Alamosa-AK-156 - History

Alamosa-AK-156 - History

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A town in Conejos County, Colo.

(AK-156: dp. 7,450; 1. 338'6"; b. 50'; dr. 21'; s. 11.5 k.; cpl. 79 a. 1 3", 6 20mm.; cl. Alamosa; T. C1-M-AV1)

Alamosa (AK-156) was 1aid down under a Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 2101) on 15 November 1943 at Richmond Calif., by Kaiser Cargo, Inc. Iaunched on 14 April 1944, sponsored by Mrs. J. Mullane; and acquired by the Navy and commissioned on 10 August 1944, Lt. Comdr. K. C. Ingraham in command.

After a brief fitting out period in the San Francisco Bay area Alamosa sailed for Portland, Oreg. There the ship entered the Commercial Iron Works yards and was decommissioned on 25 August for conversion to an ammunition issue ship. She was recommissioned on 25 September and got underway on 6 October for shakedown out of San Pedro, Calif After taking on ammunition at Mare Island, Alamosa set sail on November for the Marshall Islands.

Upon arriving at Eniwetok on 7 December, Alamosa was assigned to Service Squadron 8. For the duration of World War II, the vessel carried ammunition and cargo between Eniwetok Saipan, Guam, Ulithi, Peleliu, and Leyte.

After the end of hostilities, Alamosa entered drydock at Apra Harbor, Guam, on 1 October 1945. Following the completion of repairs, she got underway again on 7 January 1946, bound for home. She arrived at Seattle, Wash., on 27 January; was decommissioned there on 20 May 1946, and was turned over to the Maritime Commission's War Shipping Administration for disposal. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 14 June 1946. The ship remained in the hands of the Maritime Commission until early 1970 when she disappeared from merchant ship registers.

History of the Road

While the highway opened in 1957 as the first road to allow access to Denali National Park, the history of the road as a route of adventure through the wilderness is a fabled tale in the history of Alaska.

From the earliest Americans through to the Copper River Basin-dwelling Athapaskan tribes, the present-day Tangle Lakes area was an important seasonal hunting ground. This area contains some of the earliest evidence of human occupation in North America. In the 225,000 acres of the Tangles Lakes Archaeological District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, over 400 archaeological sites have been documented. The modern-day history of the area began approximately 100 years ago, when gold miners in the Valdez Creek region, near the Susitna River, pioneered a trail to the east between the mining district and Paxson, and a little later westward from the mines toward present-day Cantwell. The current highway roughly follows these miners’ tracks for much of its distance.

Traveling the Denali Highway today is truly a path through awesome wilderness that links travelers to Alaska’s prehistoric past and gold rush history.

Owner Data

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It’s amazing how quickly a small-time horror host gig could turn into a national sensation almost overnight. After nearly 16 years of struggling to make it, Cassandra Peterson had become a household name, horror icon, and Halloween institution.

Elvira’s perfume brand “Evil” and her likeness at the wax museum

Elvira on The Tonight Show (L) and Stroker Ace (R)

As Elvira’s popularity grew and grew, so did the demands of appearing at publicity events. And this meant lots of photo-ops with famous people. Magazines and newspapers of the 80s and 90s were chock full of Elvira photos hamming it up with other celebs – usually in the October issues.

Elvira and Alice Cooper (L) and Cheech Marin (R)

Elvira and Magic Johnson (L) and Larry Hagman (R)

Elvira and Axel Rose (L) and Robert Englund AKA Freddie Krueger (R)

So, what is to become of Elvira in the years ahead? According to Cassandra Peterson, “I hope and think there is the possibility that I can eventually retire from the live performances. It’s like the case of Superman nobody goes around and does a live performance of him, but you can still merchandise the character….. The day I start looking pathetic in the outfit, thin it is time to hang it up.” (Femme Fatales, Vol. 5, No.7)

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For decades, the attorneys at Levy Konigsberg have proudly represented Navy veterans and their families. Between the 1940s and 1990s, hundreds of thousands of sailors toiled in the cramped workspaces of naval vessels, operating machinery and equipment that kept their ships seaworthy. Unbeknownst to our veterans, much of the equipment they operated and regularly repaired contained numerous asbestos components that poisoned their lungs. Years of investigation and litigation has revealed that the companies who enriched themselves through government contracts to supply safe equipment to the Navy were aware of the link between asbestos exposure from their products and lung disease.

