The Enigmatic Ancient Royal Game of Ur – Will We Ever Understand It?

The Enigmatic Ancient Royal Game of Ur – Will We Ever Understand It?

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The Royal Game of Ur (known also as the Game of Twenty Squares) is a board game from ancient Mesopotamia. This two-player game is one of the oldest known board games and was immensely popular in the ancient world. This is evident in the fact that different versions of the game existed in many Mediterranean and Middle Eastern civilizations. Over 100 examples of the game have been found archaeologically, though the best-known examples are from the Royal Cemetery of Ur, from which the game derived its name.

The ruins of Ur, with the Ziggurat of Ur visible in the background. (M.Lubinski / CC BY-SA 2.0 )

Where Was the Game First Discovered?

Between 1922 and 1934, the English archaeologist, Sir Charles Leonard Woolley, conducted excavations at the Royal Cemetery of Ur. The excavations unearthed numerous artifacts of great significance, among which were a number of game boards dating to the First Dynasty of Ur, i.e. around 2600 BC. Two of the boards were reproduced as images in Woolley’s book, Ur: The First Phases . Based on the site where these boards were located, Woolley dubbed them as the Royal Game of Ur.

Queen Puabi's Cylinder Seal – several artifacts were discovered at the Royal Cemetery of Ur. (Nic McPhee / CC BY-SA 2.0 )

What Were the Characteristics of the Game Board?

The game boards discovered by Woolley were made of various materials. The most iconic one is a simple board made of wood. The face of the board contains 20 variously inlaid square shell plaques, hence the game’s other name, the Game of Twenty Squares. The squares are divided into three areas – an area of three by four squares, an area of three by two squares, and a bridge of one by two squares connecting the two areas. The back of the board is decorated with three lines of shell triangular ornamental inlays. The edges of the board are made of small plaques and strips, some sculpted with an eye, while others possibly with rosettes. This board is currently on display in the British Museum.

Royal Game of Ur displayed at the British Museum circa 2600 BC, the oldest set of board gaming equipment ever found. ( Jez Nicholson / CC BY-SA 2.0 )

What Were the Rules of the Game?

It is not entirely clear as to how the Royal Game of Ur was originally played and several sets of rules have been reconstructed. Prior to Woolley’s excavations at Ur, a cuneiform tablet was discovered in Iraq in 1880 (though only rediscovered in recent times). The tablet was written by Itti-Marduk-balatu, a Babylonian scribe, in 177/6 BC and contains some useful information regarding the game. The tablet provides the names of the pawns, one of the dice, as well as some details about the throws. Each player had five different pawns (incidentally, the game board in the British Museum has seven pawns per player) and a special throw was required for their placement at the beginning of the game. Five of the squares on the board contain rosettes, and Itti-Marduk-balatu’s tablet states that these squares are considered to be lucky, and pawns that landed on such squares receive an advantage.

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Cuneiform tablet showing the rules of Ur. (Fae / CC BY-SA 3.0 )

The Path Remains Unclear

Unfortunately, the tablet does not provide information about the path that the pawns ought to be taking on the board. Game historians have tried to solve this problem by suggesting their own game paths. With no further clues available it is unclear which of these paths, if any, was the one used by the ancient Mesopotamian players.

On Left – Diagram showing the most likely direction in which the players race to move their pieces off the board, with "safe" spaces shown in blue and "combat" spaces shown in green; On Right – Game Path less likely, but possible, course in which the players double back over four squares of the middle section, thus making the game longer. (Left, Public Domain ; Right, CC BY-SA )

Popular But Was It Boring?

One of the observations made by scholars regarding Itti-Marduk-balatu’s tablet is that the rules provided made the game rather boring and not challenging enough for the players. Be that as it may, the archaeological evidence suggests that the game was popular, not only in Mesopotamia, but also in the surrounding regions. In Egypt, for example, boards for a game called Aseb have been discovered, while boards for a game similar to the Royal Game of Ur have been unearthed at the ancient Persian sites of Jiroft and Shahr-i Sokhta. Like its Mesopotamian counterpart, the Aseb game board has 20 squares, though these (i.e. the squares) are much less ornamented. It has therefore been suggested that the rules for the two games are likely to be different.

Was Ur Used to Predict the Future?

Finally, it may be pointed out that while people today perceive board games mainly as a form of entertainment, it may have been different for the players of the Royal Game of Ur. It has been suggested that the players also used the board game to predict their future, and that the events in the game were thought to contain messages from the gods or other supernatural beings.

A graffito of the Royal Game of Ur on a colossus statue from the 8th century BC. (Jack 1956 / CC BY-SA 3.0 )

SUSTAIN – Game-Based Learning on Urban Sustainability

Interactive “boardgame-based” learning environments for decision-makers’ training in managerial education

Stefano Armenia 1* , Federico Barnabé 2 , Natalia Ciobanu 3 , Michalina Kulakowska 4

1 Link Campus University, Rome, Italia
2 Università degli Studi di Siena, Siena, Italia
3 Society for Responsible Consumption, Gura-Humorului, Romania
4 Stowarzyszenie Centrum Rozwiazan Systemowych (Centre for Systems Solutions), Wroclaw, Poland

You can also download the pdf file here.

1. Rationale

Managers and policymakers at all levels have to take decisions in complex dynamic environments and to face grand challenges on a daily basis (Forrester, 1961). The speed at which our world is faring increases at every moment. The need to adopt long term horizons, as well as the necessity of involving many stakeholders into decision processes are only a few of the factors that increase decision complexity in such a contingency (Vennix, 1996). As a consequence, a wide range of approaches and techniques to support decision-makers have appeared over time. Such approaches include a continuum that spans from meeting facilitation techniques to formal simulation models, from internal organisational learning to external consultancy assistance. Now the ground is also pretty fertile for bringing back into professional education the practice and culture of board games as learning tools for decision-makers and managers, at the same time also improving it.

2. Games: an already serious learning environment

Among countless techniques to support managers and decision-makers, the last 30 years saw an incredible development of IT capabilities that ultimately allowed to build computer-aided training environments. However, the history has also seen non-digital tools, such as chess, to learn about making strategic decisions. Initially, these tools were named according to a rich nomenclature: microworlds, business simulations and serious games. The latter was borrowed mainly from the defence sector, where it had been primarily developed to train specialized troops for quicker reactions in rapidly changing environments. “Serious games” soon became a very popular way of calling most kinds of professional training environments.

According to the scientific literature on this topic, a “serious game” pursues a serious purpose it is developed with a primary focus other than entertainment (Barnabé, Giorgino, Guercini & Bianciardi, 2017). Other authors closely follow this perspective as well (e.g., Crookall, 2010 Neill, 2009).

We have been challenging the use of the term “serious game” already multiple times. In order to delve into the rationale details for such a criticism, it is worth noting that the English noun “game” does not probably help in making justice to this concept, whereas the adjective “ludic” (i.e. playful) instead does. “Ludic” is in fact an adjective associated to the Latin word “ludus”, a name of a place that was used by gladiators and legionaries in ancient Rome for exercising when preparing for a fight. More specifically, this was the place where battle simulations were held. Consequently, the “ludus” had a very serious connotation, because the success of the training tha Gladiators were undergoing depended on how realistic (and possibly harmless) the “simulations” were going to be. And the success in staying alive depended greatly on the learning process in those simulations, too! Therefore, we believe that putting the word “serious” close to “game” would not be entirely correct. The main argument for such a criticism is based on the fact that the term “game” in itself underlines a very serious idea. Hence, “serious game” uses twice the same concept of “seriousness”, which ultimately makes for a dittology (we could even say a tautology). We argue that the use of “serious” undermines (some could even say that it “offends”) the already very serious nature of gaming. Instead, we have proposed the use of Interactive Learning Environments (ILEs), as also shown in a number of previous works on this subject (e.g., Armenia, Barnabè, Pompei & Scolozzi, 2019).

