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Devi, also known as Mahadevi or 'Great Goddess', is an all-embracing Mother Goddess first worshipped in India in Prehistoric times. In the Vedic period, she was assimilated into the Hindu pantheon and so came to represent the female energy or Sakti (Power) of her husband Shiva. Both Devi (meaning goddess in Sanskrit) and Sakti may also be used more generically to reference any female Hindu goddess, especially Parvati, Lakshmi, and Sarasvati. Devi is most often manifested as the fearsome female warriors Durga and Kali, both of whom famously killed a number of terrible demons in Hindu mythology. Devi is also the mother of Nandi, Shiva's doorkeeper and bull; Skanda, the six-headed god; and Ganesha, the elephant-headed god.
Devi's character has two opposing sides represented by various separate female deities: as Uma, the benevolent, and as Durga, the terrible. It is as the latter, more fierce personification that she is most frequently worshipped. Her dark side can also take the form of the fearsome black goddess Kali. The deity has a myriad of many other names and may, for example, also be referred to as Vindhyavasini, Kanya (the Virgin), Mahamaya (the Illusion), and Bhutanayaki, the queen of the Bhuta, those ghosts and goblins who haunt graveyards, make the dead live again, and trick the living so that they might feast on their flesh.
The Two Sides of Devi: Uma & Durga
Devi's more benevolent side is worshipped as Uma, and this facet of her character is represented as both beauty and light. This softer side is also referred to as Jaganmata (Mother of the World), Gauri (Yellow and Brilliant or Golden), Bhavani, Haimvati, and Parvati (the Mountaineer).
Devi's dark side is the terrible Durga who has ten arms, an impressive armoury of weapons, and who rides a magnificent Lion.
Devi's dark side is represented as the terrible Durga (the Inaccessible) who has ten arms, an impressive armoury of weapons, and who rides a magnificent lion or tiger. This side is further manifested in the forms of Kali, Kalika or Syama (the Black Goddess); Candi or Candika (the Fierce), in which guise she killed many a demon or asura; and Bhairavi (the Terrible). Worshippers of this face of Devi seek her favours and dark powers and so make blood sacrifices and perform wild rituals in the ceremonies of Durga-puja, Carak-puja, and the Tantrikas which call on Durga's sexual and magical powers.
Devi Slays Mahisa
Devi appears in various episodes of the Mahabharata, the Puranas, and other, later, Hindu religious texts. One of Devi's most famous mythological escapades is her slaying of Mahisa, the demon who had the body of a man and the head of a buffalo, as told in the epic poem the Candipat (or Candi-mahatmya), which is part of the Skanda Purana. Ambitious Mahisa wanted to take over the world, no less, and so led an army of demons to wage a 100-year battle with the gods. Doing rather well, Mahisa managed to kick most of the gods out of heaven, forcing them to wander the earth as mere men.
Eventually, the situation got so bad that Brahma gave a rousing speech to his fellow gods Vishnu and Shiva during which he told of Mahisa's great mischief. Outraged, the two great gods became so furious that divine fire blazed from their mouths. At the same time, fantastic energies came forth from the similarly indignant bodies of Indra, Yama, and all the other gods. Swirling around heaven, this tremendous energy condensed into a single mass and formed the terrible goddess Durga. As with many Hindu tales, this is but one version of Durga's birth. In other versions, Devi has already long existed as the daughter of Himavat, the personified deity of the Himalaya Mountains, and in this episode she is only given weapons by the angered gods. These arms include a discus, trident, bow, sword, dagger, harpoon, and a noose
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Durga is given the task of seducing and then killing the troublesome Mahisa. Hiding herself in a refuge on the sacred Blood-red Mountain (aka Tawny Mountain) and spending her time performing acts of asceticism, the goddess set four young boys as guards, one on each face. Mahisa's followers came across these guards and wondered just who they were protecting. Disguised as birds, they managed to access the sanctuary and so caught sight of the lovely goddess. Returning to Mahisa, they aroused his desire to possess Durga. Accordingly, he disguised himself as an old man and so gained access to the refuge. Mahisa then revealed himself and boasted of his tremendous wealth and power so that Durga might be persuaded to marry him. Durga's somewhat dismissive response to this proposal was to transform herself into fire. Then, riding her lion, she swung her formidable array of weapons, but Mahisa wisely fled the scene to fight another day. The goddess would have to employ more subtle means to rid the world of the buffalo demon.