Much of the asbestos exposure suffered aboard these vessels occurred in the boiler rooms and engineering spaces. Sailors of various ratings, including boilertenders, machinist mates, electricians, firemen, and equipment operators, regularly worked in poorly ventilated, cramped workspaces, operating and maintaining various pieces of equipment that kept the vessels moving. Equipment, including boilers, pumps, valves, tanks, condensers, and turbines, required around-the-clock oversight, and regular maintenance.

Asbestos exposure aboard these vessels was extensive. For example, in the engineering spaces, sailors were required to understand, operate and repair numerous pumps. Generally, each engine room contained one primary pump and one backup pump, if not more, in case of a pump malfunction. A variety of pumps, including overboard brine pumps, condensate pumps, fuel pumps, water pumps, condenser pumps, fire pumps and bilge pumps, carried out different operations, but all contained numerous pieces of asbestos insulation. Working in close proximity to each other, sailors regularly opened these pumps, which first required removing thick asbestos insulation from the pump’s body. Then, using a knife or other tool, sailors would meticulously remove the worn asbestos gaskets and packing from the pump, which released thousands of asbestos fibers into the air. Once clean, sailors would install new asbestos components, often times fabricating gaskets and packing by hand from sheets of asbestos.

Other equipment in the engine rooms required just as much maintenance. Reduction gears, deaerating feed tanks, turbo generators, turbines, valves of all sizes, and air compressors were installed through the engineering spaces, and required constant oversight and maintenance. Like the pumps installed in these engine rooms, much of this equipment was heavily insulated with asbestos fiber due to the heat produced by the machinery. Working in close proximity, sailors removed this insulation, and regularly inspected the machinery for defects and maintenance needs. Various asbestos components, including gaskets, packing material, block, rope and insulation was regularly installed and replaced during cruises, to ensure proper performance while at sea.

Similarly, asbestos exposure was rampant in naval boiler rooms. Equipment regularly installed in these workspaces included boilers, forced air draft blowers, feed pumps, booster pumps, fuel oil service pumps, feed water tanks, fresh water tanks, valves and air compressors. Sailors in the boiler rooms were required to understand how to operate, maintain and repair all of this equipment. During cruises, sailors climbed into the boilers to scrape the machine clean, often removing worn gaskets, packing material and rope. Because this machinery was in constant use, around-the-clock maintenance of the machinery was required, which required regular changing of worn asbestos gaskets and packing.

In 2008, Levy Konigsberg represented Douglas Pokorney, in a lawsuit against several corporations whose products were installed in the boiler room of the USS Roan. Mr. Pokorney alleged that he was regularly exposed to vast amounts of asbestos dust from Foster Wheeler boilers installed on the USS Roan, while carrying out his boiler room duties. A Syracuse jury agreed, awarding $5 million dollars, and found Foster Wheeler liable for a significant portion of the damages due to Mr. Pokorney’s regular exposure to gaskets, insulation and other asbestos components installed on the ship’s boilers. Like many other defendants, Foster Wheeler attempted to place responsibility on the Navy, despite knowing for decades that a link existed between exposure to asbestos and lung disease. This argument was rejected by the jury. For more information on this case, please click here .

Some of the Navy ships where we have confirmed that many workers suffered significant asbestos exposures include the following:

