24 October 1944

24 October 1944

24 October 1944

October 1944

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War at Sea

German submarine U-673 sunk north of Stavanger after colliding with U-382

Greece

British troops liberate Lamia



What Happened in October 1944

Event of Interest

Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums

Event of Interest

Event of Interest

Oct 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin

    Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam St Louis Cards beat St Louis Browns, 4 games to 2 in 41st World Series Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die Allies bomb sea wall at Veere Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Film Release

Oct 11 "Laura" directed by Otto Preminger starring Gene Tierney and Dana Andrews is released in NYC, New York

    German army retreats from Athens Riga, capital of Latvia, freed US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII Allied troops land in Corfu British troops march into Athens The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary. Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier

Event of Interest

    Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC US Navy says Black women can join WAVES US forces land in the Philippines Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

'I Shall Return'

Oct 20 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
    Canadian troops occupy Breskens World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam Gulf of Leyte battle begin Soviet army invades Hungary Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf

Event of Interest

    Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Event of Interest

Oct 30 Aaron Copland's ballet score "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washington, D.C. with Martha Graham dancing lead role

Event of Interest

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

    Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission

24 October 1944 - History

Escort Carrier USS Gambier Bay, Destroyer Escort USS Raymond, and another Destroyer Escort, elements of Taffy 3, laying smoke before engaging the Japanese Center Force in the Battle Off Samar, Oct 25, 1944.

The Battle off Samar was one of the strangest battles of the war. American commanders after the Battle of Surigao Straits were convinced that the Japanese no longer represented a significant threat and had left the Surigao Straits unguarded. A Japanese force commanded by Admiral Kurita of four battleships, eight cruisers, and eleven destroyers managed to sneak through undetected. The strong US naval force the 3rd fleet which consisted often fleet carriers and six fast battleships and their accompanying cruisers and destroyers had been lured north looking for the force of Japanese aircraft carriers that was being used as bait, the Japanese by now did not have enough experienced aviators to make effective use of the carriers. Sitting in Leyte Bay was a force of six escort carriers and destroyers and destroyers escorts which were left behind to provide support for the troops on the ground. The squadron was commanded by Rear Admiral Sprague.

The Japanese column managed to get with 20 miles of the American force called Taffy 3 before being recognized. The Japanese who thought they had stumbled on the main American battle force immediately started firing their long range battleship turrets. Geysers of water erupted around the American ships. The largely unarmored American force was unequipped to take on a large Japanese battle fleet and Sprague tried to move his force out of the way, while ordering his destroyers to attack with their torpedoes. The three destroyers the Hoel, Heermann and Johnston nobly attacked the larger Japanese ships. The Johnston manage to land a torpedo on the Japanese heavy cruiser Kumano disabling it. The other ships fought valiantly gaining valuable time for the escort carrier and the Japanese ships were forced to change course to avoid the attacks. After the destroyers were sunk by the Japanese the even smaller destroyer escorts were ordered to attack. They fought against overwhelming odds. The commander of the Samuel B Roberts that was sunk wrote:
To witness the conduct of the average enlisted man on board this vessel with an average of less than one year’s service, would make any man proud to be an American. The crew were informed over the loudspeaker system at the beginning of the action of the C.O.’s estimation of the situation: i.e. a fight against overwhelming odds from which survival could not be expected, during which time we would what damage we could. In the face of this knowledge the men zealously named their stations and fought and worked with such calmness, courage and efficiency that no higher honor could be conceived than to command such a group.

Meanwhile Taffy 3 ordered all of its planes in the air and to attack the Japanese ships, regardless of what armor they had aboard. An SOS was sent to all the other Allied ships in the area, and while the fleet carriers were to far away to help the Taffy 1 and Taffy 2 also consisting of escort carriers were close enough. In total the US Navy had 235 fighter planes and 143 torpedo aircraft to take on the Japanese. The planes were not equipped with the right ammunition and pilots had been trained primarily to conduct anti-submarine warfare. But they continuously attacked the Japanese ships with whatever they could.

Between the air attacks and the destroyer attacks the attacking Japanese ships had been damaged, three heavy cruiser sunk, but before Kurita decided to withdraw the had drawn within 10 miles of the American escort ships and were firing a steady stream of shell at them. The escort carrier responded with their own 5 inch guns. The steady stream of shells were enough to sink two of the escort carriers were sunk the Gambier Bay and the St Lo, but the rest survived. The Japanese never got near the transports who were still unloading and the Karita’s force returned to Japan, never to sortie to battle again. It was an expensive victory, 1130 Americans were killed or listed as mission and 913 were wounded.

The last part of the Battle of Leyte,was the Battle of Cape Engano where the US TF 34 found the Japanese carriers. The American force which was made up of 10 fleet carriers. For a whole day the American attacked the Japanese force which had few planes to defend itself. 527 sorties managed to sink fleet carrier Zuikaku, the light carriers Chitose and Zuihō, and the destroyer Akizuki. The light carrier Chiyoda and the cruiser Tama were crippled. What was left of the Japanese force limped back to Japan.


Today in World War II History—October 24, 1939 & 1944

Pilots of US Navy Torpedo Squadron 13 in their ready room aboard carrier Franklin just before the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, 24 Oct 1944 (US National Archives: 80-G-290733)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 24, 1944: Fifty black sailors are convicted of mutiny in the controversial Port Chicago case after only 80 minutes deliberation, all 50 men are given 15-year sentences (Read more: “The Port Chicago Disaster—The Mutiny Trial” ).

Off Formosa, sub USS Tang sinks a ship in a Japanese convoy, having sunk 5 ships with only 9 torpedoes, but Tang is then sunk by her own torpedo (74 killed, but 9 survive as POWs including captain Lt. Cdr. Richard O’Kane, who will receive the Medal of Honor).

In Battle of Leyte Gulf, Japanese aircraft attack US shipping at Leyte US carrier aircraft shoot down 257 Japanese planes and sink Japanese battleship Musashi.


24 October 1944 - History

USS Princeton

The last major naval Battle of the Pacific took part off Leyte after the American landing there. The Japanese divided there forces into three groups.

In the early morning hours of October 23rd the American submarines Darter and Dace which sank two Japanese cruisers and reported the positions of the Japanese ships as they crossed the Palawan Passage. After sinking the ships the Darter ran aground but all of its crew were saved. Now that the location of the Japanese ships were known, the American carriers launched an air strike. Planes from the Intrepid, Cabot, Essex, Lexington ,Franklin and Enterprise launched landed 19 torpedoes and 17 bombs on the Japanese super battleship Musashi, she sunk. Most of the rest of the Japanese forces continued onward.

Meanwhile Japanese land base aircraft attacked the American landing force. Most of the Japanese planes were intercepted, but one got through and landed a bomb on the light carrier the Princeton. The bomb exploded below decks and eventually set off torpedoes below deck. When secondary explosion took place the USS Birmingham was alongside and many of its men were killed during the explosion and the Birmingham was severely damaged. The ship was engulfed in flames, and when it became clear that she could not be saved the order to abandon ship was given and the light cruiser Reno fired torpedoes at it.

The last surface engagement between battleships in history took place next. A Japanese force of two battleships and cruisers and destroyers attempted to penetrate the Leyte Gulf through the Surigao Straits. Awaiting them were two forces of destroyers, a force of cruisers and six battleships. The Battleships included a “ghost fleet” the American battleships that were damaged at Pearl Harbor. They included the West Virginia, Maryland, Mississippi, Tennessee, California, and Pennsylvania.

The first line that the Japanese had to cross as they were the US PT boats. They had little effect. Next a line of destroyers let loose a volley of torpedoes. Both battleships were hit, the Yamashiro was able to keep moving but the Faso was sunk. They ships now faced the line of battleships as well as cruisers. The USS West Virginia had advanced radar control for its guns and it was the first one to fire on the remaining Japanese ships. The Yamshiro was sunk as was a heavy cruiser and three destroyer. It was the most one sided naval battle of the war,
other then damage to one destroyer the US force suffered no damage.