Durga and Mahisa soon met again on the battlefield in a terrible clash which shook the mountains. The problem for Devi was that whenever she tried to strike Mahisa with a fatal blow he transformed into another creature - from a buffalo to a man to a lion, then to an elephant and back to a buffalo. At this moment, the goddess pounced and, straddling the creature, stabbed him in the neck with her trident. At this, the spirit of Mahisa came out of the mouth of the dying buffalo and Durga finally killed him by lopping off his head. From the heavens there then came a tremendous roar as the gods rejoiced at the fall of this awful demon.
The goddess is particularly worshipped by Shaktism and Shaivism, denominations of Hinduism. She is revered at Vindhyavasini, near the Ganges in Uttar Pradesh and the goddess often takes that name. This is the point where the Vindhyas Mountains meet the sacred river Ganges. A statue of the goddess there is perpetually offered fresh blood. Durga is also worshipped in the nine-night festival Navaratri which is celebrated across India and Nepal.
Representation in Art
As Durga, the goddess is most frequently portrayed as a beautiful yellow woman riding her lion. As Kali, she has a black skin and terrible features which drip with the blood of her victims. As the Black Goddess, she also wears snakes and garlands made from skulls and decapitated heads.
Durga slaying Mahisa is a popular subject in Hindu art. One of the earliest representations is in a cave temple near Mallapuram dating to the 7th or 8th century CE and on the mid-8th century CE Kailasanatha temple at Ellora. In the latter relief sculpture, a four-armed Durga rides her prancing lion which stomps over Mahisa's followers while the goddess faces the Buffalo Demon brandishing her array of weapons. The earliest shrine dedicated specifically to Devi is found at Cidambaram and dates to the 12th century CE.
Devi Chitralekha was born on Sunday, 19 January 1997 (age 23 years as in 2020), in the Khambi village of Palwal District, Haryana. Her zodiac sign is Capricorn. She did her schooling from a local government school in her village.
Height (approx.): 5′ 3″
Eye Colour: Black
Hair Colour: Black
Kamakhya Devi Temple: Story and History
Kamakhya Devi is not known to all, but those who know about her, are definitely waiting for a trip to her temple. Before we tell you everything about Kamakhya Devi’s temple, it is important for you to know about this goddess.
Kamakhya Devi is often identified as Kali Ma. She is a very important Tantric Goddess of Desire. She evolved in the Himalayan Hills and is worshiped as Siddha Kubjika. Considering her importance to Hindus, the Kamakhya Temple was constructed in the 16 th century.
Kamakhya Devi Temple Story:
There is a very important story about the Kamakhya Temple. The temple has one of the Shakti Pithas. The story goes back in time when Lord Shiva was married to Sati, the body with the energy of Shakti. When Sati’s father, Daksha, insulted her husband, Lord Shiva, she burned herself with her very own energy. Lord Shiva held her burnt corpse in his arms and danced in anger. The parts of her body then fell in different places. Her yoni (genital) fell in the western part of Guwahati city, Assam, India, where Kamakhya Temple was constructed. What you see at this temple is one of the oldest of all the 51 Shakti Pithas. This temple is a very important pilgrimage destination for all the Tantric worshippers around the country.
Kamakhya Devi Temple History:
According to the history of this temple, it stretches back to 8 th -9 th century. It is said that the temple was constructed during the Mlechchha dynasty. When you look at the archaeology of the temple, concluding about the century of its construction is not difficult. No doubt the construction is beautiful to the eyes and soul as well, earlier it had something else too. The temple was more of a Nagara type, belonging to the Malava style.
It is said that the temple was once destroyed by Kalapahar, who was the general of Salaiman Karrani. However, the year of reconstruction is said to be 1565 and that does not match the period of the general. On the other hand, it does match the period of the Kamata Kingdom and hence, is said to have been destructed by the same. Later, the ruins of this temple were discovered by the founder of the Koch dynasty. His name was Vishwasingha. He then began worshiping at this site. Yet, the reconstruction of the temple did not take place until the reign of his son, Nara Narayan. The reconstruction was completed in 1565.