• SS Atlantic
• SS Borinquen
• SS Carrier Pigeon
• SS Cape Nome
• SS Colgate Victory
• SS Export Champion
• SS Export Courier
• SS Exminster
• SS Flying Arrow
• SS Flying Hawk
• SS Flying Trader
• SS Frederick E. Williamson (1944)
• SS Hawaiian Planter
• SS Hong Kong Transport
• SS Manhattan (1962)
• SS Marine Adder
• SS Marine Jumper
• SS Marine Tiger
• SS Matsonia (aka Etolin)
• SS Mormaclark
• SS Mormacmail (1946)
• SS Mormacmar
• SS Mormacsun
• SS Mormacsurf
• SS Muhlenberg Victory
• SS Sea Pegasus
• SS Sea Tiger
• SS Wabash Victory
• SS Yale Victory
• USCGC Acacia (WAGL-406)
• USS Admiral E.W. Eberle (AP-123)
• USS Alamosa (AK-156)
• USS Albany (CA-123)
• USS Albert T. Harris (DE-447)
• USS Alcor (AK-259)
• USS Alexander Hamilton (SSBN-617)
• USS Alhena (AKA-9)
• USS Allagash (AO-97)
• USS America (CV-66)
• USS Archer-Fish (SS-311)
• USS Ashland (LSD-1)
• USS Baltimore (CA-68)
• USS Benham (DD-796)
• USS Benjamin Franklin (SSBN-640)
• USS Benner (DD-807)
• USS Bennington (CV-20)
• USS Betelgeuse (AK-28, AKA-11)
• USS Betelgeuse (AK-260)
• USS Billfish (SSN-676)
• USS Black (DD-666)
• USS Block Island (CVE-106)
• USS Blue (DD-744)
• USNS Blue Jacket (T-AF-51)
• USS Bon Homme Richard (CV-31)
• USS Boston (CA-69)
• USS Boxer (CV-21)
• USS Bridget (DE-1024)
• USS Brinkley Bass (DD-887)
• USS Bristol (DD-857)
• USS Brownson (DD-868)
• USS Bunker Hill (CV-17)
• USS Burdo (APD-133)
• USS Cadmus (AR-14)
• USS Canberra (CA-70)
• USS Canisteo (AO-99)
• USS Carter Hall (LSD-3)
• USS Casa Grande (LSD-13)
• USS Casablanca (CVE-55)
• USS Cassin (DD-372)
• USS Cassin Young (DD-793)
• USS Catoctin (AGC-5)
• USS Chandeleur (AV-10)
• USS Charles H. Roan (DD-853)
• USS Charles J. Badger (DD-657)
• USS Charles R. Ware (DD-865)
• USS Charles S. Sperry (DD-697)
• USS Chicago (CA-136)
• USS Chipola (AO-63)
• USS Cimarron (AO-22)
• USS Clamagore (SS-343)
• USS Cleveland (CL-55)
• USS Collett (DD-730)
• USS Comfort (AH-6)
• USS Compton (DD-705)
• USS Cone (DD-866)
• USS Constellation (CV-64)
• USS Coontz (DDG-40)
• USS Coral Sea (CV-43)
• USS Croaker (SS-246)
• USNS Curtiss (T-AVB-4)
• USS Custer (APA-40)
• USS Dahlgren (DLG-12)
• USS Darter (SS-576)
• USS Davis (DD-937)
• USS Delong (DE-684)
• USS Des Moines (CA-134)
• USS Dewey (DDG-45)
• USS Dixie (AD-14)
• USS Donner (LSD-20)
• USS Douglas H. Fox (DD-779)
• USS Du Pont (DD-941)
• USS DuPage (APA-41)
• USS English (DD-696)
• USS Entemedor (SS-340)
• USS Enterprise (CV-6)
• USS Enterprise (CVN-65)
• USS Essex (CV-9)
• USS Evans (DE-1023)
• USS Everglades (AD-24)
• USS Fargo (CL-106)
• USS Farragut (DLG-6)
• USS Fayette (APA-43)
• USS Finback (SSBN-670)
• USS Fiske (DD-842)
• USS Flasher (SS-249)
• USS Fletcher (DD-445)
• USS Flying Fish (SS-229)
• USS Flying Fish (SSN-673)
• USS Foote (DD-511)
• USS Forrestal (CV-59)
• USS Fort Mandan (LSD-21)
• USNS Pvt. Francis X. McGraw (T-AK-241)
• USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CV-42)
• USS Fred T. Berry (DD-858)
• USS Fulton (AS-11)
• USS Gatling (DD-671)
• USNS Geiger (T-AP-197)
• USS George Bancroft (SSBN-643)
• USS Gillette (DE-681)
• USS Glenard P. Lipscomb (SSN-685)
• USS Glennon (DD-840)
• USS Greenling (SSN-614)
• USS Grundy (APA-111)
• USS Gunston Hall (LSD-44)
• USS Gunston Hall (LSD-5)
• USS Gurke (DD-783)
• USS Hailey (DD-556)
• USS Hambleton (DD-455)
• USS Hammerberg (DE-1015)
• USS Hanson (DD-832)
• USS Harder (SS-568)
• USS Haynsworth (DD-700)
• USS Hazelwood (DD-536)
• USS Heermann (DD-532)
• USS Helena (CA-75)
• USS Henrico (APA-45)
• USS Hilary P. Jones (DD-427)
• USS Holder (DD-819)
• USS Hopewell (DD-681)