In brief, Interactive Learning Environments are learning laboratories that help to sustain processes of learning not achievable in real life. Providing free risk and safe environments where the participants (i.e., the players) users interact each with other and all of them together with the underlying business game (Kolb, 1984), ILES allow facing complex business problems, developing shared policies, revealing and testing mental models and, last but not least, speeding up knowledge sharing and knowledge acquisition (Ford and Sterman, 1998).

3. The renaissance of Board Games

A board game is an example of an ILE. It belongs to the class of games that are played on a flat surface, as is the case of the well-known game of chess. In this context, for the sake of simplicity and to mimic common terminology usage, boardgame is used as a broad term that includes all tabletop games. Boardgames involve counters (or “pieces”) moved or placed on a pre-marked surface (or “board”) according to a set of rules. However, a boardgame does not necessarily need to be based on a physical board, as it happens with card-driven games, for example. Some games are based on pure strategy, some may contain an element of chance, while some others are driven by chance alone, requiring no skills at all. What they all have in common is the idea of a goal that players aim to achieve. Early boardgames represented a battle between two armies, and most modern boardgames are still based on trying to defeat the opponent(s) in terms of counters: winning position(s) or accruing points. Those involving strategic or tactical combat are named “wargames”.

Figure 2. The ancient Royal Gameof Ur, known also as the Game of Twenty Squares 2

Board games have been played, have travelled throughout history and evolved in most cultures and societies. A number of important historical sites revealed artefacts and documents that today shed light on such early board games, as Jiroft 1, 2 civilization game boards in ancient Mesopotamia
(nowadays Iran and Iraq), or Senet 3 – found both in Predynastic and First Dynasty burials of Egypt, c. 3500 BC and 3100 BC respectively. The latter is the oldest boardgame known to have existed (Crist & Vaturi, 2014).

The late 1990s (and onwards) have seen a substantial growth in the reach and market share of board games (see Figure 3). This has been attributed, among other factors, to the growth of the internet, which has made it easier for people to find out about games and to find opponents to play against. At the same time, Internet has also limited their growth to some extent, due to the incredible success of online PC gaming and consoles. Nevertheless, the board gaming industry witnessed significant growth around the year 2000, with companies producing an ever-increasing number of new games sold to a growing worldwide audience (Figure 3).

Figure 3: The number of board games published by year (1944–2017), as listed on BoardGameGeek. Expansion sets for existing games are marked in orange (Source: BoardgameGeek).

In the 2010s, a number of publications referred to board games as having a new Golden Age or a “renaissance” (Smith, 2012), stating also that boardgames have seen a growth rate as high as 40% year over year. Since then, the phenomenon has quickly become one of Kickstarter’s most funded
project categories (Peter Attia, 2016, from Dicey Goblin 4 ). Boardgame venues are also growing in popularity: in 2016, over 5,000 board games opened in the U.S. alone (WTTW News).

4. Interactive Learning Environments are tools to learn about complex issues and to support decision-making

When talking about Managerial Education, it is pretty straightforward to include in the conversation the added value coming from Interactive Learning Environments (ILEs). These are generally developed in an attempt to make learning “more fun” through the use of media-based learning settings, such as digital games, board games, etc. When thinking of any other potential and more practical benefit in using these tools, we think such benefits are manifold, and cited research is only a part of the literature and experience confirming that.

In general, in comparison to traditional education approaches, ILEs aim at improving participants’ engagement, and thus facilitate learning (Gee, 2003 Shaffer, Halverson, Squire & Gee, 2005). For instance, ILEs aim to reduce the boredom in students at school by stimulating their participation in a playful manner, and hence providing a deeper understanding of the subject. Moreover, the use of ILEs has been recognised to deliver several additional positive effects, such as behavioural changes in participants, longer knowledge retention, and development of soft skills (Connolly et al., 2012 Wouters et al., 2013). These are considered more and more as being particularly useful in a world that demands well-developed horizontal competencies. Interestingly, as argued by Davidsen (2000), one peculiar use of ILEs is for research and validation. In this specific case, the purpose of ILE-based research and validation is “to identify the mental models governing human decision making and action in complex, dynamic domains. Consequently, we are using ILEs to find out what kind of information is being used and how that information is being applied when people make decisions and take action. Having done so, we may form hypotheses as to why people fail to succeed when operating in such domains” (Davidsen, 2000, p. 171). In this regard, evidence is still limited, and more research is advocated within the academic community.

Subsequently, given their ever more popular use, interactive learning environments have started to be developed in a wide variety of forms, including games as well: role-playing games, videogames, card-games, immersive virtual environments, etc. Hence, one of the forms in which ILEs have been developed takes the shape of the boardgame setting, which makes for a new class of interactive “boardgame-based” learning environments.

5. Board Games: a particularly attractive type of ILE

Looking at board games specifically, they are used for many purposes: teaching, training, experimentation, research validation, education, operations management, physical and/or psychological therapy. The scientific evidence available so far highlights the effectiveness of this type of interventions for various purposes and environments (De Freitas & Jarvis, 2007) (Meya & Eisenack, 2017) (Rumore et al, 2016) Notably, ILEs are effective learning environments if and when designed according to some fundamental learning principles, such as: learning from experience is considered very relevant for human development (Lewin, 1951 Kolb, 1984) learning occurs more easily when players are mentally active and challenged during the learning process (Barnabè, 2009 and 2016) deep learning (also named double loop learning, see Argyris and Schön, 1978) is more likely to occur through experimentation in a virtual world (Sterman, 2000) interacting with business games and models, players usually use their tacit knowledge and improve their skills and abilities thereby obtaining new knowledge quickly and for conditions not observable in real life (Vennix, 1996).

Certainly, the usage of this type of learning tools in research, as well as for educational purposes in various types of public/private organisations (e.g. business, governments, therapy, etc.) is continuously increasing (Ritterfeld, Cody & Vorderer, 2009).

The success of these games is due to their ability to showcase innovative and unusual activities for engaging participants, as well as to promote learning among them. In fact, an added value of board games contrasting with video gamers’ “loneliness” is that the former usually involve group sessions, which literature indicates as further improving learning outcomes (Lou, Abrami & d’Apollonia 2001).

Compared to other forms of interactive learning tools, board games offer easy and versatile settings for group learning activities though cooperative or competitive experiences. We use the word “easy” here to convey that it might be more time/costs-convenient to develop a board game than an elaborated video-game, without giving up important aspects of the game experience itself (e.g. shared activities, face to face interactions with peers, decreased boredom, etc.). “Versatile” means that they can be used in various sessions by diverse groups in different moments without increased costs or without losing their “learning” power.

The physical elements are also very important aspect of the board games. They make players feel more in control of their own actions in the rules-bound environment. Players can explore the presented world with their own hands discovering and trying out different solutions to the in-game problems. With the tangible elements, players have an easier time in grasping the process observed in the game, as well as the relation between what happened in the game with the real-life world (Bogost, 2008).

As mentioned above, the learning outcomes of using board games can be manifold: promoting shared learning experiences, development or strengthening of skills (e.g. negotiation, adaptability, cognitive in general), acquisition of specific knowledge, etc. Moreover, this innovative approach can also increase participants long-term engagement with an organisation. In this regard, the integration between simulation and gaming is today very advanced and the results that emerge from such an integration are very effective tools for, though not limited to, managerial education (Davidsen, 2000). More and more often, their development is based on formal models and scientific algorithms, which ultimately also drive the rules of the games. This contributes to the realism of the engine as well as to a new and different, but reliable and engaging, way of sharing the ideas and concepts behind such models with non-experts (Papathanasiou et al., 2019a) (Papathanasiou et al., 2019b).

