisting the needy. By the late 1930s, the growing pacifism caused by actions Keeler set into motion delayed the United States' involvement in World War II, allowing Germany to complete its heavy water experiments and be first in the development of the atomic bomb. This, together with the V-2 rocket, enabled Germany to conquer the world.

In the future, Captain James T. Kirk and Commander Spock learned of this alteration to history from the Guardian, who told them that, due to McCoy's actions in the past, history had been altered and the Earth they knew no longer existed. Having no choice, Kirk and Spock opted to travel to the past through the Guardian's portal, hoping to undo the damage to history caused by McCoy.

Arriving at a point in time before McCoy's arrival, they met Edith Keeler, with whom Kirk quickly fell in love and the two began a relationship. Keeler also observed that Spock was a true and loyal friend who belonged at Kirk's side and that he always would be. Keeler mistakenly thought that Spock and Kirk had served together in World War I, and that was why Spock referred to Kirk as "captain." Being trapped in the past where money was still used, Kirk and Spock stole clothes from a fire escape and needed food to survive. Spock also needed to acquire electronic components to build a mechanism with which he could retrieve essential information from his tricorder. Keeler was able to secure work and living accommodations for both men. Upon reviewing tricorder data taken from the Guardian, Kirk and Spock learned that, in order to restore the timeline, Edith Keeler had to die. Reuniting with McCoy, Kirk made the heartbreaking decision of stopping him from saving Keeler from the traffic accident, ensuring her death and thus the restoration of the timeline. ( TOS : " The City on the Edge of Forever ")


Edith Roosevelt

Edith Roosevelt (1861-1948) was an American first lady (1901-09) and the second wife of Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States. Childhood sweehearts, the two were separated for a number of years before resuming their romance and marrying, two years after the tragic death of Theodore’s first wife, Alice. In 1901, the Roosevelts entered the White House, which Edith and Theodore quickly realized could not accomodate their large and boisterous young family. They secured permission and funding from Congress to extensively remodel the building, including construction of the new West Wing, which separated the private family quarters from the presidential offices for the first time.

The second child of Gertrude Elizabeth and Charles Carow, scion of a successful New York City-based shipping firm, Edith Kermit Carow was born into a world of privilege. She received an extensive education in writing, literature, languages and the arts, and learned the proper social behavior expected from a young woman of high society. But all was not rosy within the Carow household due to Charles’s drinking and gambling habits, and his sudden loss of income in the late 1860s forced the family to live with relatives for a few years. Deeply ashamed of her father’s failures, Edith later destroyed much of his surviving correspondence and records.

Edith was schooled in the Roosevelt household alongside the future president’s siblings, and accompanied the family on their summer trips to Oyster Bay, Long Island. Their frequent proximity fueled romantic sparks, though their relationship cooled after Roosevelt’s sophomore year at Harvard University, and he soon began his courtship of Alice Hathaway Lee. A year and a half after his first wife’s death, Roosevelt reconnected with Edith at a sister’s home. Engaged in November 1885, they agreed to keep their status a secret while Edith’s mother went through with plans to move the family to Europe. The Roosevelts finally tied the knot in London on Dec. 2, 1886.

She established a precedent by hiring the first federally-salaried White House social secretary to answer mail, convey news to the press and help run the household. Edith also honored her predecessors by hanging portraits of former first ladies a ground-floor corridor of the White House. From a policy standpoint, Edith’s most important contributions came via her private correspondence with Cecil Spring-Rice, a junior British ambassador who had been the best man at the Roosevelts’ wedding. Continually apprised of the ongoing Russo-Japanese War through his wife, the president negotiated an end to the conflict, for which he earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906.

The Roosevelts traveled extensively after leaving the White House in 1909, with Edith escorting her husband through several South American countries before his departure on an expedition into the Amazon jungle. Following the former president’s death in 1919, Edith continued her world tour by visiting Europe, South Africa, Asia, Hawaii and the West Indies, later recounting her experiences in the 1927 travelogue 𠇌leared for Strange Ports.” Edith also edited a history of her genealogy with her son Kermit and assisted the aging members of her husband’s “Rough Riders” contingent during those years.