24 October 1944 - History

Casualty Lists of the Royal Navy and Dominion Navies, World War 2
Researched & compiled by Don Kindell, all rights reserved

1st - 31st OCTOBER 1944 - in date, ship/unit & name order

Edited by Gordon Smith, Naval-History.Net

HMS Caradoc, light cruiser

( NP/Mark Teadham, click photographs for enlargements)

Notes:

(1) Casualty information in order - Surname, First name, Initial(s), Rank and part of the Service other than RN (RNR, RNVR, RFR etc), Service Number (ratings only, also if Dominion or Indian Navies), (on the books of another ship/shore establishment, O/P &ndash on passage), Fate

(2) Click for abbreviations

(3) Link to Commonwealth War Graves Commission

(4) More information may be found in the Name Lists

Background Events - September-December 1944

Western Allies cross into Germany, U-boat's British Inshore campaign, V.2's hit London, Russians reach Eastern Europe, Battles of Leyte Gulf

Sunday, 1 October 1944

Bhadravati (RIN)

RAFAEL, A (initial only), Motor Engineer 1c, 77211 (RIN), died

Caradoc

DURRANT, Ernest A, Able Seaman, C/JX 133814, died

Cerberus (RAN), accident

GANNELL, Edwin A, Leading Steward, 17752 (RAN), killed

Copra, explosion

PITHERS, Reginald A, Lieutenant Commander, RNVR, killed

FAA, 828 Sqn, Implacable , air crash

DOUGLAS, James, Ty/Act/Petty Officer Airman, FAA/FX 86988, killed

Gamtoos

BRAND, Daniel G, Petty Officer Cook, 67086 V (SANF), died

Hamla (RIN)

JAYPAUL, J (initial only), Stoker 2c, 18864 (RIN), died

Jupiter, as POW

PITT, James C, Able Seaman, P/JX 162422, died

LCA.665

BEBBINGTON, George R, Able Seaman, P/JX 326877, DOWS

MTB .360, ship loss

CHILTON, Arthur S, Able Seaman, P/JX 518867, MPK

COOPER, Thomas P, Able Seaman, P/JX 326623, MPK

CUMMING, Alexander, Telegraphist, D/JX 206782, MPK

ELLIOTT, John, Able Seaman, D/JX 416531, MPK

GILES, Thomas M, Telegraphist, P/JX 624408, MPK

HOBBS , William P, Able Seaman, C/JX 545789, MPK

JAMES, Dennis N, Stoker 1c, P/KX 164552, MPK

KEEM, Clarence C, Ty/Petty Officer, C/JX 607977, killed

WILTSHIRE, George E, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

Penghambat

TALIB, Bin A T, Able Seaman, RN (Malay Section), died

Restigouche ( RCN )

HAMILTON, Delmar, Petty Officer Supply, V/6457 (RCNVR), died

RN College Greenwich, explosion

GRIGOR, James MacL, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, (Odyssey), killed

St George, illness

SHEARS, Maurice H, Boy 2c, P/JX 712489, died

Tormentor, illness

GILES, Frederick C, Able Seaman, P/221174, died

Monday, 2 October 1944

Ameer , illness

CROOK, Cyril B, Air Fitter (E), FAA/FX 82299, died

Dalhousie (RIN)

PHATAK, B (initial only) P, Able Seaman, 17654 (RIN), died

Devon City , illness

NIDD, Herbert T, Ty/Paymaster Lieutenant, RNR , died

Drake, illness

BATESON, John C, Leading Sick Berth Attendant, D/MX 83951, died

FAA, 1843 Sqn, Gannet, air crash

BAKER, Ivor J, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

ML.281, drowning

WOODS, Herbert G, Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, died

Odyssey

JOHNSON, Arthur, Signalman, C/JX 342517, DOWS

Paragon, illness

WILLIS, Robert H, Commissioned Engineer, died

President, illness

GOSSAGE, Ralph B, Act/Captain, died

St Angelo

COLE, Reginald G L, Writer, C/MX 698188, illness, died

MIZZI, Francis G A P D, Able Seaman, E/JX 583827, killed

Tuesday, 3 October 1944

BYMS.2154, mining

BUTLER , John E, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 280226, killed

MIALL, Arthur S, Chief Engineman, RNPS, LT/KX 98760, killed

Eland

HARDAKER, Maurice, Ordinary Seaman, C/JX 355290, DOWS

FAA, 761 Sqn, Argus , air crash

WHITEHEAD, George H, Ty/Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

FAA, 800 Sqn, Emperor , air operations

WILSON, Keith F, Ty/Act/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

Jupiter, as POW

MOORE, Thomas, Ty/Act/Ty/Stoker Petty Officer, D/KX 97330, died

PERRYER, Harold J, Chief Engine Room Artificer, D/MX 46556, died

ROCKETT, Ronald W, Ordinary Signalman, D/JX 234234, died

SHINNER, Raymond C, Stoker 2c, D/KX 98106, died

LCT.377, ship loss

NIMMO, James B, Able Seaman, C/JX 316082, MPK

Wednesday, 4 October 1944

Chebogue ( RCN ), torpedoed

CARL, Charles G, Signalman, V/54340 (RCNVR), MPK

FISH, George H, Cook, V/49455 (RCNVR), MPK

GAAL, Joseph, Able Seaman, V/31242 (RCNVR), killed

REID, Daniel MacF McL, Leading Seaman, 3611 ( RCN ), MPK

SMITH, Larry D, Engine Room Artificer, V/70453 (RCNVR), MPK

SMITH, Richard A, Stoker, V/27489 (RCNVR), MPK

STODDART, Charles J, Stoker, V/59418 (RCNVR), MPK

Drake

LUKE, Ronald, Able Seaman, D/SR 8641, DOWS

Gambia , road accident

PYE, John, Able Seaman, P/JX 304168, killed

LCT.377, ship loss

ADAMS , Bernard E, Able Seaman, P/JX 270929, MPK

BAINES, Victor H, Act/Petty Officer Wireman, D/MX 102257, MPK

BARBER, Cecil L, Ty/Skipper, RNR , MPK

BRYER, Kerrigan J, Ty/Midshipman, RNVR, MPK

DALTON , James, Able Seaman, P/JX 383280, MPK

MARSLAND, Clifford, Ty/Act/Leading Seaman, D/JX 204170, MPK

MARTIN, Alfred J, Stoker 1c, P/KX 111608, MPK

RAWLING, Eric, Stoker 1c, D/ SKX 920, MPK

RIDOUT, William A, Able Seaman, D/JX 346615, MPK

ROBB, William, Wireman, D/MX 96719, MPK

TAYLOR , Charles W, Petty Officer Motor Mechanic, C/MX 68114, MPK

WOODCOCK, Leslie S, Act/Able Seaman, C/JX 374960, MPK

WOODWARD, Harold J H, Able Seaman, D/JX 364424, MPK

Protector ( RCN )

BURTON , George A, Commander, RCNR, died

Restigouche ( RCN )

JEWETT, George S, Chief Petty Officer, 2227 ( RCN ), MPK

Shrapnel

REID, Duncan McK, Surgeon Lieutenant Commander, RNVR, died

Thursday, 5 October 1944

Aurora

DODIMEAD, Frederick L, Ty/Corporal, RM, PO /X 2919, killed

Biter , illness

HANCOCK, John G, Ordinary Seaman, D/JX 570327, died

Cornwallis ( RCN )

SIGURDSON, John, Ordinary Seaman, V/88746 (RCNVR), died

Dalhousie (RIN)