It is also worth mentioning that the use of such realistic board games as learning environments for purposes beyond entertainment has been documented since the nineteenth century. Back then, “Sketches of the Rebellion” was produced to facilitate the Union cause during the civil war, and “Pank–Squit” game was used to promote democratic rights of women (Hidayatno et al., 2013). Since then, boardgames have been used for training, education and experimentation in many contexts:

  • Military (e.g. wargames5 to teach tactics, intelligence issues 6 ),
  • Schools and academia, research (e.g. the SUSTAIN Project, Harmoonia 7 , Red Vs Blue 8 , and others),
  • Communities (e.g. the RURITAGE 9 , the EDUCEN 10 and others)
  • Business and management (e.g. Beer game aimed at understanding how to govern and anticipate problems in a supply chain (Sterman, 1992), and many others.

More recently, because board games have been successfully used for training and supporting policymaking in complex environments (e.g. for the management of sustainable cities 11 , for promoting innovation policymaker to be more cooperative 12 , for cybersecurity, etc.), and board game-based learning has been spreading in other decision-making environments, as well. 13,14

6. Conclusions: bring back the fun into education in order to be more effective?

Learning can be both serious and fun, and playing can result in learning. This was known at the times when kings-to-be played Senet or Chess, and this is known by aviation trainees in flight simulators, players of wargames, and students that are given to play the SUSTAIN board game by their university professors in class.

In a manner similar to every other simulation environment, board games offer practical, convenient, consequence-free environments, in which it is possible to make decisions, experience their consequences, and explore different scenarios. In many cases, such as in that of SUSTAIN, board games are or can be based on robust scientific models.

An important outcome likely to emerge from the experience of playing such board games is the translation of complex notions into more concrete, tangible ones, which are easier for the game players to grasp. This can enhance learning, clarity of thoughts, communication abilities, critical thinking, and ultimately help the players understand complex issues pertaining to a specific field of knowledge or topic. Stated differently, boardgames can effectively support learners to acquire not only declarative knowledge -also named “knowledge-that”, i.e., knowledge about how the world or a part of it works in practice, but also procedural knowledge – also named knowledge-how”, i.e., the knowledge of how it is best to do something, such as performing a specific task (Nickols, 2000)

Furthermore, such game playing experience allows participants to explore and analyse situations that would be hard to experience in real life because of costs, time, and safety constraints (Squire, 2002).

For all the reasons enumerated above, and potentially for some others not covered in this paper, boardgames nowadays have the strong potential to be a relevant tool in all fields of learning and education. We also anticipate that they will be an increasingly important training tools, in particular for decision-makers and managers.

We therefore encourage the reader interested in adopting innovative training tools for their students, employees or colleagues to look through an exploratory lens into how such an approach can be adapted to their specific needs and context.

The Authors would like to thank Dr Giovanni Cunico (from the System Dynamics Italian Chapter – SYDIC) for his contribution to the preliminary research undergone before producing this paper.

The Royal Game Of Ur

This game dates back to 2600BC making it one of the oldest board games known to man at over 4500 years old and may be the predecessor to games like backgammon & Ludo. Ur was played in ancient Mesopotamia, and boards have been found in the Royal Tombs of Ur, ancient burial grounds and even the great pyramids.

The Royal Game of Ur is a two player board game, the player who gets all of their pieces around the board first wins.

Players take turns to roll the dice and move their pieces around the board. Only 1 piece is allowed in any square, if you land on a square with an opponents piece then you knock it off and it goes back to the start. If you land on a square with a rosette then you can roll the dice again and have another go.

We use 4 pyramid shaped dice with a white dot painted on one corner, giving possible rolls from 0 to 4.

You will soon pick it up, and with help on we'll show you the route around the board and valid moves.

This game was played all over the world by Kings and Queens, Princess and Pharaohs as well as paupers and peasants in many different cultures, naturally the rules vary slightly from culture to culture. With this in mind we provide the option of turning off the rules so counters can be placed anywhere and at any time, obvious the computer can't play under these conditions.

Settings screens allows choice of 3 different version of the game, Royal Pyramid Ur - 7 pieces, Mummy's tomb Ur - 5 Pieces and Sarcophagus Ur - 3 pieces for that extra quick baby game.

Have fun, learn the strategy and if you ever bump into an Egyptian mummy on a dark night just whip out your phone, start up the Royal Game of Ur and challenge it to a game :-)

Younger players (anybody less then say 3000 years old, it similar to ludo.

The Royal Game Of Ur

This game dates back to 2600BC making it one of the oldest board games known to man at over 4500 years old and may be the predecessor to games like backgammon & Ludo. Ur was played in ancient Mesopotamia, and boards have been found in the Royal Tombs of Ur, ancient burial grounds and even the great pyramids.

The Royal Game of Ur is a two player board game, the player who gets all of their pieces around the board first wins.

Players take turns to roll the dice and move their pieces around the board. Only 1 piece is allowed in any square, if you land on a square with an opponents piece then you knock it off and it goes back to the start. If you land on a square with a rosette then you can roll the dice again and have another go.

We use 4 pyramid shaped dice with a white dot painted on one corner, giving possible rolls from 0 to 4.

You will soon pick it up, and with help on we'll show you the route around the board and valid moves.

This game was played all over the world by Kings and Queens, Princess and Pharaohs as well as paupers and peasants in many different cultures, naturally the rules vary slightly from culture to culture. With this in mind we provide the option of turning off the rules so counters can be placed anywhere and at any time, obvious the computer can't play under these conditions.

Settings screens allows choice of 3 different version of the game, Royal Pyramid Ur - 7 pieces, Mummy's tomb Ur - 5 Pieces and Sarcophagus Ur - 3 pieces for that extra quick baby game.

Have fun, learn the strategy and if you ever bump into an Egyptian mummy on a dark night just whip out your phone, start up the Royal Game of Ur and challenge it to a game :-)

Younger players (anybody less then say 3000 years old, it similar to ludo.

If you were paying attention, you might not be posing such outlandish inquiry’s. But, I guess when you profit from sensationalistic bullshit, it makes sense that you would sweep the truth under the rug.

I have a series of postings on this site that explain who I am and clearly state how as an dynastic avatar of the House of Anjou, I am the end of a line of blue blooded first born sons that extends back over 5,000 years.

If you had understanding, you would know that “nephilim” does not translate as “giant” but instead means “man of renown” and that the other of these avatars that did not possess the understanding of their immortal status and remained unrealized, include amongst them, the likes of Winston Churchill, napoleon II, teddy Roosevelt, JFK, and JFK Jr. Adelai Stevenson, Erwin Rommel, Jacques de molay, oliver hazard perry as well as Noah, Moses, Enoch, Abraham.

The last true “Son of Seth” to have “realization of self” was grandsire bhishma patimah over 26,000 years ago, in the last battle of good and evil to end the age, the battle of the Mahabharata. If you doubt that bhishma was an avatar, search his picture, and understand that he laid there for fifty seven days like that.

Both bhishma and oliver hazard perry were epic enough to have a siege engine named in their honor.

I am a direct descendant of Perry, in that 5,000 year long line of first born sons that carry the true blue blood.

If you check some of the answers that I have posted on this site, you may understand that I am the true and real “biblical” prophet for the end of the age of man, and possess a open communication with the God that you say your prayers to.

On top of that, I have solve more of the eternal conundrums that man has posed, than Plato and Socrates combined.

But, I understand that its not in your interest to have the answers, because you just pose questions that you consider unanswerable.

By the way, to answer your unanswerable question.

A positive. Not RH negative.

Have you sought psychiatric care for your delusions? Because you are deluded. Of course, what else would one expect from a lowly RH positive?

Darren Johnson, I am the first person to stand up and tell you that its all crazier then a submarine with a screen door, but I am absolutely positive it all really happening.

I am not insane, but I do reside in a crazy world.