Edith resurfaced in the public eye as an opponent of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1932 presidential campaign. A proud Republican, she chafed at what was misconceived to be a close relationship with her niece Eleanor’s husband, and spoke at a rally for the incumbent Herbert Hoover at New York’s Madison Square Garden that October. Edith eventually developed more respect for FDR and his New Deal policies, and maintained cordial relations with that branch of the family. She passed away on Sept. 30, 1948, at her longtime home in Oyster Bay.


Training Wheels

Edith is seen on her bike with Margo and Agnes when they hear an ice cream truck in the distance and says that she gonna got a double dip. While she and Margo head down the street with the other kids on their bikes, unaware that Agnes had fallen off her's. Edith is then amazed by Agnes and her new bike when comes out of the garage, before they continue riding down the road, the girls finally make it to the ice cream truck and the driver stops for them.

However just when their about to treat themselves too some ice cream, suddenly a robber comes out of a jewelry store and carjacks the truck, as he makes his getaway, Edith and the other kids are disappointed, then they all witness Agnes taking off after him on her bike-mortorcyle, Edith couldn't believe what she saw. She and Margo immediately go after Agnes on their bikes. Later, when Agnes stops the robber, Edith and Margo are amazed by the raining ice cream and cheers for Agnes, sometime after the girls are riding on their bikes again, they watch as Agnes' other bike transforms in a robotic suit and see her fly away in the sky, Edith responds by saying "Wow" as she and Margo are amazed once again by their little sister.


Death and Legacy

Piaf remained professionally active until the final years of her life, performing frequently in Paris between 1955 and 1962. In 1960, though aiming to retire, she had a resurgence of sorts with the recording of the Charles Dumont and Michel Vaucaire tune "Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien," which would become her latter day anthem. 

In April 1963, Piaf recorded her last song. With an array of health hardships over the years, ಝith Piaf died from liver failure at her French Riviera villa on October 10, 1963. (Other potential causes of death have been suggested as well.) She was 47. The archbishop of Paris denied requests for a Mass, citing Piaf’s irreligious lifestyle, but her funeral procession was nonetheless a massive undertaking attended by thousands of devotees. She is buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris next to her daughter Marcelle.

A lauded biopic on Piaf was released in 2007—La Vie en Rose, with French actress Marion Cotillardਊrdently embodying the singer and earning an Academy Award. The Knopf book No Regrets: The Life of Edith Piaf, by Carolyn Burke, was published in 2011. 

Plans to mark the centennial of Piaf&aposs birth in 2015 include a 350-track box set to be released by Parlophone and a major exhibition to be held at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. "The magic of Piaf is her repertoire that touches everyone,” said Joël Huthwohl, the head curator of the exhibit, in an interview with The Guardian. “She sang simple songs with lovely melodies that spoke to everyone at those important moments in their lives."


1. The nursing profession

The nursing profession was only a generation or two old when the First World War broke out. Until then nursing was dominated by nuns, who had little training, or by ‘dressers’ who often had no training. Britain led the way in proper training for nurses, and for many women nursing was their first taste of women’s liberation. Edith Cavell became part of an international movement to improve the standards of nursing when she was recruited as matron of a nursing school at Ixelles in Brussels in 1907 - the same year that the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry was founded in Britain.

2. Age limit on nurses serving overseas

After 1914 there was a rapid increase in the demand for nurses, with the British and French Red Cross leading the way. But there were many other nursing movements including the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD), which Mary Lindell joined. The age limit for service overseas was 23 years, but Mary wanted to do more and by going to France she was able to join the Société de Secours aux Blessés Militaires when only aged 19. Before she was 23, Mary was practising as an anaesthetist in a French field hospital close to the front line. She was in northern France when she heard of the murder of Edith Cavell.

3. Edith Cavell in the newspapers

At the start of the war, Edith had nursed Allied wounded, but when Belgium was overrun by the Germans she nursed Germans too. In defiance of German martial law, Edith began to shelter wounded British and French soldiers who had evaded capture, and young Belgians of military age. She joined the Belgian Resistance and helped these men escape into neutral Holland. Edith was arrested in August 1915 and, within a very short space of time, was court martialed and sentenced to death. Despite an international outcry which included strong representations by the neutral US government, she was executed by firing squad on 12 October 1915. One newspaper, describing it as ‘foul murder’, said, ‘the hearts of the nation will be stirred to the depths at this brave woman’s martyrdom at the hands of the arch-Hun who has fouled Europe with blood’. The same newspaper recorded that ‘a service at St Paul’s cathedral in memory of the martyred nurse Edith Cavell was one of the most striking and impressive tributes that the nation has ever paid within the walls of the national sanctuary’.