KHAN, Zaman, Ordinary Seaman, 19890 (RIN), died

FAA, 759 Sqn, Heron, air crash

ACHESON, Michael E B, Sub Lieutenant, killed

Nairana , illness

WIGGERHAM, Herbert L, Ty/Act/Leading Seaman, RNVR, C/LD/X 2313, DOWS

Savage

HAYDEN, Percy C, Able Seaman, C/JX 444962, MPK

Victory, illness

SHAW, William, Ordinary Seaman, P/JX 503350, died

Friday, 6 October 1944

Adamant, enemy action

ADAMS, Dennis J, Lieutenant, DOW

Afrikander, drowning

MILLER, James J, Chief Petty Officer Steward, C/LX 28006, died

Bermuda , illness

SPARHAM, Malcolm H, Ordinary Signalman, D/JX 612284, died

Bonito

MARSHALL , James, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 160223, MPK

Eaglet, drowning

ROBERTS, John W, Able Seaman, D/JX 284771, died

Electra, as POW

PEACEFUL, James G E, Able Seaman, C/SSX 17734, died

FAA, 1820 Sqn, Nightjar, air crash

NEVILLE, Alan E, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

Naden ( RCN )

WRAGG, George F, Electrical Lieutenant, RCN , died

Ringtail

TURNER, Frank T, Assistant Steward, C/LX 613540, killed

RM Plymouth Division, illness

MAJOR, Cyril H, Ty/Act/Captain, RM, died

Saturday, 7 October 1944

FAA, 807 Sqn, Hunter , air operations

STEWART, Donald, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

FAA, 809 Sqn, Stalker , air operations

PERRY, Anthony D, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

LCI( L).290, friendly surface action

BOUCHER, Frederick G, Able Seaman, D/JX 367662, killed

ML.1118 (RIN), friendly air attack

APPACHAN, A (initial only) A, Able Seaman, 8116 (RIN), killed

GOPAL, Krishan R, Ordinary Signalman, 14176 (RIN), (temporarily assigned from ML.1120), killed

JOSHUA, D (initial only), Motor Engineer 1c, 77213 (RIN), (temporarily assigned from ML.1120), killed

SEN , S (initial only) K, Sub Lieutenant, RINVR, killed

ML.1119 (RIN), friendly air attack, ship loss

ABDUL, Majid, Able Seaman, 13702 (RIN), killed

FERNANDES, R (initial only), Able Seaman, 19621 (RIN), killed

MUHAMMAD, Yusuf, Leading Seaman, 4952 (RIN), killed

VED, Prakash, Ordinary Telegraphist, 9811 (RIN), killed

ML.1299

BURGESS, David K, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 154495, DOWS

MMS .106

RAMAGE, John, Signalman, RNPS, LT/JX 204090, DOWS

Vidonia, ship loss

AYTON, Hugh S, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 131759, MPK

DAVIES, Wilfred E, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 108142, killed

DICK, John G, Engineman, RNR (PS), LT/X 4069 T, MPK

GREGORY, Ivor J, Cook, RNPS, LT/MX 109491, MPK

JARVIS, Edward, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 695932, killed

KERRIDGE, Ralph, Petty Officer, RNPS, LT/JX 196995, MPK

MACDONALD, Donald J, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 400447, MPK

WELTON, Edwin H, Ordinary Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 662418, MPK

Sunday, 8 October 1944

Easton

MACKENZIE, James S, Leading Seaman, RNR , P/X 20956 A, died

FAA, 826 Sqn, Slinger , air crash

ROSE, Brian W, Ty/Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

Lonsdale (RAN)

HABERSBERGER, Frank C, Electrical Artificer, 16959 (RAN), killed

MGB.642, surface action

PHILLIPS, Patrick, Stoker 1c, P/KX 155244, killed

MMS .1031

VANCE, William G, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 532174, DOWS

MTB .727

MCCALLUM, Lothrop, Leading Seaman, V/18126 (RCNVR), killed

Nonsuch ( RCN )

SUTHERLAND, Jackson R, Ordinary Seaman, V/91354 (RCNVR), died

Valiant

BROWN, John J, Able Seaman, P/JX 186338, DOWS

Westminster

BINNS, Arnold , Act/Leading Stoker, P/K 60841, DOWS

Monday, 9 October 1944

FAA, 807 Sqn, Cormorant II, air crash

LITLER, John A, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

Kongoni

KEMP, George A, Marine, RME 10420, DOWS

Libra, illness

HOLE, William H, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 288899, died

MTB .467, surface action

JONES, Edward, Able Seaman, C/JX 406920, killed

Nile

COLLINS, William, Ty/Leading Cook (S), C/MX 106613, DOWS

Norfolk

SHEARER, Thomas, Ordinary Seaman, D/JX 568272, DOWS

RM 40 Commando , Albania

BAIN, James S, Ty/Act/Company Sergeant Major, RM, PLY /X 764, killed

HILES, William J, Ty/Act/Captain, RM, killed

MACPHERSON, Michael S, Ty/Act/Captain, RM, killed

PRATT, George S, Marine, CH/X 3203, killed

SALT, James V, Marine, PO/X 114584, killed

ST ANGE, William J, Marine, PO /X 114352, killed

RM Portsmouth Division, illness

HAYWOOD, George, Marine, PO /X 104906, died

Squid, illness

AMBROSE, James H, Able Seaman, D/JX 418780, died

Tuesday, 10 October 1944

Drake

ABBOTT, Albert E, Petty Officer Steward, D/LX 22964, DOWS

FAA, 841 Sqn, Implacable , air crash

MAITLAND, Philip W, Ty/Act/Petty Officer Airman, RNVR, FAA/LD/X 5350, MPK

FAA, 1843 Sqn, Gannet, air crash

MCHAFFIE, Richard J, Ty/Act/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

Landing Craft No.767 (reported as LCI.767, but neither LCI( L).767 nor LCI(S).767 were built. Possibly LCA.767)

MURPHY, Edward J, Leading Seaman, D/JX 226840, DOWS

Malayan RNVR

YUSUF, Bin A, Leading Seaman, SE/X 83 (Malayan RNVR), MPK

MGB.663, ship loss

ROWLEY, James, Able Seaman, P/JX 369763, MPK

SYKES, Reginald G, Leading Motor Mechanic, P/MX 634490, MPK

THACKRAY, George E, Ty/Act/Leading Stoker, C/KX 136197, MPK

RM 40 Commando

PINCHER, Ronald, Marine, PLY /X 113394, killed in Albania

WHITE, Charles H P, Ty/Corporal, RM, CH/X 2124, DOWS in Italy

Wednesday, 11 October 1944

FAA, 800 Sqn, Emperor , air operations

SPENCER, Charles D, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNZNVR, killed

FAA, 804 Sqn, Malagas, air crash

CARR, Wilfred, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

FAA, 808 Sqn, Corncrake, air crash

BROOKES, Alfred C, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

MGB.662, surface action

CLARKE, Alan, Able Seaman, C/JX 375105, killed

Pamela, steamship

BRANT, Gerald R, Act/Able Seaman (DEMS), P/JX 556948, (President III , O/P), MPK

QUINN, Francis O, Act/Able Seaman (DEMS), D/JX 346080, (President III , O/P), MPK

RM 41 Commando

HAMMOND , James F, Ty/Act/Sergeant, RM, CH/X 104459, DOWS

Saker, air crash

NEWMAN, Derek, Act/Leading Airman, FAA/FX 705115, killed

Terpsichore

HOLDSWORTH, Jack, Act/Stoker 1c, P/KX 164707, killed

Thursday, 12 October 1944

Active

LAYTON , Peter, Able Seaman, D/JX 365789, MPK

Jupiter, as POW

LINDSAY, James, Able Seaman, D/JX 155802, died

Marshal Soult

FRYER, James A, Leading Seaman, RNR (PS), LT/X 19892 A, DOWS

ML.1119, friendly air attack

DONALD, Timothy H, Sub Lieutenant, RINVR, DOW

MMS .170, ship loss

BROWN, Alan R, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 202355, MPK

CASEY, Eric A, Telegraphist, RNPS, LT/JX 323086, MPK

MACKAY, Ian, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 160796, MPK

NOBLE, George W, Engineman, RNPS, LT/KX 12673, MPK

SAVAGE, Robert H F, Ty/Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

WHEELER, Alfred, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 205669, MPK