The construction and architecture of the temple were enhanced by the Ahom Kingdom as well. The historical records also prove that the whole temple was reconstructed by Chilarai. He had made the use of stone ruins and it was an innovation of its kind.
What Happens at Kamakhya Devi Temple?
This temple is said to be the most unique and special temple of the country. While the entire nation is debating on whether a menstruating woman should enter into a temple or not, this temple celebrates the natural or biological process of the woman’s body. It is noted that the Yoni of the Goddess bleeds once in a year when the temple is closed. Of course no one is allowed to see the Yoni for the time it bleeds, but you can buy a pure white cloth and give it to the temple Pandit (priest) here. He then dips the cloth into the water that turns red during this period and gives it back to you. It is said that this cloth protects you for as long as you have it. A lot of people cherish this as a blessing from the mother’s Yoni.
The most exclusive thing about this temple is that it speaks about the power of a menstruating woman. According to this temple, menstruating gives you the ability of potency as it is one of the most natural things of a woman’s body. It is something that a woman goes through every single month, until she reaches the state of menopause.
There’s another story that talks about how Shakti had given Kamadeva, the God of Love and Lust, the power to be potent again. Thus, the Kamakhya Devi was placed in this temple and is being worshiped every single day since then.
Devi Sridhar is a popular American personality. She is actually well-known for being a health personal as well as a professor. Currently, she has been providing her services as the Chair of Global Public Health for the University of Edinburgh. Apart from being just a health personal, Devi is also well regarded as a researcher too.
Quick Facts: Devi Sridhar
|Profession||Professor, Health Personal, Writer|
|Education||University of Miami, University of Oxford Global Economic Governance Programme|
She was raised by her grandmother and according to her, she got a lot of inspiration from her. She has even written as well as published her own book entitled ‘The Battle Against Hunger’ and the book was even selected as a must-read book by Foreign Affairs.
Devi - History
The famous Sri Chowdeshwari Temple is presided in Cholasamudram village of Lepakshi Mandal, Anantapur District in Andhra Pradesh State. There are no exact proofs who build this temple. The structure of the temple seems to be so old around 700 years.
The temple was built before the vijayanagar period. There are very few sculptures Inside and outside of the temple. In the ceiling of the mukha mandapa in front of the temple has pillars with lotus shaped sculptures. These pillars are sculptured with Dancing ladies and playing kolatam ladies. Pillars in the ardha mandapa which is in front of mukha mandapa are very simple. Temple is well designed structure. A big mandapa in front the temple with four pillars is the main attraction.
In all “saiva alaya’s” there will be a statue of Nandi (Bull), but in this temple the mandapa is empty. The temple is built in the period of Chola’s while development took in Vijayanagar period.
MAIN SHRINE :
The main shrine in the temple is made up of “Gachu” and applied colors. The statue is around 8 feet in height. The deity in the temple is sculptured on the big dais. The shrine is very fury with 4 hands. Right hands with “Trisulam” & “long sward” and “Dhamaruka” & “Kunkuma Bharine” with left hands. Demon heads are under her feet. People believe that Goddess Parvathi is residing in form of SRI CHOWDESHWARI DEVI. So many Royal families from ancient days were worshipped with great devotion.
The inscription in the Temple:
This is incomplete and dated Saka 1439, Isvara, Margasira, ba. 3, corresponding to A.D. 1517 December 1 Tuesday (not verifiable), in the reign of Krishnaraya-Maharaya, king of Karnataka. It mentions his queen Tirumalambika and records that Rayasada Kondamarasayya, son of Mantri Timmarasa and grandson of Sripatyacharya, of Bharadvaja-gotra, Asvalayna-sutra and Rik-sakha, made some gift for the service of the goddess Chaudesvari in Cholasamudra in order that the kin may be blessed with children. Kondamarasayya is stated to have been an expert in reading various scripts, His grandfather is described as a very learned man and observer of the four religious orders, Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha and Yati, as the ornament of the Udayagiri-Kannadiga-kula and as the chief of Podatur in the Dravida-desa. (A.R. No. 87 of 1912.)