4. State funeral

The death of a woman under such circumstances caused a wave of revulsion throughout the civilised world. Besides the memorial service in St Paul’s, Edith Cavell was the first female commoner to be given a state funeral at Westminster Abbey, an honour she shares with Princess Diana and ex-Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.

5. Railway Van No. 132

The bodies of Edith Cavell, Captain Charles Fryatt and of the Unknown Warrior, were each brought to London in the same railway van, No. 132, which is now preserved by the Kent and East Sussex Railway.

6. An English Saint?

There are dozens of memorials to Edith Cavell - in Belgium, in France and throughout the English-speaking world including hospitals and schools and there is even a mountain named after her! Edith's life is also celebrated in music, from a Catholic mass to recent folk music. The Church of England, which does not make saints, created the unusual honour of an Edith Cavell Day, 12 October, which she shares with the prison reformer Elizabeth Fry (d. 1845) and the missionary Bishop Wilfrid of Ripon (d. 709).

7. Films about Edith Cavell

A short Belgian film of her funeral in 1915 achieved worldwide distribution, and a silent movie was made in Australia in 1916 about her. The Woman the Germans Shot was a 1918 American silent movie based on the life and career of Nurse Edith Cavell.

Herbert Wilcox made two films about Edith Cavell. The first was Dawn, a 1928 silent movie which starred one of the leading actresses of her day, Sybil Thorndike, as Edith. It became one of the most controversial British films of the 1920s: pressure was exerted by the German ambassador in London and the British Foreign Secretary to prevent the film being passed for exhibition and it was censored because of its ‘brutal depiction’ of warfare and anti-German sentiments.

Wilcox returned to the subject in 1939, this time in a ‘talkie’, Nurse Edith Cavell, with the beautiful Anna Neagle as the protagonist and made in association with RKO Radio Pictures in the USA. This highly-acclaimed film was nominated at the 1939 Oscars for Best Original Score, and its release in America and in Europe on the eve of the Second War World had a significant impact on audiences.

8. The image of Edith Cavell was strong - even among men

In October 1940, two stragglers from the British army’s defeat at St Valery-en-Caux in Normandy reached Paris. They were Captain D. B. Lang, Adjutant 4 th Battalion, Queens Own Cameron Highlanders, 51st (Highland) Division and Second Lieutenant John Buckingham. They sought help at the American embassy but were told that they ‘could no longer help us, financially or otherwise. The Germans were tightening things up and they [the Americans] dare not run any risks’. Lang went away ‘almost in despair … but returned the next day in the hopes of something’. Lang was lucky and he was introduced to Kitty Bonnefous, who, along with Etta Shiber was running an escape-line and who he reported ‘was very willing to help us, she was another Edith Cavell who would stop at nothing to help the British reach unoccupied France’.

9. Scotland’s own Edith Cavell

Mary-Helen Young trained as a nurse in London and worked in a hospital in France during the First World War. She became a private nurse and was in Paris when the Germans took the city. As a Briton, she was interned during the general round-up of aliens in 1940 but released about six months later, presumably on grounds of her age (she was nearly 60). In the interwar years, Mary-Helen had visited her hometown in Scotland, the last time being for three months in 1938, and now she had an opportunity to leave France altogether. However, for whatever reason, she never applied for the necessary exit papers. She did send cryptic postcards to her sister in Scotland. One dated November 1943 simply read, ‘From Marie-Hélène who is well and sends her love’. This card was probably sent when she was already under arrest for a second time, accused of helping downed airman to evade capture by the Germans. Mary-Helen died in the notorious Jugendlager at Ravensbrück sometime in early 1945. After the Second World War the Aberdeen Press and Journal learned that Mary-Helen had ‘died as she lived, a brave Scotswoman’. The newspaper proudly acclaimed her as Scotland’s very own Edith Cavell - ‘Right up to the very end nothing could break her. She would smile, even in this hell that the Germans had made for us, she was a brave woman, the bravest of the brave’.