Let me lend you some more knowledge that will push me right over the edge in your mind, until the reality I’m going to relate to you, suddenly is in your reality.

I am the true “biblical” Prophet for the end of the Kali Yuga, or the Age of Man.

I am also the prophet for the impending Battle of the Armageddon.

I am also the individual that will bring the church and their strangle hold on the innocent “Christians”.

Did you know that the bible is backwards, Darren? There was a relevant mythology that the framers at the council of Nicea did not understand and subsequently neglected to include, that renders the entire primary canon of the church, completely in reverse, with the prophetic representation of the Beatles is actually in reverse as well.

The opposite of yellow is blue.

The opposite of submarine is flying machine.

In the stand alone prophetic foretelling of the battle of the Armageddon, the Wizard of Oz, The CIA is represented as the malevolent flying monkeys, the Antichrist is represented as the wicked Witch of the West. The scarecrow, tin man, and cowardly lion are representitive of the New World Order.

“Over the rainbow” is actually about the giant invisible cages the CIA has constructed over many towns and cities here in Babylon. Not just here, but all over the world. The cages become visible to the camera lens when the sun gets below the 49° angle of refraction, and return a spectral or rainbow hue to lens of the camera.

They are flying monkeys are flying in giant hydrogen filled rafts that are rendered invisible with Phased Array Optics, the Twenty first century camouflage that basically puts whoever dons it, in to the 5th dimension.

In a different prophetic telling of this hootanany from hell, the bible, they are represented an the “watchers” in the book of Revelation.

In a different stand alone prophetic foretelling, they are the blue meanies, with their “incredible flying glove”, the NWO is embodied by the mini Meanie’s, and I am the Nowhere Man.

The nowhere man is not human, he has a covering of brown fur, with a man mask. He represents what a nephilim actually appears as. (The SEALS have images of me in such a state. )

His initials are J.B. and he is Jeremy BooB, PhuD. There is a reference to him painting a blank canvas, which is paradying that I quote kerouac , especially that quote regarding the world being a blank canvas. Well documented on the web.

The big blue psycho horse sculpture at Denver International is “Henry the horse, that dances the waltz”.

The “sea of holes” is representational of the some 47,000 miles of tunnels the CIA has bored under the lower forty eight. Including a high speed mag Lev train between Edwards air force base and Langley Virginia. There is a subterranean base in northern California that is a 1000 square miles, under the Sutter buttes, and the adjacent wildlife area. It is 10吆 miles by ten levels deep.

This is one of the lessons the US military took from the Vietcong in the first war in Viet nam.

The NWO has plundered the worlds riches with their TBMs, that have onboard nuclear power plants and actually heat up on the exterior to 4000° and fuse the surrounding strata, leaving the tunnels glass lined.

The tunnels are actually also represented in another apocraphyl prophetic text, the book of Enoch. They are the source of the once common notion of “hell” as “fiery bottomless pit of eternal damnation” from Enoch’s seeing the army of darkness tossing bodies into one they were using as a pyre.

Yes, there’s that many tunnels.

Ready to kick it up another notch?

The Battle of the Armageddon is not in the middle east. Enoch clearly and concisely relates that Babylon is the state of California, and the darkness that will be had by the world has multiple levels of understanding.

The fire whence Babylon burns, will blackout, or actually green out the sun for three full years.

They will attempt to split the state in two, by detonating three nuclear devices along the San Andreas fault line, one minute apart.

The CIA will detonate a nuclear device on the moon, in an effort to keep the Chinese from building an observation deck there on the back side, to watch for the comet, that is thirty miles wide, and will impact in equatorial amazonia in the blink of a geologic eye.

The idiot CIA actually over does it and blows the moon in two, and the half of it that doesn’t stay aloft, will slowly fall to earth. It will fall to earth in either the rockies or Sierras and will take the lives of 660 or so, individuals. A relativly small sum when you consider the potential. It is half the Moon, albeit the small half.

There’s the flesh eating termites from space, that eat absolutely everything but stone. This is represented in the murals at DIA, which is the NWOs visual manifesto., by the uncomprimised bricks in the first mural while everything else is destroyed in the mural.

Oh! The cages over the cities and towns of the world are also represented in the murals, as the rainbow over all of the murals, TT begins as a whisp of smoke in the first mural.

The plasticultured silicone material is manufactured in a similar process.

As for the moon, I am sure you have understanding of the implication of such an action. Our cosmic counterbalance suddenly half of its mass.

While it will be some time before

On the brighter side, Darren, I did check your Akashic record, and you currently possess both the understanding and a karmic account that is in the green.

You have earned yourself an ascension, when it is your time to check out. You possess the requisite understanding to make it over the wall and to the lighted room.

Oh, that’s another thing. When the final tally is taken, I will be responsible for giving millions of people the understanding to Ascend.

Dude, the thing is, I barely scratched the surface.

Oh! Understanding the bible is backwards, that I am the seven headed beast that rises out of the sea, and has blasphemy written across his seven foreheads. I get my power from the dragon.

There is another prophetic foretelling that is focused on the mythology of this dynastic avatar, and that’s star wars, where I am a creature of light. I’m Luke.

The Arthurian legend, robin hood, harry potter, lord of the rings,

The entire discography of led Zeppelin, XTC, Killing joke, red hot chilli peppers, the Ramones, and several other band all is prophecy,

I am Peter pumkinhead. My greatest achievement.

I am the Scissor Man. The song talks about the work I do for the Army of Love and Light. The song represents that I have taken upwards of 2000 NWO troops off the field of battle without firing a shot,

They are all scars that will not ever heal, and in their future, they will be subject to relapsing suddenly if they hear certain sounds. Without warning. This episodic relapse may entail instantaneous projectile vomiting.

I fucked those kids up seriously, but they all lived to see another.

The thing is in both yellow submarine and wizard of Oz, both, the minimeanies are always behind the nowhere man, and I am between the two meanies.

On the yellow brick road, the lion, tin man and scarecrow, am accompany her but really not friends, but Dorothy almost has the three of them gushing for getting to the emerald city.

The flying monkeys are intimidating but ineffectual in the big picture. They kind of disappear when the witch “OF THE WEST” Isnt California the west?

The Wizard is representing of the Greek god of the river Styx.

Any the true star of the movie, Toto, representing the great Creator. How, I have access to the akashic record, and the rest of all seeing all knowing.

Anyway, consider Toto is always close by, never bothers anyone, doesn’t get in to anyone’s business, but comes right away if he is call.

That is the way the Old Man does business.

There’s a bunch more I could relate. The children that chase lost voices, Agatha prophecy,

I didn’t ask for any of it.

But know I can’t get out of it.

You will come to understand the reality that I relate to you is yours.

Two thirds of the world population will not see the other end of the coming darkness.

Brought to you by the flying monkeys.

It is a crazy world, Darren.

I was just standing too close to the big picture. Suddenly, I was in it.

Impressive… either you are a writer or else you need serious mental health care… possibly both.

Sir, I’m going to take that as a compliment. The “writer” remark.

Do you think it mere coincidence that the “wizard of Oz, AND ” yellow submarine” both happen to mesh right in to my big picture psychotic visions?

I am not currently in need of any psychotropic medication, and while I do appreciate a valid and challenging discussion with a member of the head shrinking community, I find that sooner or later, you’ve got them crying on your shoulder about their emotional issues and uddenly the foots on the other shoe.

And those were the professionals with understanding.

Darren, I couldn’t think up all that story, or stories. And that it just meshes perfectly with the other prophecy.

I didn’t even get to the rest of Enoch’s foretelling us not only the location but the darkness is brought to us by the “accursed of the accursed for ever that sleep in the dust”

The “accursed” reside in the “Accursed valley, that lies between the lofty trees.

The “lofty trees” are the Sierras and the Rockies.