YOUNG, James S, 2nd Hand, RNPS, LT/JX 190165, MPK

Pembroke, accident

HARDING, Alfred, Supply Assistant, C/MX 122085, died

RM 47 Commando

NUTTALL, James H, Marine, CH/X 109156, DOWS

Victory IV

PICKWELL, Claude J, Lieutenant, RNVR, died

Friday, 13 October 1944

Dalhousie (RIN)

QADIR, Muhammad, Ordinary Seaman, 73793 (RIN), died

FAA, 785 Sqn, Jackdaw, air crash

MCFEE, James, Ty/Act/Petty Officer Airman, FAA/FX 114987, MPK

FAA, 793 Sqn, Goshawk, air crash

HAYNES, Thomas, Naval Airman 1c, FAA/FX 94574, MPK

(FAA), 9th Pilot Advanced Flying Unit, RAF course, air crash

WEBBER, Maurice R W, Midshipman (A), (Macaw), killed

Indomitable

FRY, Anthony A, Air Mechanic (L) 1c, FAA/FX 114627, DOWS

LCT( A).2454, ship loss

CHARMAN, Peter A, Able Seaman, P/JX 365848, killed

COCHRANE, Thomas J, Able Seaman, C/JX 375555, MPK

COCKING, Harold, Act/Able Seaman, D/JX 421343, MPK

COHEN, Raymond M G, Stoker 1c, P/KX 146460, killed

COTTON, Gordon O, Wireman, D/MX 534797, MPK

HOOD, Leonard W, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

MURRAY , Peter McG, Ordinary Seaman, C/JX 657520, MPK

PENNEY, William C, Stoker 1c, D/KX 163238, MPK

LCT(R).484, accident

ROBERTSON, Ewan, Telegraphist, P/JX 342379, died

ML.1057

WILSON, Robert W J, Leading Seaman, P/JX 160843, MPK

Pembroke

SIMPSON, Hugh, Able Seaman, C/JX 696416, died

RM 1st Heavy AA Brigade

WILLIAMSON, George H, Ty/Act/Sergeant, RM, CH/X 192, killed

RM 40 Commando

FANTHAM, Maurice, Marine, PO /X 114817, DOWS

RM 5th AA Brigade

MCKEOWN, John, Ty/Corporal, RM, EX/5463, killed

Saturday, 14 October 1944

BYMS.2155, boat accident

BOOTH, John A, Ty/Act/Lieutenant Commander, RNR , killed

George W Mcknight, steamship

LANG, Eric W, Act/Able Seaman (DEMS), C/JX 335418, (President III , O/P), MPK

MCGUIGAN, Robert N, Ty/Act/Leading Seaman (DEMS), C/JX 283173, (President III , O/P), MPK

Magog ( RCN ), torpedoed

DAVIES, Thomas E, Petty Officer, V 22485 (RCNVR), killed

ELLIOTT, Gordon T, Ordinary Seaman, V/69859 (RCNVR), killed

KELLY, Kenneth J, Able Seaman, V/47918 (RCNVR), MPK

Palisade

STANSBIE, Joseph J, Able Seaman, R/JX 554382, DOWS

Rajah , drowning

FREER, Harry, Able Seaman, C/JX 259471, died

Scott, minesweeping sloop, drowning

DANSIE, Charles B, Lieutenant, killed in rescue attempt

EDWARDS, Ronald C, Marine, CH/X 101993 (RN Naval Party 1503), killed

FLYNN, John J J, Stoker 1c, C/KX 143595, killed

NICHOLSON, John J, Marine, CH/X 106325, killed

PECKITT, Thomas, Ty/Leading Seaman, C/SSX 33242, MPK

RICHARDS, Leslie F, Act/Able Seaman, C/JX 548878, killed

WHITMORE, Walter J, Ty/Petty Officer, C/JX 144194, killed

Sphinx

SIMPSON, William J, Able Seaman, P/JX 427338, DOWS

Tana, illness

HARRISON , Thomas, Cook (S), P/MX 83086, DOWS

Victory, illness

COOK, Cyril, Ty/Chaplain, RNVR, died

Z Special Unit, SOE &ldquoRimau&rdquo Commando Operation, second canoe attack on Singapore Harbour

DAVIDSON, Donald M N, Lieutenant Commander, RNVR (Moreton (RAN)), killed

Sunday, 15 October 1944

3 Maritime Regt, RA

RODDEN, James R, Gunner, RA, 11422066, MPK

Cedric

SLESSOR, James D, Engineman, LT/KX 124828, DOWS

Cormorant, illness

FARAGHER, Lawrence H, Act/Commander, RNR , died

Lanka, illness

FOSTER, James G, Warrant Air Officer, died

Larne, mined

KEW , Ivor M, Stoker Petty Officer, P/KX 75186, killed

MUNRO, William, Stoker 2c, P/KX 638968, killed

MFV.117, ship loss

BLACK, John W, Act/Leading Stoker, P/KX 103384, MPK

CONNELL, Terence W, Able Seaman, C/JX 375243, MPK

FOREMAN, Thomas E, Able Seaman, P/JX 426957, MPK

WOODS, Donald C, Stoker 1c, RNPS, LT/KX 160920, MPK

ML.870, ship loss

CAHILL, Joseph W J, Ty/Lieutenant, RNVR, killed

EBBUTT, Reginald T, Able Seaman, C/JX 316812, killed

MOORE , Norman , Act/Able Seaman, C/JX 573142, DOW

ROGERS, Samuel F, Ordinary Telegraphist, RNPS, LT/JX 330191, killed

Odyssey

CAVE, George H, Marine, EX 5137, DOWS

Petronella, steamship

HEALD, Sydney, Ty/Act/Leading Seaman (DEMS), D/JX 254383, (President III , O/P), MPK

MANSBRIDGE, John G, Act/Able Seaman (DEMS), C/JX 278302, (President III , O/P), MPK

MATKIN, Richard J, Act/Able Seaman (DEMS), P/JX 399990, (President III , O/P), MPK

Royalist

HAY, George E, Marine, PO /X 100080, DOWS

South African Naval Force

WATSON, George, Lieutenant, SANF, died

Monday, 16 October 1944

FAA, 1840 Sqn, Sparrowhawk, air crash

COCKBURN, Hugh, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

RM 48 Commando

PUGH, Harold, Marine, PO /X 112224, DOWS

Tuesday, 17 October 1944

Defiance , illness

JONES, Catherine P, WRNS, PLY /WRNS 48234, died

FAA, 815 Sqn, Indomitable , air operations and crash

DEARNLEY, Brian P, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

FARMELO, Christopher B, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

JENNER, Kenneth W, Ty/Act/Petty Officer Airman, FAA/FX 90676, killed

FAA, 1834 Sqn, Victorious , air operations

CHANDLER , John O, Ty/Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

FAA, 1836 Sqn, Victorious , air operations

HILL, Eric, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

FAA, 1839 Sqn, Indomitable , air operations

MACKENZIE, Donald M, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

Hooghley (RIN)