• USS Hornet (CV-12)
• USS Howard D. Crow (DE-252)
• USS Hugh Purvis (DD-709)
• USS Hull (DD-945)
• USS Hunley (AS-31)
• USS Independence (CV-62)
• USS Intrepid (CV-11)
• USS Iowa (BB-61)
• USS Iwo Jima (LPH-2)
• USS James E. Kyes (DD-787)
• USS John King (DDG-3)
• USS John Paul Jones (DD-932)
• USS John R. Pierce (DD-753)
• USS Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. (DD-850)
• USS Kearsarge (CV-33)
• USS Kennebec (AO-36)
• USS Keppler (DD-765)
• USS Kidd (DD-661)
• USS King (DDG-41 )
• USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63)
• USS Krishna (ARL-38)
• USCGC Kukui (WAK-186)
• USS Kyne (DE-744)
• USS L.Y. Spear (AS-36)
• USS Lafayette (SSBN-616)
• USS Laffey (DD-724)
• USS Lake Champlain (CV-39)
• USS Lexington (CV-16)
• USS Leyte (CV-32)
• USS Liberty (AGTR-5)
• USS Little Rock (CL-92)
• USS LST-274
• USS LST-316
• USS Ludlow (DD-438)
• USS Lynde McCormick (DDG-8)
• USS L.Y. Spears (AS-36)
• USS Macon (CA-132)
• USS Major (DE-796)
• USS Marias (AO-57)
• USS Markab (AD-21)
• USS Marlboro (APB-38)
• USS Mars (AFS-1)
• USS Meade (DD-602)
• USS Midway (CV-41)
• USS Missouri (BB-63)
• USS Mitscher (DL-2)
• USS Monongahela (AO-42)
• USS Monrovia (APA-31)
• USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7)
• USS Murphy (DD-603)
• USS Nantahala (AO-60)
• USS Narwhal (SS-167)
• USS Narwhal (SSN-671)
• USS Nautilus (SSN-571)
• USS Neches (AO-47)
• USS Nevada (BB-36)
• USS New Jersey (BB-62)
• USS Newport News (CA-148)
• USS Nitro (AE-2)
• USS Noa (DD-841)
• USS North Carolina (BB-55)
• USS Northampton (CLC-1)
• USS O’Hare (DD-889)
• USS Oak Hill (LSD-7)
• USS Ohio (SSGN-726)
• USS Okinawa (LPH-3)
• USS Oklahoma City (CL-91)
• USS Oregon City (CA-122)
• USS Orion (AS-18)
• USS Oriskany (CV-34)
• USS Osberg (DE-538)
• USS Patoka (AO-9)
• USS Philip (DD-498)
• USS Picuda (SS-382)
• USS Pinkney (APH-2)
• USS Piper (SS-409)
• USS Pocono (AGC-16)
• USS Prairie (AD-15)
• USS Prevail (AM-107)
• USS Princeton (CV-37)
• USS Providence (CL-82)
• USS Raleigh (LPD-1)
• USS Randolph (CV-15)
• USS Renshaw (DD-499)
• USS Renville (APA-227)
• USS Richard B. Russell (SSN-687)
• USS Richard E. Byrd (DDG-23)
• USS Richard S. Edwards (DD-950)
• USS Ringgold (DD-500)
• USS Robert A. Owens (DD-827)
• USS Robert D. Conrad (T-AGOR-3)
• USS Robert H. McCard (DD-822)
• USS Rodman (DD-456)
• USS Salem (CA-139)
• USS San Pablo (AVP-30)
• USS Saratoga (CV-3)
• USS Saratoga (CV-60)
• USS Sarsfield (DD-837)
• USS Saufley (DD-465)
• USS Schroeder (DD-501)
• USS Sea Robin (SS-407)
• USNS Sgt. Archer T. Gammon (T-AK-243)
• USS Shenandoah (AD-26)
• USS Shreveport (LPD-12)
• USS Sierra (AD-18)
• USS Sigsbee (DD-502)
• USS Sims (DE-154)
• USS Skagit (AKA-105)
• USS Soley (DD-707)
• USS Somers (DD-947)
• USS South Dakota (BB-57)
• USS Southerland (DD-743)
• USS Springfield (CL-66)
• USS Stormes (DD-780)
• USS Stribling (DD-867)
• USS Surfbird (AM-383)
• USS Sylvania (AFS-2)
• USS Tennessee (BB-43)
• USS Thetis Bay (CVE-90)
• USS Thomas J. Gary (DE-326)
• USS Ticonderoga (CV-14)
• USS Topeka (CL-67)
• USS Trigger (SS-564)
• USS Trout (SS-566)
• USS Turner (DD-834)
• USS Turner Joy (DD-951)
• USS Tusk (SS-426)
• USNS Upshur (T-AP-198)
• USS Valley Forge (CV-45)
• USS Vancouver (LPD-2)
• USS Waccamaw (AO-109)
• USS Waldron (DD-699)
• USS Walton (DE-361)
• USS Warrington (DD-843)
• USS Wasatch (AGC-9)
• USS Wasp (CV-18)
• USS Wilkinson (DL-5)
• USS William R. Rush (DD-714)
• USS Willis A. Lee (DD-929)
• USS Windsor (APA-55) SS Excelsior
• USS Woolsey (DD-437)
• USS Worcester (CL-144)
• USS Yellowstone (AD-27)
• USS Yorktown (CV-10)
• USS Zeal (AM-131)