All those provisions that our Mormon neighbors have been stocking up on and paying too much attention to in the big picture for far too long, yeah well the time will soon be upon them to finally have something to eat out of the stored supply.

Here’s another bit of understanding.

Everyplace the Mormons have landed and suddenly decided they had found the land of milk and honey.

That same thing has happened four times. Three out of four of them have led to the Missouri Mormon war, The Illinois Mormon war, The Montana Mormon war, not to mention they went into the accursed valley “heavy”, when they went in to salt lake valley.

Then there was the mountain meadow massacre. They killed over a hundred men women and children.

The governor of Missouri during the morman seige signed executive order #44, which allowed the Mormons be shot on sight. It stayed on the lawbooks until the mid 1970s.

The accursed of the accursed are trouble mongers, that have seethed anger since each one of their malevolent forays into trouble, about getting their asses handed to them.

This time, they actually did find what they were looking for. That’s why they’re fomenting the impending battle.

They are going to make another attempt to wrest the land from its right full owners. Like I said, this time they have found the true Garden of Eden. Ironically, after the Old Man gave Eve the boot, and Adam followed his girl. He was welcome to stay but went with her. (I’d tell you about it, but not so germaine, into it, but basically it has nothing to do with them falling from grace, it was that she refused to stay away from the “tree of knowledge” which wasn’t an apple. It was a variety of acai)

Anyway, the garden of eden was basically no longer the high rent district of eden, so he reopened it as California’s “hell”.

Hell isn’t about eternal damnation, its also about finding understanding, but with me minded individuals.

Hell is about high prices and low wages. Its about bad traffic patterns and roads that change names multiple times and lots of dead ends. Its a place where all the parking spaces are small and everyone drives a big truck.

There’s one in every state. And countries that don’t have states or Provence’s, like England. England’s hell is London.

Here, its Chico, and just so you can understand a bit more. Tucson, reno, el paso, Spokane, buffalo, Scranton, Tampa, Selma, Honolulu, Fargo, Indianapolis, Langley, Macon, little rock, Detroit, Truth or Consequences, and on and on. Oh, the entire state of Alaska qualifies as hell. The people that go find themselves any place in Alaska, have been sent to hell.

You have to have an accrued a 2000 life debt on their karmic account, if you are sent to hell. If you’re born in hell, you’re a solid 10,000 lives in debt, most of the time.

My point is, the Mormons are going to steal what is a fairly distressed property, but in oh so big picture kind of way. Its not visible on the surface.

Enoch is not the only on that tells us about Babylon,

The entire discography of several musical groups are prophecy telling us about the big picture. Led zeppelin, the battle of evermore, and their “Going to California”. The angel that is falling on their albums, that’s me.

Led zeppelin is big picture because the prophecy called “Agatha” has to do with Quetzalcoatl, who must reconcile himself to the cosmos one memory at a time, by singing each one as a song as he ascends the ” stairway to heaven”

There are so many bands whose music is included under the Agatha umbrella the it is astounding to ponder.

From johnny cash to the sex pistols. Ironically, they all seem to understand who I am from a little bit different viewpoint. I am zeppelins “black dog”, REMs “monster”, the who knew that I could see for miles, which is the representation of whole “prophet” thing. Bauhaus called me the “sanity assassian”, the yard birds referred to me as “soldier boy”,

XTCs “peter pumpkinhead” is a “lock” as me.

The reasoning for this is not only the things that I do in the big picture, but the “pumpkin head” itself.

When I was six months old, my mother tossed me out of a car window and my head was rolled over by two tires.

I wore the pumpkin like stripes running up and down my swollen head for months, because my mother did not seek any medical attention for me, despite the ambulance drivers protestations, that I needed to be seen at the hospital. On the fifth day, she took me to the family physician, who was horrified and insisted that she take me to the emergency room immediately. She agreed, and then when he called the hospital later to see how I was doing, came to understand that I had never arrived there, he did never see another member of my immediate family, nor my extended family ever again, despite the fact he had delivered my mother, and me, and a dozen cousins between she and I.

That’s one of the reasons that I referred to the title “peter pumpkin head” as my greatest achievement. That is also an excellent indicator to who I am as a nephilim.

The sons of god and the daughters of man produced son resilient offspring.

Another big picture proof, of the same is grandsire bhishma patimah, the avataric nephilim that was the epic hero of the Mahabharata. If you search Google for images, the first one that comes up, is almost laughable in its depiction of the number of arrows that are in him.

When I asked him about “were there really that many arrows? After kind of scoffing at the Grandsire(king). He said that there were even more that the image depicts.

He laid there with every one of the arrows in his hide, for fifty seven days, before he brought an end to the eighteen year long battle. Once the truce was negotiated, bhishma, succumbed.

That, sir, is how one gets a siege engine named in his honor.

The backbone of the indias military is the T-90 Bhishma tank.

A lot of what I am relating is confirmable and everything I’m telling you is fact.

Bhishma, is the one head of the seven headed beast that rises out of the sea. that has a mortal wound that has healed.

The other heads are Hermes, the greek god of magic and letters, who will also be my “boss” when i ascend. He has accepted me as apprentice.

Charron, the Greek god of the river Styx,

The Etruscan Goddess of wisdom, the great and wise, Minerva, my cosmic voice of reason and editor of my writings.

Then there is the Old Man.

Another head is Shiva, the destroyer God. I have embodied them each abpnd every one.

We all have “blasphemy” written on our foreheads because we all have understanding who the Mormons are and what they’re up to, and exclaim it loudly.

The sea I rise out of is the sea of humanity, a metaphorical body of bodies. Not a body of water.

I could not in a million years make this stuff up.

This is stranger than fiction in every way.

I am not insane, but it is a crazy world.

What scares the hell out of me is this. I think I may understand most of what you are rambling on about.

Daniel Allison, what is it that you understand about my “rambling”, good sir? Might you possess a piece of information that I am lacking?

Understanding that this impending event has been foretold not only by the Christians “bible” who are actually late comers into the realm of spirituality, but by every major spiritual dogma ever, and the scientologists, as well, its not a big jump to come to understanding that its something that will come to pass.

Actually, its all happened, just like this thrice before. The same set of prophecy with exactly the same dialogue has all happened at the end of every one of the proceeding three yuga’s, or Ages.

It is the final battle of good and evil that must take place to bring about the end of the age. The first age battle was recalled in the epic that Gilgamesh tells us about.

The second Age was brought to a close with the ‘battle of the Ten Kings”

The third Age was the Battle of the Mahabharata.

Now, I don’t want to sound like a nosy Nellie, Daniel, but I checked and you happen to be a “divine”. Which is the same quality that allows many people to function as “seers”. Not only that, I also checked your Akashic record, and you, good sir, really need not be afraid, for you will be amongst those that possess the understanding to ascend, whence your time is at hand.

If you know something, there is a good reason for you to know it. Fear not.

I did not mean by “rambling” to imply that I disagreed with you, but as a critique of your presentation. I have been a student of religions for most of my life, and I found it hard to follow some of your reasoning. As such I believe that it would be near impossible for those who know nothing of the subject to follow. I guess I mean to use the K.I.S.S. system so that you can reach a larger audience. I assume, rightly or wrongly, that is your intention by posting on line. Remember this: Knowledge without wisdom is an empty vessel. To have great knowledge is to have sorrow and great knowledge is great sorrow, but with wisdom comes pain. That is when you realize the fate of those who will look and not see and those that choose to hear and not listen. A great and sorrowful time is coming for many. It is also a time of joy and rejoicing for a small few. Blessed are those who hunger for the truth for they shall be fed.

If you are unaware what K.I.S.S means. Let me educate those who ramble. Oh by the way Daniel, thank you for using the term. I have not heard it since my journalism days.
FOR the want-a-be profit…..Keep It Simple Stupid.
Which of course with all your rambling, you missed. Bows, and waves.