BANNERJEE, S (initial only) M, Lieutenant, RINVR, died

ML.584, illness

PARKINSON, Joseph H, Ordinary Seaman, P/JX 427728, died

MTB .397

HINKINS, John R, Able Seaman, C/JX 397171, killed

MTB .399

YOUNG, Roy G C, Ordinary Seaman, P/JX 429619, DOWS

Rawalpindi , as POW

THOMAS, Ernest W, Fireman, T.124, died

Wednesday, 18 October 1944

Allington Castle , lost overboard

BARNES, Douglas , Ordinary Seaman, C/JX 549647, MPK

Atalanta

DORWARD, John, Petty Officer, RNVR, R/X 7382 C, DOWS

Frisky

REVILL, John, Fireman, 319177 NAP , MPK

LCT.488, foundered, stress of weather, Lands End, ship loss, 18th-19th

HOWARD, Edward G, Able Seaman, P/JX 387399, MPK

HOWARD, Roy W, Stoker 1c, D/KX 158239, MPK

MCCOLL, James, Act/Able Seaman, D/JX 227963, MPK

LCT.494, foundered, stress of weather, Lands End, ship loss, 18th-19th

BAYFORD, Charles, Leading Motor Mechanic, C/MX 125979, MPK

BERRY , John D G, Stoker 1c, C/KX 140548, MPK

BUSUTTIL, John J, Act/Able Seaman, C/JX 408048, MPK

DICKINSON , Ronald V, Act/Leading Stoker, P/KX 146595, MPK

DONALDSON, Andrew, Ordinary Seaman, C/JX 409670, MPK

EAGER, Leonard A C, Ty/Act/Leading Seaman, C/JX 351717, MPK

ELLINGWORTH, Peter, Ty/Midshipman, RNVR, MPK

FITZSIMON, Barry S, Act/Leading Seaman, P/JX 327463, MPK

FRASER, Alistair, Wireman, D/MX 615703, MPK

GILMOUR, Roland J, Ty/Act/Sub Lieutenant, RNZNVR, MPK

HARTLEY, Edward C, Ordinary Seaman, D/JX 421185, MPK

JAMES, Arthur S, Stoker 1c, D/KX 163293, MPK

KILLINGBACK, Kenneth, Ordinary Seaman, D/JX 640249, MPK

MCCUNNELL, William H, Wireman, D/MX 658129, MPK

MURTS, John, Ty/Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

SHIPSTON, John, Telegraphist, C/JX 343262, MPK

SMITH, George, Able Seaman, C/JX 351355, MPK

LCT.7014, foundered, stress of weather, Lands End, ship loss, 18th-19th

DAWSON, Leslie, Leading Stoker, P/KX 116656, MPK

DIXON , Edward G, Stoker 2c, P/KX 526160, MPK

FAIRHEAD, Alan H G, Telegraphist, C/JX 677000, killed

FARRELL, James, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

FIRTH, Parker, Leading Seaman, P/JX 231331, MPK

HOLT , Jack W, Able Seaman, P/JX 416613, MPK

PRATT, Donald W, Stoker 1c, P/KX 162280, MPK

REGAN, James, Able Seaman, C/JX 188625, MPK

WESTCOTT, Robert C, Motor Mechanic, C/MX 623901, MPK

LCT.7015, foundered, stress of weather, Lands End, ship loss, 18th-19th

CONDICK, Dennis H, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, killed

CONNOLLY, John, Ordnance Artificer 4c, D/MX 90406, MPK

GERNER, Christian A, Act/Leading Stoker, P/KX 127662, MPK

GLEADALL, Horace, Stoker 1c, P/KX 140446, MPK

HAIGH, Geoffrey J, Able Seaman, D/JX 362563, MPK

HANNAN, George, Telegraphist, C/JX 579916, MPK

HARDAKER, Kenneth, Leading Motor Mechanic, C/MX 691177, MPK

HAVELOCK , Leonard, Able Seaman, C/JX 372400, MPK

HAYWARD , Humphrey M, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

JONES, Park K, Act/Petty Officer, P/JX 159796, MPK

KELYNACK, William, Ty/Act/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

LORIMER, James W, Stoker 1c, P/KX 525156, MPK

ORAM, Bertram W J, Able Seaman, P/JX 325605, MPK

POWELL, Rhys W, Wireman, D/MX 619718, MPK

SINGER, Leslie C, Able Seaman, P/JX 383916, MPK

TAYLOR , John M, Act/Able Seaman, C/JX 397191, MPK

TONGE, Peter, Act/Able Seaman, C/JX 542284, MPK

WARRINGTON , Clement S, Able Seaman, P/JX 328995, MPK

LCT.7023

ARCHIBALD, James, Act/Able Seaman, D/JX 367179, MPK

Meadowsweet

RAINFORD, Cyril, Telegraphist, P/JX 634970, DOWS

Thursday, 19 October 1944

Drake, illness

GILL, Ernest, Leading Cook, D/MX 90463, died

Elissa

SMITH, Leslie C, Signalman, P/JX 204657, DOWS

FAA, 1844 Sqn, Indomitable , air operations

GRINHAM, Dennis F, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

FAA, 711 Sqn, Jackdaw, air crash

MABON, John W R, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, DOI,

FAA, 841 Sqn, Implacable , air operations

GOODFELLOW, Richard M, Ty/Lieutenant (A), RNZNVR, MPK

HALL , George A, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

Findhorn, steamship

PHILLIPS, Raymond W G, Act/Able Seaman, D/JX 337179, (President III , O/P), MPK

Iroquois ( RCN )

COUGHLIN, Clifton R F, Lieutenant Commander, RCNVR, died

Jupiter, as POW

QUINN, Patrick, Able Seaman, D/SSX 29386, died

LCT.488, foundered, stress of weather, Lands End, ship loss ,18th -19th

ARMSTEAD, Stanley, Leading Wireman, D/MX 510022, MPK

BELL , Peter G, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNZNVR, MPK

COCKBILL, Alfred C, Wireman, D/MX 630047, MPK

GLADMAN, Reginald J, Telegraphist, C/JX 616299, MPK

LONG, Martin, Petty Officer Motor Mechanic, C/MX 126648, MPK

THOMAS, Arthur P P, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

LCT.491, foundered, stress of weather, Lands End, ship loss, 18th-19th

EDWARDS, Charles J, Able Seaman, P/JX 328647, MPK

Pembroke, illness

RICHARDS, Edgar E, Commissioned Gunner, died

Roberts , illness

WALKER, Gilbert G, Able Seaman, D/JX 563901, died

Sultan, as POW

WATERS, Ronald G M, Act/Petty Officer, D/J 114822, died

Thorough, illness

WINGROVE, Robert H, Able Seaman, P/JX 381946, died

Friday, 20 October 1944

Chaleur II ( RCN )