If you or a loved one served aboard a Navy ship and have developed an asbestos-related disease, including mesothelioma or lung cancer, please call our office today for a free consultation.

Levy Konigsberg Leads The Way For Consumer Mesothelioma Victims

Beginning in 2008, Levy Konigsberg began fully prosecuting some of the first asbestos personal injury cases in the country against members of the cosmetics industry, receiving victories in both trial and appellate courts on major issues surrounding the science of asbestos in talc.

Since that time, LK has obtained millions of dollars in jury verdicts and awards on behalf of consumers exposed to asbestos in talc, including New York and New Jersey’s first and only verdicts against a major supplier of talc to the cosmetic industry.

By Ships History

NHHC Historian and author Bob Cressman has recently updated the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (DANFS) entry for the USS Pueblo (PF-13).

The second Pueblo was named for the city in Colorado.

(PF-13: displacement 2,415 length 303󈧏” beam 37𔄀″ draft 13𔄂″ speed 20 knots complement 190 armament 3 3-inch, 4 40-millimeter, 9 20 millimeter, 2 depth charge tracks, one depth charge projector (Hedgehog) class Tacoma type S2-S2-AQ1)

The second Pueblo (PF-13) was laid down on 14 November 1943 under a Maritime Commission contract (MC Hull No. 1431) at Richmond, Calif., by Kaiser Cargo Inc., Yard No.4 launched on 20 January 1944 and sponsored by Seaman 2nd Class Carol June Barnhart, USN (W), “the first girl in Pueblo [Colorado] to enlist in the WAVES.” Pueblo experienced engine difficulties during her first two trials that prompted the Navy sub-board of inspection and survey to recommend (on 20 and 27 April 1944) non-acceptance “until the cause is determined and corrected.”Ultimately, after the third trial, the sub-board recommended (25 May 1944) accepting the ship, and she was commissioned at her building yard on 27 May 1944, Comdr. Donald T. Adams, USCG, in command.

Shifting to the Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, Calif., on 29 May 1944, Pueblo underwent outfitting and the completion of class items until 31 August. After conducting trial runs on that day and on 1-2 September, she compensated her compasses in the southern waters of San Francisco Bay on 3 September, mooring at Treasure Island, Calif., upon completion of that evolution. After calibrating her radio direction finder (RDF) on 5 September, she moored at Alameda, then sailed for San Diego, Calif., on the 7th. Reaching her destination on the morning of 9 September, Pueblo began shakedown training on 9 September, and carried out that work under the direction of the San Diego Shakedown Group, Fleet Operational Training Command, Pacific, until completing it at 0900 on 8 October. Underway immediately for San Francisco for a ten-day post-shakedown availability, she entered San Francisco harbor the next evening, mooring to the North Pier at Treasure Island. Shifting to the General Engineering Shipyard, Alameda, the following afternoon, Pueblo underwent post-shakedown availability until 24 October, when she shifted to the U.S. Coast Guard Training Station Pier, Alameda. She took on ammunition at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Mare Island, on the 25th, mooring at Treasure Island soon thereafter.