I am of royal descent and have abilities and people who believed in me before I ever did drawings I did and other things before I got my memories back are ancient magic and held secrets of what I can do government admitted to me that ever since a weird cult tried to take my power and put a demon in my souls place at 13 they watch me every state I enter since I got better by 14 completely so many tried hiding what I could do through hypnosis drugs etc but I have still always won and now have a following that is still insane to me for whatever reason in three years I’ve changed laws and taken position that no female ever has in the criminal world and beyond I’m still adjusting to devotion rather than death attempts and why I’m entrusted with so much but I think I believe my blood is the reason I get called an alien Madonna the chosen one and my children apparently fulfill my propechy I have bizarre abilities and the same aliens I spoke to as a3yr old spoke to my son I wont go on apart from to say I was also deathly ill pregnant and I feel my original life have since childhood I thought it was imagination every one else made me believe I say never judge what you haven’t seen its ignorant and also not how to accept whats coming do research crazy people are being proven correct acceptance is a key

I was wondering if you can “check me out too” like you did with Mr. Daniel cause i also posses ‘some’ knowledge about the things i didnt learn previous..tnx anyways

Zdenko Vismeg…. Zdenya is a nickname)

Zdenko Vismeg, I did check, as per your request, and where mister Allison is shown to me to be a mortal human you are shown to me to be a member of the cosmic upper caste.

In order that you have understanding as to what that means, there are three cosmic castes, which are “mortal”, “immortal”, and the caste that you be.long to, that of “divine”.

To be among the “divine” you must be the embodiment of a deity, or an “angel” which is where your laurels rest. You are an embodiment of the Buddha.

“divine” individuals are not leashed to the 10% of their brain that mortals and immortals are. You can access up to five times that 10%. Many of these divine individuals can access future events. Take Nostradamus for example. He was not a prophet, but a divine “seer”.

In actuality, there have only been four “prophets”, these are each the clarion for the end of the Age. They have been Abraham, Moses, Noah, and myself. Those individuals that have been given the title of prophet but were not, including Daniel, Isaiah, Edgar cayce, and Nostradamus, have all been “seers” that are a good portion of instances, embodiments of deities. Most often Greek or Etruscan gods and goddesses.

I count among my friends, the embodiments of both Minerva and Persephone, that both have “visible” to them under certain circumstances the future.

This fact may give you some understanding about the things that you are burdened with.

And, yes, I am shown that you currently possess the understanding to allow your ascension but that your karmic account needs to be worked on. I might suggest that you concentrate your free time on doing good works, or benevolences.

The thing is that we are allowed to find understanding in our own good time, under normal circumstances, but time has become short, and there will be no more chances for us to do so.

We have entered the eschatological “end times”. The upcoming events have been prophecized by every major spiritual dogma in history, and Scientology, too.

So, there is an urgency in your situation, so, put some pep in your step, and get your past transgressions cleaned up. There is better Karmic movement in doing something wrong, then going back and “righting” it, than just doing it right from the beginning.

I am shown that notion, clearing up your past, is what will work for you in this situation.

Jeffrey Barber… Your writings are interesting… Tell me exactly what you are doing when you “check out” others… I as many have written here have had many “different” experiences in this lifetime… I see everyone’s points, yours in what some say are ramblings and others who have had similar experiences… Just wondering… Thx

When I check out others, Kathryn?

I ask God, who is with me constantly.

Jeffery please tell me do you have a Facebook how can I reach you?? Desperately want to talk to you

We truely are in end Times would love to get in contact with you I have some crazy story’s for you

Already found you on Facebook please please check your inbox and other folders…would love to speak to you

Jeffery Barber,
You are an interesting person. I’ve always felt different since I was a child, like someone or something (not of this earth) is watching or judging me. I know this sounds bad but I’ve always felt like most people are beneath me, due to my observations of their actions, I see people do and say things that I wouldn’t fathom saying or doing. I can see things coming, not like lotto numbers or sports scores, but little things that make me avoid situations that could turn bad, yet I see others who don’t seem to have that foresight and always end up in trouble, arguments, etc.
I’m not really scratching the surface here. I am RH A – (A negative) and have hazel eyes. (Not that it means anything IDK ?).
I have little b.b. sized bumps behind my ears, not on top like spock, but on the back side close to where it connects to me head. I am 38 years old, but as a child before I even knew what “aliens” were I had this weird feeling that those bumps were some sort of device so that other beings could track me for studying or who knows what. How did my brain ever go there. I was very young when I had those thoughts. I know I sound like a psycho and maybe I am, but just want to know more, especially pertaining to my blood. You have a nice day.

SjSteve…When I was,maybe 8 yrs. old I was awakened in the middle of the night by flashing red and green lights outside my second story bed room window, when I got up to look out I saw the equivalent of a large airplane with no wings and no sound traveling down my street at my level…A cigar shaped craft, there were people visible inside, I lived very close to WPAFB. this was right after the “Roswell Incident”, I watched it till it disappeared…in a couple of years later I was walking in my house and sneezed a very powerful sneeze and out popped a BB sized, very hard object from my nose, I was puzzled but picked it up and threw it away, never mentioning it to anyone until I became an adult and have never figured it out…

Thanks for your story, interesting to say the least. I hope the bumps don’t mean anything…kinda scary if it is an implant.

red and green lights, am o negative, wow!

Dude, I’m sorry it took so long. I’m shown that you are a divine individual and that’s why you see things. You have five times the brain of a mortal and your hemispheres are not kept out of sight of each other.

I’m shown that you’re over thinking the bumps. They are just cartilage .

Well… you are creative, I’ll give you that. I’m not too sure if you qualify as sane, but this could merely be an online act of yours.

First of all, I really am not inclined towards wasting my time trying to entertain you or anyone. I am only trying to set the record straight and alert anyone that will listen to the impending darkness that will evolve into the fourth and final battle of good and evil, that must be fought to bring about the end of the Age of Man. Actually, this is the first one to end the Age of Man, the other three were to end the respective yuga’s, this being by ironically sheer coincidence, the fourth yuga.

But, its is a bit late to effect anything in a manner that might change anything, so I’m down to setting the record straight.

You know, I’m guessing by the fact that your tone has changed considerably, and the fact that it took you an entire month to work up that five word rebuttal to me comment, that you must be one of the accursed of the accursed forever that sleeps in the dust. But not one of the “in good standing” kind.

I’ve gone from “impressive” to a piece of garbage merely for offering you the truth.

You just continued to repeat the same assertions about a perceived tear in my mental fabric like you couldn’t get past who I am.

Then suddenly, you have some kind of breakdown in civility and start to judge me for the things I’m trying to do for you and everyone, which I’m sure you couldn’t fathom even if you weren’t slipping over the edge. I’m sure you know what they say about trying the same thing over and over. You might not understand, but you know what the words are.

Its clear that you have not found what you think you want from me, because I can’t lend you a lie. I only deal in truths. If you can’t deal with the truth, you probably shouldn’t look for it.

Which is another clue that you may one of the accursed. They can tell themselves a lie and actually believe it.

I have much better things to do with my time, dude. Maybe you should spend yours trying to find a psychologist that can help you.

I never said you were garbage, I said you were creative. My earlier comment about “lowly Rh positive” was humor, nothing more. As for sanity, sanity can be overrated. Perhaps you are concentrating too much on finding negatives.

I think I understand you, and yes, it’s a crazy world, I believe we may be related, through the “House of Anjou”, my ancestors are “Plantagenets” I have only scratched the surface of my ancestry but continue to work on it..beginning to wonder if we’re only bacteria in a test tube at times..Good Luck to you…

Hi. First of all i must tell you that even though i could not understand you completely in the literal sense… A picture opened up in my mind’s eye. Fascinating. Could u access my akashic records too? I don’t have much memories but I’m curious.