(On a slab set up in the court-yard of the Chowdeshwari temple at Cholasamudram, Hindupur taluk, Anantapur district.)
Tuluva Sri Krishna Deva Raya also known as Krishna Raya (1509-1529 CE), was the famed Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire. Presiding over the empire at its zenith, he is regarded as an icon by many Indians, particularly by Tuluvas, Kannadigas and Telugus. He was one of the greatest statesmen which medieval South India had produced.
Sri Krishnadevaraya’s consort Tirumaladevi prayed so many gods and visited so many holy temples for son. Tirumalambika after prayed Cholasamudram Chowdeshwari devi, she send their able prime minister Timmarusu’s son Kondamarusu for special puja. Tirumalambika blessed by Goddess Chowdeshwari devi with son after seven months. Inscriptions in the temple witnesses this.
The temple is very old temple that has been around for about 700 years now. The inscriptions in the temple indicate the construction of the temple by HariHara and Bukkaraya the chief Patrons of the Vijayanagara Empire.
The east entrance is the main entrance to the temple. To the east of the temple, there is a Mandapa. Devotees perform Pallaki seva to the deity In this mandapa. The mandapa slightly bent to left side. It occured when the floods hit the mandapa very long back. Even after the incident the mandapa still strong and Pallaki seva continues…
The Great Goddess Devi
She has a thousand names and faces — and countless tasks and talents. Even as a fierce warrior heroically slaying the most vicious demons, she retains her composure and radiant beauty. Westerners accustomed to a "Heavenly Father," and to seeing virginal, subdued images of the Madonna, might find Devi and her wildly vigorous feminine power quite startling.
For many Hindus, however, Devi's greatest strength is that she embodies all aspects of womanhood. In the vast pantheon, she is in the top tier, as powerful as the male gods Vishnu and Shiva. Mother goddess of India and local protector for innumerable villages, she can be quiet and nurturing. But she is also a cosmic force, addressing the creation and destruction of worlds. On occasion she is voluptuous and alluring — a playful temptress, a passionate lover. Before exams, Hindu pupils pray to her, incarnated as Sarasvati, the goddess of music and learning. Devi blesses her devotees with fortune and success.
Her most renowned victory is the slaying of a buffalo demon, a brutishly ignorant, bloated egotist. Before Devi came to the rescue, he had defeated a host of benevolent gods. With one of her 18 arms, at the height of the battle, she effortlessly pulls the demon out of his buffalo body with a red noose. Her mount, a tiger, gnaws the head. All the while, Devi is garbed in the gilded and embroidered costume of a Punjab Hills princess. In the clouds above, gods celebrate her triumph by tossing down golden blossoms.
"It is astonishing that there hasn't previously been a major exhibition about her," observes Vidya Dehejia, curator of "Devi: The Great Goddess." On view at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery through September 6, this magnificent show features 120 artworks representing a 2,500-year time span and a wide range of styles.
You've only scratched the surface of Devi family history.
Between 1974 and 2004, in the United States, Devi life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1991, and highest in 1974. The average life expectancy for Devi in 1974 was 103, and 75 in 2004.
An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Devi ancestors lived in harsh conditions. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more.
Vaishno devi temple history, story and secrets
This year Navaratri festival is going to start about a month late due to Purushottam month i.e. more month after Pitrupaksha. This year, this festival will start from October 17. In such a situation, today we are going to tell you some special things related to Vaishno Devi cave temple. Some of which you may not be aware of, there are some things which you would never have paid attention to.
Actually, the world famous and ancient temple of Goddess Maa Vaishno Devi is located on the hills near Katra Nagar in Jammu region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. These hills are called Trikuta hills. It is here that the temple of Matarani is situated at an altitude of about 5,200 feet. It is the second most visited religious pilgrimage site in India after Tirumala Venkateswara Temple.