10. Edith Cavell and Mary Lindell

Edith’s hospital in Brussels had been overrun by the Germans in the First World War, when Mary was a 20-year old nurse at a French Red Cross hospital in northern France. Mary’s Paris fell under German occupation in 1940 when Mary was nearly the same age as Edith had been when she was executed. Mary – whose girlhood memory of Edith’s martyrdom was reinforced by the release of Wilcox’s 1939 film – frequently summoned the image of the martyred nurse. When setting up her escape-line Mary claimed: ‘What gave me the idea that something was to be done was what Edith Cavell had done in the last war, was necessary and had to be done in this war. Who? There was nobody in Paris, or nobody who could do it, so I said there you are, darling, you are to do it’.


Calls for more recognition

Supplied: State Library of WA

In Perth, Edith Cowan University is named after Cowan and she features on Australia's $50 note.

But in her home town, Geraldton, the only tribute to the woman who paved the way for so many others is a small park outside the police station called "Edith Cowan Square".

Mrs Stinson said she deserved more than a square, which is the favoured site for protests and activism.

"All my life, Edith Cowan has been one of my heroes," she said.

"There is very little around Geraldton to acknowledge her. There are people who have done a lot less who are so well known. Iɽ like to see something significant placed in Geraldton."


Edith Crawley and Michael Gregson

Edith Crawley and Michael Gregson had first met in London, where Edith was requested by Michael several times to write for The Sketch magazine publishing company in 1920. Although hesitant at first, she decided to accept and the two went out to lunch on their first date at the Rules. Some days later, Edith was hurt and repulsed to discover that Michael was, in fact, married and that he had been romantically flirting with her during their lunch date. Finding this "wholly repugnant," Edith offered her resignation but Michael explained that his wife (whom he had loved very much) was mentally ill and had been placed in an asylum for some years. As a lunatic was not deemed responsible, he was unable to divorce her and was therefore tied to a madwoman, who does not even know who he is, for the rest of his life. Edith then decided to remain as she felt sympathy towards Michael and his difficulties.

2012 Christmas Special

One year later, Edith and Michael had met again at Duneagle Castle. Although delighted to introduce her new sweetheart to her family, Edith asked why he had really come. He admitted that by knowing her family a little, they could grow to like him, so that he would then ask Edith's for hand. While touched, Edith could not see a happy ending in marrying an editor with no high class. Before leaving, they shared a warm kiss.

They again met at a house party, where Michael was one of the players at Poker. Realizing Sampson's vile, cheating ways to gain all of the winnings himself, Michael persuaded him to hand them all over or else he, Michael, would tell Lord Grantham. He then gave the money to Robert, who thought that he had behaved in a way that was "rather quite gentlemanly."

Some days later, Michael revealed to Edith that he had an idea to divorce his mad wife by becoming a German citizen and finding out what was involved by moving to Munich. That night, at Michel's literally party, Edith admitted how touched she was at such lengths he would go in order to legally marry her, as the nation hated those who consisted to be German, and was worried how he would take people hating him for it, but assured him that she would love him more than ever. He then gave Edith some papers to sign, which would give her authority over his legal affairs while he was away. At the Rules, Edith enjoyed spending time with Michael as much as she could before he would leave for Germany in a few weeks. Expressing that she would miss very much, she requested that kiss her, which he did.They then stayed all night at his flat and made love for the first time for several hours.

A few months had gone since Michael's departure for Munich, Germany, where he was eventually reported as missing. Edith was especially worried for his safety and expressed deep concern as to why he would not answer her calls. Some days later, she received word from Dr Clarkson that she was, in fact, pregnant with Michael's child. With no one else to turn to, she confided her secret to her aunt Rosamund, as she knew that her parents would never accept that she would be mother of a bastard child. Thinking that she had no choice, Edith went to the alternative of an abortion. She admitted that she still loves Michael and would have loved his baby. She soon came to realize that going though with the abortion was a mistake. Rosamund is certain there is way forward for both her and the baby.

The London Season

One year later, in 1923, Edith had returned from Geneva, Switzerland, and has secretly given birth to Michael's child a daughter whom she had given up for adoption to the Schroeder family.


Learn something about history … and Edith too

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. &mdash Laguna Pueblo native Edith Marmon may not have been the most prominent member of her pioneering family, but the streets of Albuquerque have immortalized her.