Reporting to Commander, Western Sea Frontier, on 26 October 1944, for duty, Pueblo – fitted out with highly sensitive meteorological instruments to enable her to operate as a weather tracking ship – received orders later the same day to report to the frontier’s Northern California sector. Standing out of San Francisco Harbor on 28 October, she set course for Plane Guard Station No.2, and relieved the patrol vessel Argus (PY-14) on 31 October, the day after the latter vessel had located and rescued the 61 survivors of the freighter John A. Johnson, that had been torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-12 the day before. The Liberty Ship had been abandoned when she broke in two. In a brutal attack that resulted in the killing of 4 of the 41 merchant sailors, the Army security officer and 4 of the 28-man U.S. Navy Armed Guard detachment assigned to the ship, I-12 had then surfaced and shelled the wreck, setting both halves ablaze. The submarine then had bore down on the lifeboats and rafts, the Japanese sailors firing on them with machine guns and pistols. While Argus proceeded to port with the freighter’s survivors, Pueblo steamed to investigate a reported oil slick and debris during the first dog watch the next day (1 November). She found nothing upon her arrival in the area.

For over a fortnight, Pueblo maneuvered as necessary on various courses and speeds to stay on Plane Guard Station No.2, and punctuated that period of time with drills in first aid, plane guard, damage control, ASW, and gunnery, as well as exercising the ready gun crews and the main battery gun crews in operation of the ship’s Hedgehog mount. On 19 November 1944, however, the report of a submarine trailing a friendly ship at 30°28.0’N, 140°10.5’W prompted Commander, Western Sea Frontier, to order Pueblo, as well as three California-bound destroyers, Harrison (DD-573), Murray (DD-576) and John Rodgers (DD-574), to the area to investigate. During the first watch on 19 November, the frigate began a submarine search as that period began, then joined Murray a half hour into the watch. While Harrison and John Rodgers bent on speed to overtake the vessel that had reported being shadowed, Pueblo executed a sound search pattern in company with Murray during the mid watch on the 20th, then joined the other two destroyers the following morning. The four ships formed a scouting line and swept the vicinity where the submarine had been reported sighted during the forenoon watch and into the afternoon, but without result. A second submarine sighting (31°12.0’N, 139°39’W), however, prompted the quartet to leave the scene of the first at 1407. Reaching the scene of the second sighting at 1830, the ships swept through that area with negative results, with Pueblo holding down the right flank of the scouting line.

Pueblo steamed off “to proceed on duty assigned”a half hour before the end of the morning watch on 21 November 1944, but Murray’s developing a sound contact at 30°10.5’N, 140°20.8’W prompted the frigate’s recall. Harrison likewise received orders to assist. Murray dropped a pattern of depth charges, but failed to regain contact. Meanwhile, the coastal patrol vessel Amethyst (PYc-3) had picked up a sound contact, prompting Harrison’s joining her smaller consort to investigate. While Amethyst remained at the scene of her contact, Pueblo rejoined the destroyers. While Harrison and Murray each took one sector, Pueblo took a third, with John Rodgers, her sound gear having gone out the day before, forming astern. After having investigated a potential submarine contact during the morning and forenoon watches on 21 November, the frigate, in response to orders from Commander TG 15.3, escorted the Eniwetok-bound ammunition tender Alamosa (AK-156) throughout the first and second dog watches and the first watch.