GRENIER, Joseph O A, Able Seaman, V/3502 (RCNVR), died

Collingwood

SULLIVAN, Arthur S, Leading Sick Berth Attendant, P/MX 73232, DOWS

FAA, 745 Sqn, Seaborn, air crash

BENNETT, John A, Ty/Act/Leading Airman, FAA/FX 606923, killed

BROOKES, Albert D, Ty/Act/Leading Airman, FAA/FX 605894, killed

STANIER, Raymond E, Ty/Act/Leading Airman, FAA/FX 605203, killed

TAYLOR, Henry, Ty/Act/Leading Airman, FAA/FX 614771, killed

Kuttabul II, illness

HAMPTON, Thomas G, Constable, NDP, 775 (NDP), died

Lanka

LANE, George E, Leading Stores Assistant, C/MX 95908, DOWS

LCF.26, ex-LCT.806

HODGKINSON, Thomas, Stoker 1c, P/KX 104606, died

LST.413, drowning

WOODS, Leslie H, Act/Leading Stoker, P/KX 158595, DOW

Pembroke, illness

HAWGOOD, Edwin, Shipwright 1c, C/MX 45751, died

RM 27th Battalion

HIGGIN, Robert M, Marine, PO /X 114835, DOWS

Spartiate

MOIR, John, Able Seaman, P/JX 307044, DOWS

Copra, USN VF Sqn, Officer Training Unit, air crash

STATMAN, Montague, Ty/Act/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

Saturday, 21 October 1944

6 Maritime Regt, RA

BAKER, Maurice, Gunner, RA, 984055, MPK

Australia (RAN), Kamikaze attack

BAYLEY, Henry B, Lieutenant, RANR (S), killed

BUCKLAND, Max, Able Seaman, PM 6014 (RANR), DOW

CORNISH, Robert J, Act/Leading Seaman, 23732 (RAN), killed

DE LA FONTAINE, Eric S, Able Seaman, PM 4828 (RANR), DOW

DEBENHAM, Ian K, Sub Lieutenant, RANVR, DOW

DECHAINEUX, Frank E V, Captain, RAN, DOW

ELLER, Henry P, Able Seaman, 14621 (RAN), killed

ERWIN, John N, Able Seaman, S 6904 (RANR), DOW

FENTON, Gordon K, Able Seaman, H 2118 (RANR), DOW

GERRETT, Harrie B, Lieutenant Commander, RAN, DOW

GREIG, Graham J, Lieutenant, RAN, DOW

HANSEN, Vincent L, Able Seaman, S 7238 (RANR), DOW

HOCKING, John W, Able Seaman, PM 6289 (RANR), DOW

HOCKING, Ronald, Ordinary Seaman, PA 4406 (RANR), killed

HOOKINS, Richard S, Ordinary Seaman, PM 7168 (RANR), DOW

HUTCHISON, George F, Chief Petty Officer, 13263 (RAN), killed

IRVINE , Raymond, Able Seaman, S 8206 (RANR), MPK

JONES, Ivor M, Lieutenant, RANVR, killed

MAUNSELL, Allan R, Able Seaman, S 5801 (RANR), DOW

MILLER, Francis G, Able Seaman, 18125 (RAN), killed

PARKINSON, Richard J, Able Seaman, PM 2686 (RANR), DOW

PERRIN, Frederick P, Able Seaman, 14288 (RAN), DOW

PITTENDRIGH, Donald, Leading Seaman, F 3746 (RANR), DOW

POTTER, Christopher P, Ordinary Seaman, PM 7170 (RANR), DOW

RATTRAY, Noel A, Able Seaman, 24493 (RAN), killed

RAYMENT, John F, Act/Commander, RAN, DOW

SHARPE, Ronald H, Ordinary Seaman, F 5175 (RANR), DOW

SPURR, Francis F, Able Seaman, S 6949 (RANR), DOW

STEELE, Robert M, Able Seaman, PA 2854 (RANR), DOW

STEPHENSON, Frederick G, Able Seaman, B 3634 (RANR), DOW

Coriolanus, illness

CARPENTER, George E, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 437334, died

Daedalus, illness

BIDDLECOMBE, Diana S, WRNS, P/WRNS 4760, died

Pembroke, illness

WILLIAMS, Kenneth E, Leading Motor Mechanic, C/MX 551475, DOWS

Penguin (RAN), illness

OWENS, John E, Lieutenant (E), RAN, died

Rhyl

LAIDLAW, Leslie, Able Seaman, P/JX 624917, MPK

RM 41 Commando, Belgian operations

CARR, Thomas E, Ty/Act/Sergeant, RM, CH/X 103923, killed

HOLT , Harry, Marine, PO /X 111449, killed

PRICE, John A W, Marine, PLY /X 111922, DOWS

St Angelo

SHERBORNE, Gordon P, Corporal, RM, PLY /X 1337, DOWS

Sunday, 22 October 1944

Dalhousie (RIN)

JOSEPH, (None), Cook (S), 19796 (RIN), died

Drake, illness

REA, Basil S, Commander (S), died

Greenwich , illness

PIPE, John A, Commander, died

Impregnable, road accident

KEAST, Maurice J E, Canteen Assistant, C/NX 703999, died

New Waterford ( RCN )

LEWIS, John C L, Paymaster Lieutenant, RCNVR, died

Sphinx, accident

WOOD, Robert W, Able Seaman, P/JX 518370, DOWS

Monday, 23 October 1944

Banff

FREEMAN, Edward G, Act/Leading Stoker, P/KX 100048, DOWS

Byrsa

SMITH, Robert, Joiner 4c, D/MX 510751, DOW

Daedalus, road accident

DAVIS, Frederick K K, Petty Officer Airman, FAA/FX 76553, killed

Striker

BOND, Albert C, Able Seaman, P/JX 194522, DOWS

Whittington

COCKROFT, John W, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 373896, MPK=

Tuesday, 24 October 1944

RM Chatham Division, illness

HALL , Warwick J, Sergeant, RM, CH/14015, died

RN (Malay Section), as POW

ABDUL, Rahman B E, Able Seaman, MN 415 (Malay Section), died

Saunders, illness

HAWKINS, Arthur C, Leading Stoker, C/KX 116955, died

Stoic, surface action

CLOWREY, Frederick P, Able Seaman, D/SSX 21453, MPK

Wednesday, 25 October 1944

BYMS.2077, ship loss

BAXANDALE, Edward, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 157627, MPK

BREMNER, John W, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 170565, MPK

CALL, Frederick J, Ty/Act/Lieutenant Commander, RNR , DOW

CAMPBELL , Andrew D, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 527201, MPK

COCKERILL, Victor J, Steward, RNPS, LT/LX 31344, MPK

CURRIE, James, Engineman, RNPS, LT/KX 148979, MPK

DAVIES, John J, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 373139, MPK

DERAIMO, Norman P, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 154703, MPK

GLEED, Robert G, Ordinary Signalman, RNPS, LT/JX 322654, MPK

GREEN, Alfred W G, Engineman, LT/KX 135857, killed

JAMESON, Henry J, Signalman, RNPS, LT/JX 344525, MPK

JONES, Ivor W, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 428513, MPK

MACKIE, James, Engineman, RNPS, LT/KX 114173, MPK

MALLETT, James M, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 532617, MPK

PACKWOOD, Harold, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 299618, MPK

RUTHERFORD , George, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 354943, MPK

SMITH, Horace C, Ty/Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, MPK

SPARKES, Victor M, Engineman, RNPS, LT/KX 124782, MPK

WEBSTER, Frederick J, Stoker, RNPS, LT/KX 156122, MPK

WETHERILL, Samuel, Telegraphist, RNPS, LT/JX 269428, MPK

RM 375th Engineers Detachment

COX , Alfred, Marine, RME 10639, died

Skeena ( RCN ), ship loss

APOSTOLOS, Archie, Steward, V/44615 (RCNVR), killed

BLAIS, Joseph F A, Leading Seaman, V/4777 (RCNVR), MPK

COOK, Desmond B W, Cook (S), V/51070 (RCNVR), killed

DAVIDSON, Gordon, Able Seaman, V/55130 (RCNVR), killed

ELLIS, Melvin N, Able Seaman, V/50983 (RCNVR), killed

GABOUREL, Lloyd A, Able Seaman, V/63956 (RCNVR), killed

HANCOCK, Ralph G, Leading Signalman, V/13220 (RCNVR), killed

JANOS, Joseph F, Able Seaman, 4408 ( RCN ), killed

JOHNSTON, Joseph N, Able Seaman, V/44249 (RCNVR), killed

PRESSNER, Edward J, Steward, V/45330 (RCNVR), killed

SEATH, Richie O, Coder, V/23611 (RCNVR), killed

SILK, James E, Leading Seaman, V/19493 (RCNVR), killed

STEWART, Kenneth W, Able Seaman, V/36475 (RCNVR), killed

UNGER, Abraham, Able Seaman, V/39733 (RCNVR), killed

WATSON, Leonard, Able Seaman, V/46243 (RCNVR), killed

Vatersay, accident

BOSANQUET, Samuel J A, Ty/Lieutenant, RNVR, killed

Thursday, 26 October 1944

BYMS.2006, lost overboard

CLAXTON, Leonard, Ty/Act/Skipper Lieutenant, RNR , killed

FAA, 717 Sqn, Owl, air crash

HIRST, Stanley W, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

FAA, 828 Sqn, Implacable , air crash

BONE, John W, Ty/Act/Petty Officer Airman, FAA/FX 87060, killed

FAA, 1770 Sqn, Wagtail, air crash

FAIRCLOUGH, James H, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

KING, Anthony J, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

FAA, 1771 Sqn, Implacable , air operations

SHAW, Raymond M, Ty/Lieutenant (A), RNZNVR, killed


Jupiter, as POW

SHIELDS, Douglas W, Able Seaman, D/SSX 29267, died

Nile , illness

MONKS, Eva, Leading WRNS, WA/WRNS 32516, died

RM 40 Commando , Greece

MCKENNA, George, Ty/Corporal, RM, EX/3363, DOWS

Royalist

SPICER, Paul G, Marine, PO/X 5232, DOW

Saker (Admiralty Ledger) or Indomitable (CWGC)