Bhishma as well as the others described in the Mahabharata appear to be more Nephilim than human. Many of the characters are claimed to be descended from “gods” rather than humans. The deeds that these “people” did affirms that they were more than just humans. I do find one thing interesting- in the book of Enoch G-d instructs one his angles to incite a civil war among the fallen angles sons to annihilate them. Then in the book of the Mahabharata there is the story of all these valiant people who were related to each other going to war with each other. A war that we have never seen the likes off, and at the end only 8 (I think) survive. It’s my opinion that the Mahabharata describes fallen angles/Nephilim and relates the civil war between the two families as the civil war that G-d instructed to the angle to instate for the purpose of destroying the probates.

Wow. I’m O Neg. What does that make me?

Whoaaaa! how did I miss this thing, or how did I end up here? interesting view mr Jeffery. I’m both descendant of druids of scotland and of vikings. Both my sons got the RH- while i got RH+ and have had so many many many weird stuff happened in my life. I’ve seen the web of the golden strings with my very eyes. And messed up a bit with it, in a good will intended fashion, but then when you pull a string, you don’t really know what beast is on the end of the string. That I learned too.Seen miracles happen, seen things before they happened, known things I shouldn’t know just out of the blue. What is happening to me?
When a kid, 3 or 4 years old I have had my first OBE and it was such a nightmare, I got to visit several planets and met different cultures, some of them peaceful, some quite frightening. I was so scared all I could care about then was where would I find my brother. Do you happen to have an insight?

I am an Rh Negative female and with 3 pregnancy’s in my life, two sons were + and my daughter is – I was deathly ill with my two sons and the Dr’s commented that it seemed as though my body was rejecting the pregnancy, with my daughter I was as healthy as could be…so it seems to me that there could be something to some of these statements as well as the fact I have done Genealogy and found quite surprisingly to be related to a lot of pre-middle ages Royal Families, which does come down to some modern families as well…doesn’t get me anything but I have found it quite interesting, I also had my DNA done, also very interesting, everyone should do it.

How do you have your DNA done

You can have it done on 23 and Me, find them on the internet, $199. I had mine done through Ancestry .com, for $99, you need to be a member but it’s worth it to find out about your ancestors, $99 every 6 mos. Good Luck.

Thank you, o negative here.

I am a ‘Nowhere Woman’. I am serious. I have ‘changed’ during certain moments when my body becomes covered with a brown fur, feathery. I have had some other interesting experiences, too. 0-.

I am a third line descendant of summphii, poop handler of eniki

Very important correction: there’s no such thing as offspring of god in koraan.(it’s completly against islamic beliefs. I know it’s not the Focus of this article but an information should be accurate.

Well, it’s certainly an interesting theory…

I’m O negative and am, supposedly, descended from Norman aristocracy, or possibly royalty (I really can’t remember – these things don’t mean that much to me), on my dad’s side, which is where the rhesus negative blood comes from.

Although, my mum’s side had more in the way of recent aristocracy – a Lord Mayor of London, several generations ago and the wife of a regular Lord, two generations ago and my mum was rhesus positive (I don’t know what her parent’s were).

I have good vision and am very detail-oriented, but my eyes are very sensitive to sunlight, if that is what “sensitive vision” means?

I have a lower body temperature than average by several degrees (but, then so did my mum).

I have high blood pressure, when stressed, but can lower it dramatically by just thinking calm thoughts (not sure if that is normal?).

In fact, I was told I had worryingly high blood pressure, when I was a teenager and was stressed about being late for a doctor’s appointment.

However, when I went back, to have it tested again, I thought calm thoughts and was then told it was worryingly low.

So, it would appear I have a wide blood pressure range, or something?

I have had quite a few psychic experiences – some feelings, some (strangely accurate) predictive dreams including a recurring one about the twin towers collapsing, when I was a child.

At the time, I didn’t realise they were the twin towers (I’m British), but I was always in the window of a very tall tower block, just like one of the towers, with another building, exactly the same, opposite it and the floor(s) would always entirely fall away, leaving me clinging to the window frame, on the outside “shell” of the building.

I had the dream so many times that I was ready for the collapse, in the end and used to prepare myself, by making sure I was already holding on tight to/leaning over the window frame, before it happened.

I met my boyfriend when I was a young teenager, before 9/11 happened and told him about this recurring dream I had had so, he is a witness, as it were.

He has also experienced/witnessed quite a few of my other other weird psychic/intuitive feelings/predictions.

I have blue eyes, was blonde as a child, but as I grew up, my hair darkened to (I suppose) a mid brown and apparently looked kind of rainbowish/blondish/reddish, in the sun (before I started highlighting it).

I am ridiculously sensitive to both heat (especially humidity) and sunlight.

No idea about the extra vertebra…

I have, unfortunately, had multiple miscarriages.

My boyfriend (still the same one!) is rhesus positive and I am sure it is because of that.

I’m type O positive and am just a plain old human being not mixed with any special alien or animal and proud of it.

So what r u doing with all your power? Just a curious zero negative native/scott woman here. I fell off a roof at 6, ive seen evil images in plain daylight where others couldnt, my perspective now is from the clouds where my head usually is. I get a better view from here. I hear what your saying and did u know that the antichrist of the bible has similarities to you? Just sayin

Chess was devised in India, and was known as Ashtapada (which means 64 squares). Unlike how the game is played today, it used to be played with a dice on a checkered board, but without black and white squares. A few years later, the game was called Chaturanga (quadripartite). It was divided into four parts called angas, which were symbolic of the four branches of an army. Just like the real ancient Indian army, it had pieces called elephants, chariots, horses and soldiers, and was played to devise war strategies. In 600 CE, Persians learned this game and named it Shatranj. ‘Checkmate’ comes from the Persian term in thegame, ‘Shah-Mat’, meaning ‘the king is dead’.

A strike-and-pocket table game that is popularly played throughout South Asia and in a few Middle-Eastern countries, carrom is said to have originated in the Indian subcontinent. Though there isn’t any particular proof, it is said that Indian Maharajas invented the game centuries ago. You can find an ancient glass carrom board in Patiala, Punjab. Carrom gained popularity after World War I, and is now played at family or social gatherings for fun.

Ludo is a board game that we’ve all played at least once. Earlier in India it was called Pachisi, and the board was made out of cloth or jute. A depiction of Pachisi is found in the caves of Ajanta in Maharashtra, showing that the game was quite popular in the Medieval Era. The Mughal Emperors of India, such as Akbar, also liked playing Pachisi. In the late 19 th century, different variations of the same game were played in England in 1896, a similar game appeared that was called Ludo, and thus the name was patented.

Thursday, November 9, 2017

Today's review is of the 2016 release, Inis. For 2-4 players, it takes 60 minutes.

A newly discovered land begs for colonization your goal is to be elected High King over disparate clans. To do so, you must satisfy the most victory conditions:
- be present [have at least one clan] in six or more territories
- be chieftain* over a combined total of six or more opposing clans
- be present [have at least one clan] in territories with a combined total of six sanctuaries

Inis actions are taken using different types of cards:
- each territory has a corresponding advantage card, given to the chieftain of that territory at the start of a round
- action cards are a common pool of actions, drafted completely each round and reused in subsequent rounds
- epic tale cards are generally obtained by playing certain action cards powerful, they can be used only once per game

Throughout the game, players will use advantage, action, and epic tale cards to place new clans, citadels, sanctuaries, and territories, move clans between territories, and clash with opponents.

the game's contents image from here
*the chieftain of a territory is the player who has the most clans in that territory.

Simplified Gameplay
Inis is played over rounds each round has two phases: Assembly and Season.