Pueblo rendezvoused with Amethyst at 0931 on 22 November at 29°52’N, 139°53’W, then immediately began steering zig-zag courses, maintaining those courses for the remainder of that day and well into the morning watch on 23 November. At 1349 on that day, Pueblo established a sound contact bearing 140 degrees, so changed course to conform to that of the contact. Comdr. Adams called his crew to battle stations, set condition one and material condition “able.” The frigate fired a shallow 13-depth charge pattern soon thereafter at 33°24’N, 133°50’W, followed by a Hedgehog pattern of 24 Mk. 10 projectiles at 1404, and a second 24-charge barrage eight minutes later. Carrying out a search of the waters where she had carried out her attacks, Pueblo observed a whale on the port bow, 3,000 yards away. The frigate continued the sound search into the forenoon watch the following day. Later on the 25th, Pueblo rendezvoused with coastal patrol vessel Andradite (PYc-11), and embarked Ens. Lester G. Riggs, A-V(S), for transportation to the U.S. Naval Hospital, Treasure Island. Pueblo passed beneath the Golden Gate Bridge at 0733 on 27 November, through the anti-submarine net at 0742, and moored alongside the North Pier, Treasure Island, at 0818, transferring her passenger ashore within the hour. The ship moved to Pier 54, San Francisco, during the afternoon watch, then returned to North Pier at the start of the second dog watch.

Following a period of repairs during an in-port availability at Treasure Island, Pueblo got underway and calibrated her direction finder in the south reaches of San Francisco Bay on 14 December 1944, returning to her berth later the same day. She conducted combat inspection exercises in those same waters four days later. On 21 December, Pueblo set course to return to Plane Guard Station No.2 (30°N, 140°W), relieving sister ship Grand Forks (PF-11) on the day before Christmas [24 December].

Pueblo remained on station through mid-January 1945, plotting and recording the passage overhead of 422 west-bound flights and 246 east-bound. Relieved by Grand Forks during the first dog watch on 17 January, the frigate sailed for San Francisco. At 0919 the following morning, Pueblo received orders from Commander, Western Sea Frontier, to proceed to 31°06’N, 133°54’W to rescue survivors from a downed plane. Altering course at 0942, Pueblo increased speed and headed for the point indicated. Other units, however, reached the scene first and effected the rescue, so consequently, at 1745, the frigate received direction to proceed to San Francisco.

Reaching Treasure Island at 1449 on 20 January 1945, Pueblo got underway at 0608 on 22 January to proceed to Mare Island, where she discharged ammunition, completing the task in a little under five hours. Shifting to Treasure Island soon thereafter, she underwent repairs into the first week of February. Proceeding thence to Moore Drydock Co., Oakland, Calif., to be drydocked (7-10 February), Pueblo fueled at San Francisco (10-11 February), loaded ammunition at Mare Island (12 February), then returned to Treasure Island.

Underway at 1000 on 15 February 1945, Pueblo relieved Amethyst on Plane Guard Station No.1 (34°N, 131°30’W) the following evening (2131). Between that point and the morning of 24 February, she plotted and recorded the passage overhead of 257 west-bound flights and 53 east-bound. Relieved by patrol vessel Andradite on 24 February, Pueblo returned to Plane Guard Station No.2 and relieved sister ship Casper (PF-12) the next afternoon. The frigate, her SA radar only inoperative for only 17 minutes on 8 March, patrolled her assigned area until 10 March, plotting 34 east-bound flights and 345 headed west. Her place taken by Grand Forks at 0600 on 10 March, Pueblo returned to San Francisco three days later. Following an availability period alongside South Pier, Treasure Island (10-28 March), the ship sailed at 0730 on 28 March to establish Plane Guard Station No.3 at 28°40’N, 142°50’W. Arriving at that position on 31 March, she patrolled that portion of the Pacific until 21 April, logging 240 east-bound flights and 650 west-bound. Relieved by Grand Forks at 1430 on 21 April, Pueblo returned to San Francisco three days later, then shifted to Treasure Island on the 25th to begin an availability that continued through the first week of May 1945.

Following an in-port availability alongside South Pier, Treasure Island (25 April-11 May 1945), Pueblo calibrated her RDF equipment in the southern reaches of San Francisco Bay (11 May) before returning to her berth at South Pier. Soon thereafter, Pueblo operated on 13 and 14 May with the submarine Greenling (SS-213) “conducting scientific experiments,” returning to South Pier upon conclusion of those evolutions the first day. Relieved of escorting Greenling by the submarine chaser PC-791, the frigate returned to South Pier on 15 May.