LAVINGTON, Walter N, Able Seaman, P/JX 194771 (Saker), illness, DOWS

Stadacona ( RCN )

SAMPSON, Michael C, Petty Officer Stoker, A/871 (RCNR), died

Victory, illness

MOSSCROP, Phillip, Lieutenant, RNVR, died

Friday, 27 October 1944

Argonaut

DUGAY, Douglas F W, Able Seaman, P/JX 625717, DOWS

Copra

FARMER, Andrew, Able Seaman, C/JX 375379, DOWS

FAA, 776 Sqn, Blackcap, air crash

PATON, Robert S, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, killed

FAA, 1771 Sqn, I mplacable , air operations

WATERS, Samuel A W, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

Kestrel, illness

JACKSON, William, Leading Seaman, D/JX 165721, died

Nile , illness

SCOTT, Richard D, Sub Lieutenant, RNVR, died

RM 24th Light AA Reg, illness

MORREY, Fred R, Marine, CH/X 102516, DOWS

RM Deal, illness

VICKERY, Alfred F, Captain, RM, died

Saturday, 28 October 1944

Braganza

COOKE, Frank T, Act/Leading Seaman, P/JX 394307, DOWS

Electra, as POW

PALMER, Charles H, Leading Seaman, C/JX 126168, died

FAA, 811 Sqn, Vindex , air operations

CARR, William E, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

WALSH, David L, Ty/Sub Lieutenant (A), RNVR, MPK

FAA, 894 Sqn, Implacable , air crash

BARROW, Edward, Ty/Act/Petty Officer Airman, FAA/FX 91444, killed

Fabius, road accident

WOOD, George W, Marine, PLY /X 1790, died

ML.1239

HAUGHTON, Daniel, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 281610, DOWS

RM 47 Commando

ASHCROFT, Victor, Marine, PLY /X 112790, DOWS

Stadacona ( RCN )

RIDDELL, Lyle C, Chief Engine Room Artificer, V/69086 (RCNVR), died

Sunday, 29 October 1944

Barracuda (RIN)

RAM , Das, Motor Engineer 1c, 78046 (RIN), died

Glasgow

SHERMAN, Walter C, Cook (O), P/MX 101180, DOWS

Marshal Soult

SWALLOW, George T, Seaman, RNPS, LT /JX 177602, DOWS

Pallas (French), illness

THORNTON, John R, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 410195, died

Tyne , illness

EVANS, Charles H, Warrant Ordnance Officer, died

Monday, 30 October 1944

Baron Semple, steamship

BREWSTER, Robert, Act/Able Seaman, P/JX 312945, (President III , O/P), MPK

Consul Shipping Advisor, Iskenderen, illness

JONES, Gerald H L, Act/Captain, RNR , died

Diomede

SHIRLEY, Derrick A, Able Seaman, P/JX 429547, DOWS

Exmouth, illness

HOLMES, Lawrence F, Leading Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 242876, died

Exponent

MACDONALD, William J, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 400176, died

Northney

KELLY, Thomas, Able Seaman, D/JX 312120, illness, died

Seabelle

STEPNEY, John T, Able Seaman, P/JX 516047, illness, died

Swale

HENDERSON, James M, Ordinary Seaman, P/JX 626635, killed

Tuesday, 31 October 1944

Daedalus

DAVIES, Kevin, Naval Airman 2c, FAA/FX 705234, killed

Duke of York

DART, William L, Boatswain, illness, died

RM Lympstone

BROWN, George, Marine, PO /X 116050, illness, died

RN (Malay Section)

MUHAMMAD, Bin Q, Stoker, MN 100 (Malay Section), MPK


Today in World War II History—October 24, 1939 & 1944

Pilots of US Navy Torpedo Squadron 13 in their ready room aboard carrier Franklin just before the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea during the Battle of Leyte Gulf, 24 Oct 1944 (US National Archives: 80-G-290733)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 24, 1944: Fifty black sailors are convicted of mutiny in the controversial Port Chicago case after only 80 minutes deliberation, all 50 men are given 15-year sentences (Read more: “The Port Chicago Disaster—The Mutiny Trial” ).

Off Formosa, sub USS Tang sinks a ship in a Japanese convoy, having sunk 5 ships with only 9 torpedoes, but Tang is then sunk by her own torpedo (74 killed, but 9 survive as POWs including captain Lt. Cdr. Richard O’Kane, who will receive the Medal of Honor).

In Battle of Leyte Gulf, Japanese aircraft attack US shipping at Leyte US carrier aircraft shoot down 257 Japanese planes and sink Japanese battleship Musashi.


Zambians campaign for independence, 1944-1964

The Federation was dismantled in, and the state of Zambia was officially formed on 24 October 1964.

Although support for the campaign diminished in the mid-1950s, it increased greatly until independence was won.

Database Narrative

In order to strengthen their hold on political and economic power, the white settlers of British-controlled Northern Rhodesia sought to unite the British colonial territories of Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland during the late 1930s and 1940s. This was a response to the growing strength of African organizations (e.g. labor unions) in Northern Rhodesia, a development that prompted white European fears of African social and economic advance. In addition, the white minority of Northern Rhodesia feared the type of influence that black populist countries located north of Northern Rhodesia (e.g. the Belgian Congo and countries in East Africa) might have on white-ruled Northern Rhodesia. Thus, in order to maintain their political influence and economic power over the black majority of Northern Rhodesia, white settlers endeavored to strengthen their ties with white-controlled southern Africa by forming the Central African Federation.

However, black Africans in Northern Rhodesia protested against the prospect of such an amalgamation. Africans in Northern Rhodesia became increasingly afraid of losing land to the Europeans, and in terms of political representation, land ownership, trade union power, and pass-law control, Africans in Southern Rhodesia were less well off than in Northern Rhodesia.

In order to address this issue, black Africans of Northern Rhodesia sought the aid of local tribal chiefs, who were the traditional trustees of tribal land. In 1944, a senior Bemba chief argued against federation in the Northern Provincial Council in order to address his people’s concerns, and increasing numbers of chiefs began to speak out against amalgamation. In addition to the tribal chiefs, the clerks and teachers who sat in the African Representative Council called for the formation of an expressly political body that could better organize for political action against the white settlers. This led to the creation of the Northern Rhodesia Congress in 1948.

As African nationalism continued to grow within the opposition, the Northern Rhodesia Congress was renamed the Northern Rhodesia African National Congress (NRANC) in 1951, with Harry Nkumbula as its president. The Congress’ goal was to prevent the Federation from forming, and through a series of conferences held in Lusaka that brought together chiefs, congress leaders, and trade unionists, opposition leaders organized a Supreme Action Council that would plan and potentially order a mass action.