Mata Vaishno Devi Temple: Understand like this …
Actually, in a cave situated on the hills of Trikuta, there are three self-proclaimed idols of Goddess Vaishno Devi. These include Goddess Kali (right), mother Saraswati (left) and mother Lakshmi (middle) as Pindi. The combined form of these three bodies is called Vaishno Devi Mata. At the same time, this place is called Mother’s Building. The length of the sacred cave is 98 feet. A large platform is also built in this cave. The mother’s seat is on this platform where Goddess Trikuta resides with her mother.
While the building is the place where Mata killed Bhairavnath. Bhairo’s body is present in front of the ancient cave and it is said that his head flew to Bhairon Valley three kilometers away while the body remained here. The place where the head fell, today the place is known as ‘Temple of Bhaironath’. It is from Katra itself that the foot-climb of Vaishno Devi begins which is about 13 kilometers up to the building and 14.5 kilometers to the Bhairo temple.
Vaishno Devi Cave Temple: Mythology
There are many types of stories in relation to the temple. But according to the main story that is told, once upon seeing the beautiful girl on the hill of Trikuta, Bhairavnath ran to catch her. Then the girl changed into air and flew towards Trikuta mountain. Bhairavnath also ran after him. It is believed that Pawanputra reached Hanuman there to protect his mother. When Hanuman ji felt thirsty, at his insistence, Mata pulled an arrow from the bow with arrows on the mountain and washed her hair in that water. Then Mata meditated for nine months by entering a cave there. During this, Hanumanji kept guard.
Then Bhairav Nath also came there. During that time a monk told Bhairavnath that the one whom you are considering as a girl is Adishakti Jagadamba, so give up the pursuit of that superpower. Bhairavnath did not listen to the monk. Mata then made her way out of the other side of the cave. This cave is still famous as Ardhkumari or Adikumari or Garbhajoon. The step mother of the first mother of Ardhkumari is also Paduka. This is the place where Mata turned around and saw Bhairavnath.
Finally, out of the cave, the girl assumed the form of a goddess and asked Bhairavnath to return and went into the cave again, but Bhairavanath did not believe and entered the cave. Seeing this, Hanumanji, guarding the cave of Mata, challenged him to battle and both fought. Seeing no end of the war, Mata Vaishnavi killed Bhairavnath by taking the form of Mahakali.
It is said that after his slaughter, Bhairavnath repented of his mistake and begged for forgiveness from his mother. Mata Vaishno Devi knew that Bhairava’s main intention behind attacking her was to attain salvation. Then he not only liberated Bhairava from the cycle of rebirth, but gave him a boon, saying that my darshan will not be considered complete unless a devotee, after me, will see you.
Story of Vaishno Devi Cave Temple:
This story is also associated with Shridhar, a devotee of Vaishno Devi. More than 700 years ago, Sridhar, the supreme devotee of Maa Vaishnavi, lived in Hansali village, some distance from Katra. He was childless and poor, but he thought that one day he would keep the stock of mother.
One day Sridhar invited all the nearby villagers to receive the prasad, and on the Bhandare day, Sridhar requested everyone to go to the house in turn, so that they would get the cooking material and he prepared the food to the guests on the Bhandar day. Can feed. The number of people who helped her was not enough as the guests were very few.
He was thinking how Bhandara would be with so little stuff. The day before Bhandare, Sridhar was unable to sleep even for a moment, wondering how he would be able to provide food to the guests. He was surrounded by problems till morning and now he was looking forward to his mother. He sat outside his hut for worship, by noon the guests had started coming, seeing Sridhar worshiping, he sat where the place looked. All the people sat easily in the small hut of Sridhar.
Sridhar opened his eyes and thought how to feed them all, then he saw a little girl coming out of the hut named Vaishnavi. She came by the grace of God, she was serving delicious food to all, Bhandara was very well endowed. After Bhandare, Sridhar was anxious to learn about the little girl Vaishnavi, but Vaishnavi disappeared and no one saw her after that. After many days, Sridhar had a dream of that little girl, it became clear that she was mother Vaishno Devi. The girl, who came in the form of Mata Rani, told him about the cave and blessed her with a boon of four sons. Sridhar was happy once again and set out in search of the mother’s cave and after a few days he found the cave, since then devotees started going there to see the mother.
landslide hits Vaishno Devi Bhawan
mata vaishno devi
Vaishno Devi route
Vaishno Devi Shrine
Vaishno Devi temple
Vaishno devi yatra
Shakuntala Devi was born on Monday, 4 November 1929 (age 83 years at the time of death in 2013) in Bengaluru. Her zodiac sign was Scorpio. She could not receive a formal education due to her family’s dire situation.