It’s for her that the well-traveled Edith Boulevard was named. A block east, Walter Street was named for her half-brother, but has remained primarily a residential road. Walter was married to renowned and revered educator Susie Rayos Marmon, the namesake of an Albuquerque elementary school.

Edith Marmon as a young girl in traditional garb.

Edith Marmon’s father, Robert G. Marmon, named the street in the late 1800s. He was an engineer and surveyor who followed his older brother Walter G. Marmon from Ohio to settle on the Laguna Pueblo. Edith’s father and her uncle Walter were responsible for helping plot out Albuquerque after the arrival of the railroad.

The Marmon brothers assimilated into the Laguna tribe, marrying Laguna women. Robert was the first white man to serve as governor of the Pueblo according to family history. His brother Walter would also become governor. It is sometimes mistakenly reported that Walter G. Marmon was Edith’s father, but family records and newspaper clippings show that Robert G. Marmon sired both Edith and Walter K. Marmon.

Edith was born on the pueblo in 1889 and her mother Agness Analla died two years later. She was raised by her father’s second wife Marie Marmon, whose maiden name was also Analla and was possibly the sister of Agness.

Records show Edith attended Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, for five years, arriving in 1897 at the age of 8. The school was the flagship Indian boarding school from 1879 to 1918 with more than a hundred tribes sending their children there. Boarding schools of that era have since been condemned for trying to mute and sometimes even erase the Native culture of their students.

Edith married John Trevor Evans in 1914, on the Laguna Pueblo. The marriage was announced in a Sept. 18, 1914, article in the Santa Fe New Mexican.

“Miss Marmon formerly lived in Santa Fe where she was stenographer in the office of the attorney general,” the article said. “She is very popular here and an unusually attractive young lady.”

The marital bliss did not last. The two divorced in 1930. A 1932 newspaper notice shows that Edith took her ex-husband to court for failure to pay the $50 a month child support for their three children. He claimed he was unemployed and not able to pay the money.

Edith Boulevard started as a small residential street east of the railroad tracks in what would become the Huning Highland Historic District south of Central and west of Interstate 25. An 1886 map of the city, shows Edith Boulevard spanning from Tijeras Avenue south to Iron Avenue.

The San Ignacio Catholic Church provides a backdrop for the intersection of Edith Boulevard and Kinley Avenue.

Just three years later, a map shows the road was extended even further south.

The Edith Boulevard of today was once a group of disjointed roads, including La Ladera, Camino de la Ladera, Las Lomas, Bernalillo Road and Santa Barbara Road in Martineztown. Some even contend it was part of El Camino Real, a famous road used by merchants and others who were traveling from Mexico City to northern New Mexico.

A sweeping renaming and realigning of Albuquerque streets in 1952 transformed Edith Boulevard, giving it the same name for its entire route. Old homes, some lovingly maintained, still line the road as do industrial and commercial businesses.

Other prominent members of the Marmon family are Edith Marmon’s great-niece novelist and poet Leslie Marmon Silko and her father (Edith’s nephew) famous photographer Lee Marmon, 94, who still lives on Laguna Pueblo. In a recent phone interview, Lee Marmon recalled his aunt Edith. He said he never discussed the street bearing her name but anytime he travels on the road, he thinks of her.

“I never thought to ask her what she thought having a street named after her,” he said. “She was a wonderful person. … Edith was very smart, very sharp and very kind.”

Kindness, Marmon said, was something his grandfather (Edith’s dad) always stressed.

“It’s too bad Edith didn’t get more publicity,” he said.

Edith worked for more than two decades at the Veterans Administration and spent much of her adult life living in Albuquerque at 1123 Forrester Ave. NW. She faded into obscurity at the end of her life. There doesn’t even seem to be an obituary marking her 1960 death but Edith lives on every time the rubber meets the road.

Curious about how a town, street or building got its name? Email staff writer Elaine Briseño at [email protected] or 505-823-3965 as she continues the monthly journey in “What’s in a Name?”

Editor’s note: The Journal continues “What’s in a Name?,” a twice a month column in which staff writer Elaine Briseño will give a short history of how places in New Mexico got their names.


Albuquerque Journal and its reporters are committed to telling the stories of our community.


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