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The fortress was apparently built as an attempt by the Canaanites and Egyptians to "cope with the new geopolitical situation."
A team of archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) have discovered the ruins of a 3,200-year-old Canaanite fortress near Gal On, a kibbutz in the center of the Hebrew country, The Times of Israel reports.
Researchers date the structure to the 12th century BC, a time described in the 'Book of Judges', which was plagued by wars. The team believes that the structure was built by the Canaanites, perhaps with the help of their Egyptian lords, to defend themselves against the Philistine invaders.
«The strength we found provides a glimpse into the geopolitical reality described in the 'Book of Judges' of the Bible, in whichCanaanites, Israelites, and Philistines fight each other«Said IAA archaeologists Saar Ganor and Itamar Weissbein.
The fortress found near Kibbutz Gal On measures 18 by 18 meters and has watchtowers at its four corners. At the entrance of the building a huge doorway was preserved, carved out of a single rock, weighing around 3 tons.
In addition, it has a patio paved with stone slabs, columns in the middle and rooms on both sides.
Archaeologists found hundreds of ceramic vessels - some still intact - in the rooms, including cups that were probably used for religious rituals.
They also found a large number of bowls, some of which were made in the Egyptian style.
In that period, the land of Canaan was ruled by the Egyptians. Then, during the 12th century BC, the Israelites and the Philistines "entered the game“As explained by archaeologists, which led to a series of violent land disputes.
“The Israelites settled in unfortified settlements in the mountains of Benjamin and Judea. Meanwhile, the Philistines accumulated power in the southern coastal plain and established large cities such as Ashkelon, Ashdod, and Gath. In an attempt to conquer more areas,the Philistines fought the Egyptians and Canaanites on the border line, which probably passed through the Guvrin River, between the Philistine kingdom of Gat and the Canaanite kingdom of Laquis, “they detailed from the IAA.
In this way, the fortress of Gal On was apparently built as an attempt by the Canaanites and Egyptians to "cope with the new geopolitical situation."
“However, in the middle of the 12th century BC, the Egyptians left the land of Canaan and returned to Egypt. His departure led to the destruction of the now unprotected Canaanite cities, a destruction that was probably led by the Philistines, ”the archaeologists concluded.