At the age of 3, Shakuntala started exhibiting some advanced skills in numbers, and by the time she reached 5, she could calculate cube roots. Her father discovered her ability to memorise numbers and took her on tours and roadshows and displayed her ability to calculate. Soon, she garnered much attention and started earning money with her talent. Shakuntala, then, visited various universities in southern India. When she was six, she displayed her skills at the University of Mysore. Further, she demonstrated her skills at Annamalai University, Osmania University, and the universities of Hyderabad and Visakhapatnam. In 1944, she earned international recognition and moved to London with her father.
Kiran Devi Rathore! A painting of the brave Rajput queen stamping her feet on Akbar’s chest with her dagger on his neck is displayed at the Jaipur Museum. She is a familiar name in Bikaner in particular and Rajasthan in general, but hardly known across the country. She grounded and humiliated Mughal ruler Akbar when he tried to misbehave with her. Had Akbar not begged or pleaded for his life, History of India would have changed course! Because Indians always followed the rules of Dharma, pardoning whoever begged for pardon. And Kiran Devi Rathore followed it.
The valor of women in India since ancient times is unprecedented. Women since ancient times enjoyed equal status with men. They were educated. They were trained in the art of warfare by choice. The Rigveda finds mention about a warrior queen Vishpala, trained in the art of warfare. She lost a leg in battle an iron leg revived her spirit and she resumed her battlefield exploits. The status of women saw a gradual decline with Islamic invasion and later the British. But their valor remained in tact.
History books have profusely glorified Akbar, terming him as ‘The Great’. How can a ruler who ordered the massacre of around 40,000 Hindu unarmed innocent men, women, and children in Chittor Fort be termed great? How can a ruler who had a harem of hundreds of women be termed great? Historians have hardly questioned his objectionable behaviour. Italian writer and traveller Niccolao Manucci wrote in his book History of the Mogul Dynasty in India: From its Foundation by Tamerlane, in the Year 1399, to the Accession of Aurengzebe, in the Year 1657 about Akbar, “A policy which he employed to fix the Indians in his interests, was, to receive into the number of his wives their daughters, and to contract in marriage with the Rajas princesses of the Mogul blood. By means of these Maliometan women, he embroiled the Rajas in perpetual jars among one another.” The book was presented again by French historian, translator François Catrou.
The concept of Meena Bazaar, also called Kuhs Ruz (Day of Joy) was started by Humayun. This festival was meant only for women and closed for the public. ‘Women’ here are limited only to daughters and wives of noblemen, commanders or ministers of the Mughal Court, women of the Mughal ruler’s harem and Rajput ladies. Shops can be set up by any of these women where cloth, handicrafts, jewellery, home furnishing items, etc. were sold at high prices. The Bazaar or Fair was held for a period of 5-9 days at different locations. The only male members allowed were the Mughal emperor and Mughal princes. The Norouz Fair (New Year Festival) was held in Meena Bazaar.
Though it is said the fairs were held for collecting earnings for charity, various records tell a different story. Niccolao Manucci, who visited and stayed in India during the Mughal era, wrote how Meena Bazaar served as the platform to recruit women into the Mughal emperor’s harem. English traveller and writer Thomas Coryat who visited India in 1615 also wrote how Mughal ruler Shah Jahan visited Meena Bazaar to catch the sight of pretty ladies.
Kiran Devi was the daughter of Shakti Singh, who was the brother of Maharana Pratap. After the death of Maharaja Udai Singh II of Mewar, a fight ensued between his sons. After Maharana Pratap was declared the heir to the throne and the Raja of Mewar, Shakti Singh joined Akbar. At the Mughal court, he earned the title of Mir (Lord). That was how Akbar created enmity between Rajputs by favoring one against the other. But when Shakti Singh learnt about Akbar’s plan of attacking Mewar, he was angered. At the Battle of Haldighati that followed, he joined his brother Maharana Pratap’s forces.