In March 1953, Congress President Nkumbula burned the British White Paper on Federation and made a national call for noncooperation with the federal government. He called for a two-day ‘national prayer’ that would take place in April, during which no Africans would go to work. However, the British colonial government, mining companies, and other big employers took steps to counter the upcoming general strike. Workers and all daily-paid Africans in the civil service were threatened with instant dismissal if they were to obey Nkumbula’s orders and observe the strike. The government’s tactic of worker intimidation largely succeeded, for African miners (except at Mufulira) and other workers did not observe the strike.

Despite this failure, the Congress took steps to appeal their case to a higher authority. In April 1953, with the signatures of 120 tribal chiefs, the Congress sent a petition to the Queen and to the British Houses of Parliament in London to protest the amalgamation of the territories. They argued that the black African majority of Northern Rhodesia had been excluded from the decision to form a Federation, citing that the vast majority of black Africans were not permitted to vote. However, their appeals went unanswered, and the British Colonial government continued to arrest, persecute, and intimidate leaders of the opposition. In addition, the Central African Federation was formed in August 1953, and popular support for the Congress dwindled.

Despite their failure to prevent the formation for the Federation, Congress leaders and other members of the opposition in Northern Rhodesia continued to challenge the Federation’s legitimacy, and its policy of racial discrimination. Between 1954 and 1958, opposition leaders continued to encourage students, mine workers, and other black Africans to boycott and picket European businesses that discriminated against them and to practice noncooperation with the Federal government. Such boycotts and pickets would bring white businesses to a standstill for weeks, and the colonial government responded with beatings, assaults, and arrests. It also launched an investigation into the Congress, and members of the colonial government sought stronger legislation against boycotting and picketing. In 1955, Congress Secretary-General Kenneth Kaunda and Nkumbula were both jailed for two months for possessing prohibited literature, yet their arrest drew the public’s attention to their organizing efforts and helped create an aura of martyrdom.

It was not until 1958, however, that popular support for Congress was fully revived. Two years of economic distress, (as a result of fallen copper prices), had increased the unemployment rate among black Africans, and had forced many into even greater poverty. In addition, an influx of young leaders into the Congress during this time brought a new, strong, and radical energy to the organization. These young leaders, including Kaunda, Sikota Wina, and Simon Kapwepwe, were committed to the idea of creating an independent African state that would be free of British colonial rule. This nation, they envisioned, would be named Zambia.

However, this vision clashed with the one held by other Congress members, including Nkumbula. In 1958, Nkumbula was in favor of taking part in the elections that would form a new constitution for Northern Rhodesia and allow about 25,000 Africans to vote, while the radicals sought to boycott the election. This division led to a split in Congress and to the formation of the Zambia African National Congress (ZANC), a new party that would be led by Kaunda, Wina, and Kapwepwe.

In 1959, amid spreading rumors that the Nyasaland African Congress was about to launch a ‘murder plot’ against white Europeans, the Federal government declared a state of emergency, banned the ZANC and NRANC, and jailed its leaders. However, these arrests only helped to fuel black African resistance, and prompted demonstrators to turn to property damage for two months. Shop windows were smashed in Lusaka, riots broke out, arson was committed, cars were damaged, and attempts were made to burn down the rest-house used by members of the African Legislative Council. Many people were imprisoned, including Kaunda, but in October of that year the United National Independence Party (UNIP) was also formed. Once he was released from jail in January 1960, Kaunda became the leader of UNIP.

As black African pressure continued to mount in Northern Rhodesia (as well as in Nyasaland), members of the British government began to realize that Northern Rhodesia would need a more rapid constitutional advance if it were to maintain its hold on the region. Pressure from Europeans in Southern Rhodesia, who were supporting the formation of a fully independent Southern Rhodesia, also prompted members of the British parliament to reconsider its stance. In December 1960, British colonial authorities invited Kaunda and other UNIP leaders to a conference in London to discuss the future of the three colonies.

In 1961, the Colonial Office proposed a constitution for Northern Rhodesia that would make possible an African majority in the legislature. However, this proposed constitution was revised after having received pressure from the Federal Prime Minister, Sir Roy Welensky, who feared that the concessions made in the proposed constitution would lead to Northern Rhodesia’s secession from the Federation.

However, this proposed concession and its ultimate revision prompted UNIP to begin a stronger civil disobedience campaign throughout the northern and eastern parts of the region in 1961. Kaunda, who was greatly influenced by the work of Mohandas Gandhi and espoused an ideology of positive nonviolent action, urged campaigners to protest nonviolently. The campaign—which consisted of boycotts, pickets, rallies, roadblocks, and other acts of civil disobedience—was largely nonviolent.

As a result of the campaign, the colonial government revised the constitution once again in 1962, allowing UNIP to participate in the October 1962 elections. After a major election campaign, during which UNIP and Congress leaders traveled throughout the region for local community support, UNIP and the Congress won two-thirds of the total vote between them, thus gaining a majority of government seats. With opposition leaders now in government positions, the Federation was dissolved in 1963.

In early 1964, Northern Rhodesia held another election, which was based on universal adult suffrage. The results of this election gave UNIP a decisive majority win, Kaunda was elected Prime Minister, and Northern Rhodesia was granted full independence on 24 October 1964.


24 October 1944 - History

88th Infantry
Division

88th Infantry
Division


88th
Infantry
Division
Signal Company

The Capture of Verona by the 88th split the German forces in the Po Valley and cut off the main escape route through the Brenner Pass. As they ripped through elements of 17 different German units falling back in confusion before the fury of the Yank attack, towns fell in quick succession to the 88th as it pummeled the Krauts back to the Po River. The 88th swarmed across the Po River barrier in the face of machine gun and SP fire, by bridge, some swimming the stream, others crossing in amphibious assault craft. Ahead to the north lay the twin Army objectives of Verona and Vicenza. (monograph)

History
Constituted in the National Army 5 August 1917 as the 349th Infantry Regiment, assigned to the 88th Division. Organized 30 August 1917 at Camp Dodge, Iowa. Demobilized 12 June 1919 at Camp Dodge. (88th Division demobilized 10 June 1919, relieving components from assignment reorganized in 1921 in the Organized Reserves.) Reconstituted, allotted to the Organized Reserves, assigned to the 88th Division, VII Corps Area, 24 June 1921, and organized in October 1921. Ordered into active military service, less personnel, and organized 15 July 1942 at Camp Gruber, Oklahoma, as an element of the 88th Infantry Division. Inactivated 22 September-7 October 1947 in the vicinity of Livorno, Italy. (Organized Reserves redesignated Organized Reserve Corps in March 1948 redesignated Army Reserve in 1952.)

Campaign Credits
World War I
Alsace

World War II
Rome-Arno
North-Apennines
Po Valley

Decorations
French Croix de Guerre with Palm embroidered CENTRAL ITALY (Department of the Army General Order 50-43)


Need information on the Lost Battalion in 1944?

Does anyone have information on the Lost Battalion being saved by the 442nd regiment in the fall of 1944 during WW2? Working on National History Day project but I'm having trouble finding primary sources, which I need 20 of.

Re: Need information on the Lost Battalion in 1944?
Rebecca Collier 27.09.2018 13:40 (в ответ на Jaeger Brodersen)

Thank you for posting your request on History Hub!

We searched the series titled World War II Operations Reports, 1940 - 1948 in the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1905-1981 (Record Group 407) and located reports of operations and history files of the 36th Infantry Division histories and operation reports of the 141st Infantry Regiment and operation reports and unit journals of the 1st, 2nd & 3rd Battalions of the 141st Infantry Regiment during October 1944. In the same series, we also located histories, operation reports, and journals of the 442nd Infantry Regiment for October 1944.

For access to and copies of these records, please contact the National Archives in College Park - Textual Reference (RDT2) via email at [email protected] .

We hope this information is helpful. Best of luck with your research for your National History Day project!