- the chieftain of the Capital territory is designated as the Brenn (temporary leader or first player)
- check to see if anyone has won the game (players must have obtained a pretender token the round before to be eligible the player who has a token and has satisfied the most victory conditions wins)
- each player takes any advantage cards corresponding to territories where he/she is chieftain
- the Brenn shuffles the action cards and manages the drafting of cards as described in the rules

- each player, starting with the Brenn and rotating, can take one action on his turn: play a card, take a pretender token, or pass. Every card played is discarded some (action and advantage) will be used again in every round epic tales will not be
- play continues until everyone has consecutively passed then a new round begins with the assembly phase
- some cards can provoke clashes, which will force participants to lose clans or cards from their hands until all involved agree they've had enough

a game in progress image from here
This game initially appealed to me due to the breathtaking artwork- and it is a very 'pretty' game. The rules are simple, the game moves quickly, and it's pleasantly interactive with lots of decision making. That said, playing with just two players felt anticlimactic. It's good, but there's something I can't identify that precludes it from being great. I need to try this again with three or four participants.

(Spoilers Extended) Dayne, Dayne, What's in a name?

Names in ASOIAF are often intended to give you insights into who a character is. For instance, House Stark are named for the famous House York of real English history. House Lannister are similarly analagous to the real life House Lancaster who famously opposed the Yorks in the War of the Roses. From the outset of the story this should tell you how these houses will interact based on the reference. And they do not disappoint, members of the houses have been at war since the first book. Or in other examples names are funny plays on words that tell you literally who they are. For instance Bronn, Tyrion's humorous sellsword companion. Why his name is a misspelling of the word Brawn meaning muscular, and as he is hired by Tyrion that makes Bronn literally “hired muscle”. As a habit I tend to try and figure out what characters names can mean in similar ways, and I thought I would share one. Ser Arthur Dayne, the Sword of the Morning.

The easiest connection to see is Arthur Dayne to the legendary King Arthur. Arthur Dayne and his magic sword Dawn is a simple connection with King Arthur and his magic sword Excalibur. But the comparison breaks down in the details. Arthur Dayne was a knight of the Kingsguard, sworn to protect the royal family and have no family. He also didn't receive Dawn via lake women hurling swords or by pulling it from stone. While a good starting point, it doesn't quite give us much about Arthur Dayne.

His first name offers further characterization. Arthur is an ancient name with no known origin or meaning. Most seems to agree it comes from Europe but the time and place are anyone's guess. The name could mean anything from king to bear king to even possibly being a name of an ancient Roman house. That last one is the most intriguing for me. The world of ice and fire has no answers for the history of house Dayne. Unlike other families like the Starks who descend from First Men or the Targaryens who came from Valyria, the Daynes have no known history. Despite appearing Valyrian in features they aren't from that part of that world. Nobody knows where they came from, and the name Arthur sort of builds that into the character.

We also know next to nothing about Arthur Dayne other than he was a great swordsman, Rhaegar's closest friend, he liked neat and orderly camps, and was an honorable opponent in battle. Where did he squire? How did he earn Dawn? Did Arthur ever love a girl? Nothing, a nearly blank slate of a character aside from his job and his one known friend.

As for Dayne, there is a real life equivalent, the Danes of Denmark. In their past, the Danes were seafaring Viking conquerors of mostly blonde complexion who settled themselves all across the European world leaving behind settlements. This could very easily be the origins of House Dayne in Westeros, a small part of a larger family or civilization that collapsed long ago. Possibly a part of the Great Empire of The Dawn and/or Asshai at its height. A lone colony that survived the destruction of the whole in a small corner of the known world, holding onto their relics and customs long after their home has broken into pieces.

My personal favorite connection I found was, in all places, The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien. While researching the Naz'gul for another idea I'm working on, came across some of the deeper history of Middle Earth and specifically the geography. The Kingdom of Gondor used to be part of a much larger united kingdom known as Arnor. The people of Arnor were the last descendants of the Númenóreans or Dunedains, the mythical group of men who aided in the defeat of Morgoth. They slowly splintered over time, hastened along by Sauron and his Ring Wraiths who invaded from Angmar, until finally Arnor split into three Kingdoms by the three sons of Eärendur. The three kingdoms were Cardolan, Rhudaur , and Arthedain. Arthedain, Arthur Dayne. Arthedain was the last of the kingdoms to fall. The royal family became instead known as the Chieftains of the Dúnedain, a small group of rangers who also happened to be the heirs of Isildur. The most famous of these chieftains of Dunedain and Rangers is, of course, Aragorn II who reunited Arnor as King and saw the fall of Sauron.

What does this mean for Arthur Dayne the character? By giving him the name of one of the fallen Kingdoms of an ancient and much more powerful civilization than those that currently exist the meaning is clear. The Daynes are, like Aragorn and the Dunedain, the last heirs of a vast fallen empire just hanging on by a thread. Even the Dayne sigil of a fallen star is reminiscent of the ancient Edains who the Dunedains came from. The Edains found the island of Numenor by following a brilliant falling star, the Star of Eärendil. After finding the island they discovered it was shaped like a five pointed star as well. The Daynes of Starfall followed a falling star and built their home on the site where it landed. In typical GRRM fashion, once you understand the reference is all falls into place. Even the name "Dayne" is a mixed up version of "Edain" with one letter changed.

With all these references, it appears that Ser Arthur Dayne was named specifically by George to communicate a few things about his character and history. The Daynes, based on the references from Lord of the Rings, are the last of an ancient and powerful people whose powerful civilization slowly ground in nearly nothing. All that's left of them are handfuls of old colonies and bits and pieces of their greatness, like the magic sword Dawn that is incredibly light and never needs sharpening. They are supposed to be out of place and mysterious, they are the last holdouts of the Great Empire of the Dawn in a world that has almost entirely forgotten it ever existed.

Also from their small house the salvation of Westeros may be found. And it's an often overlooked detail that the Daynes are one of the few families that married into the Targaryen royal line. Lady Dyanna Dayne married King Maekar I making all Targaryens who came after, including Rhaegar and Daenerys, related by blood to House Dayne. If Jon Snow is truly Rhaegar Targaryen and Lyanna Stark's child he could be the heir to Dawn and an ancient royal line stretching back to the Dawn of man. As well he's commander of the Night's Watch and its rangers, and, if the show is to be believed, will one day become a King too. In Jon's home of Winterfell there is even a large white tree like the White Tree of Minas Tirith. While it is not a unique idea to show how Jon Snow is similar to Aragorn finding the same conclusion from a totally different source of information I feel strengthens the idea and supports it.

9-Night Aegean To Adriatic Voyage

Explore the beauty of the Mediterranean on this journey from the Aegean to Adriatic with captivating stops and stays along the way. Your voyage begins in the home of European civilization, Athens. Arrive the next morning in Santorini and spend a late-night in this Greek city full of bustling tavernas and stunning volcanic beaches.

After a day of relaxation and comfort aboard your boutique hotel at sea, arrive in Corfu. A late night stay gives you plenty of time to unwind and enjoy the turquoise blue waters and gorgeous sandy beaches of this fairytale island. You’ll sail on for a late stay in Kotor, Montenegro, proudly known as one of Europe’s best-preserved medieval cities. Explore the churches, shops, and restaurants that fill the streets of the old town. A day in Dubrovnik is next. This truly magnificent city boasts impressive stone walls, winding streets, and charming squares that date back to the 7th century.

Your next stop is Zadar, Croatia. Explore winding cobblestone streets, or discover the natural beauty of Krka National Park and the world famous Sea Organ. The next day you’ll be crossing the Adriatic to arrive in Koper, Slovenia. A late stay here gives you plenty of time to explore the Skocjan Caves. These stunning caverns are a UNESCO World Heritage site, and home to the world’s largest underground canyon.

Then, arrive on the very edge of Italy with a day in Trieste. Explore the historic grandeur of a city with a well-preserved Roman amphitheater, noble buildings with neoclassical facades, and its very own Grand Canal. Your journey comes to an end in the romantic and inspiring city of Venice.