The beautiful Kiran Devi Rathore was married to Prithviraj Rathore, the prince/Raja of Bikaner. Prithviraj’s father Raja Kalyanmal had already surrendered to Akbar’s policy of annexation in 1571. Bikaner thus became a vassal of the Mughal kingdom. Prithviraj Rathore served in the Mughal court of Akbar both as a warrior and as one of the ‘Nine Gems’. He also happened to be a distant cousin of Maharana Pratap. He stayed in Agra along with his queen Kiran Devi.
Meanwhile, the Norouz Fair was held in Meena Bazaar in the Agra Fort premise. As was the rule, no male members were allowed entry in the bazaar area. Akbar entered the Norouz Fair disguised as a Muslim woman. He started roaming around the stalls. A philanderer, he started eyeing on the beautiful women in the fair. Abu’l-Fazl, who was the grand vizier of Akbar’s court and who authored Akbarnama, also described in his writings about how Akbar praised the beauty of Rajput women at the Meena Bazaar fair. Akbar’s eyes fell on Kiran Devi Rathore. He was so enchanted by her beauty that he longed to be with her for a night. Enquiring about her, he came to know who she was, but he could not control his emotions of lust.
Kiran Devi Rathore hated the Mughals, but she had to be by her husband’s side. She did not like the Mughals attacking Rajput kingdoms or their interfering into the affairs of the Rajputs. The Battle of Haldighati was over by then when the Norouz Fair took place. Though the Battle of Haldighati was a stalemate with neither party winning, Akbar considered himself the winner and basked himself in the fake glory. But Kiran Devi was familiar with the valor of her uncle Rana Pratap and she even heard enemies, i.e. soldiers in the Mughal Army and Mughal court sing praises about the Rana’s valor.
Akbar followed Kiran Devi Rathore and blocked her way when he got an opportunity. The Bikaner queen was then alone. She tried to make her way out, but was further stopped by Akbar’s guards. And Akbar confronted her. He showered her with heaps of praises on her beauty and offered her to be his mistress for the night. Kiran Devi realized he was Akbar.
Kiran Devi Rathore immediately responded, asking if he knew who she was. She fearlessly introduced herself as the wife of Prithviraj Rathore, one of the Nine Gems of his court. Akbar smiled. Her introduction did not stop him from advancing further. He asked his guards to leave. As soon as the guards left, Akbar moved closer towards Kiran Devi. But the very next moment, Akbar froze with fear!
Like a lightning’s flash, Kiran Devi Rathore took out the dagger she was carrying on her waist and placed it on Akbar’s throat. The Mughal ruler tumbled down (According to another version, Kiran Devi managed to pull the carpet that Akbar was standing on in the bazaar and Akbar fell. As per this version, other women watched the incident). Kiran Devi immediately put her foot on his chest and continued aiming her dagger on his throat at the same time uttering the following words:
“I am the Rajkumari of Mewar. I will kill the enemy, or die, but never surrender. We are Mewaris who jump in the Jauhar pyre, rather than fall in disgrace or surrender.”
Akbar immediately pleaded, begging for his life. Kiran Devi let him go under a condition that Norouz Fair, which demeaned women, should never be held again ever. A speechless Akbar agreed. Kiran Devi let off her grip. Akbar then walked away in silence.
Sagatsinh Raso by Girdhar Asiya describes this incident of Rajputani valor. Another painting of Kiran Devi Rathore in Bikaner Museum describes the incident thus:
Kiran Lioness pounced
Pulling a dagger on him
Begging for life
Akbar stretched out his hands.
Kiran Devi later narrated the incident to her husband Prithviraj, who felt ashamed. He decided to take help of his Rajput brethren and take revenge. Kiran Devi stopped him. Akbar never dared to approach her and never raised this issue.
1. Maharana Pratap by Bhawan Singh Rana.
2. History of the Mogul Dynasty in India: From its Foundation by Tamerlane, in the Year 1399, to the Accession of Aurengzebe, in the Year 1657 about Akbar, Niccolao Manucci.