Underway the following morning [16 May 1945], Pueblo relieved sister ship Brownsville (PF-10) on Station “Able”that afternoon. In turn relieved by PC-1238 on the morning of the 24th [1014], Pueblo returned to the familiar confines of South Pier. She shifted to North Pier on the 25th, remaining there until the 27th, when she embarked Rear Adm. William O. Spears, the Director of the Pan-American Division of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, whose “achievements…in his complex and exacting duties”of coordinating the U.S. Navy’s work with those of Latin American Republics “had a material effect on the prosecution of the war.” In addition to the admiral, the frigate embarked a multinational assemblage of naval and military officers from the U.S., Chinese, Soviet, Brazilian, Chilean and Uruguayan navies, the Hellenic [Greek] Air Force, and from the Chilean and Uruguayan cavalry. In addition, she hosted “several civilian aides and delegates to the United Nations Conference of International Organizations,”included among the latter Senator Thomas T. “Tom” Connally (Democrat – Texas), and former Senator William H. King (Democrat – Utah). Pueblo transported the party of dignitaries to Mare Island Navy Yard, then back to Treasure Island, disembarking them at North Pier at 1730. She shifted back to South Pier (1749-1755), whence she sailed on the morning of 29 May to return to Plane Guard Station No.3.

Pueblo remained at sea on station until 20 June 1945, plotting 171 east-bound flights and 629 west-bound, before turning over patrol duties to Grand Forks. Mooring alongside Brownsville upon her arrival at Treasure Island on the afternoon (1703) of 23 June, the newly arrived frigate began an availability period. Following that period of repairs and the calibration of her equipment on 6 July, Pueblo put to sea and steamed to Plane Guard Station No.2, relieving Grand Island (PF-14) on 8 July. Over the next fortnight, the ship plotted 325 flights heading east and 523 heading west before she turned over her duties to Andradite on 22 July. Shifting to Plane Guard Station No.3 upon Andradite’s arrival, Pueblo relieved sister ship Casper (PF-12) of that duty during the mid watch on 23 July. After plotting 230 east-bound flights and 318 west-bound during her stint on station, Pueblo turned over patrol duties to Brownsville on the afternoon of 30 July, setting course at that point to return to San Francisco.

Reaching Treasure Island on the afternoon of 2 August 1945, Pueblo lay moored to the port side of the South Pier there as hostilities ceased in the Pacific with Japan’s acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. With the war over, however, the ship’s routine remained largely unchanged, as she returned to Plane Guard Station No. 3, relieving Brownsville during the afternoon watch on 22 August. Relieved by Grand Forks on the afternoon of 12 September, Pueblo returned to Treasure Island on the 15th. Underway again on the morning of 3 October, she stood down San Francisco Bay, passing beneath the Golden Gate Bridge at 1107. She rendezvoused with Brownsville, exchanging motion picture film programs with that ship before relieving her on Plane Guard Station No.2. Relieved by that ship on the afternoon of 27 October, Pueblo returned to Treasure Island two days later.

Underway again on 27 November 1945, Pueblo relieved Grand Forks on Plane Guard Station No.3 on 30 November. While at sea, the Chief of Naval Operations assigned Pueblo to Escort Division 41 on 15 December 1945 (effective 1 January 1946, pending her disposal). Relieved by Grand Island on the afternoon of 22 December, three days before Christmas of 1945, the frigate embarked CMM Frank J. Foos, USCG, in serious condition, for urgent hospitalization. Passing beneath the Golden Gate Bridge during the first watch on Christmas Eve, Pueblo moored at 2245, transferring CMM Foos ashore five minutes later.

Underway on 9 January 1946, Pueblo stood down San Francisco Bay, and proceeded out to sea, then maneuvered to rendezvous with Casper mid-way through the afternoon watch on 11 January to transfer men, mail, and medical supplies. Pueblo relieved Grand Forks on Plane Guard Station No.3 the following afternoon. Annapolis (PF-15) in turn relieved Pueblo on 26 January, which then in turn relieved Casper on the early evening of 27 January. Grand Forks relieved Pueblo on 4 February after a movie exchange, then returned to Treasure Island on 6 February. She remained there for the rest of the month. During that time, on 26 February 1946, Commander, Western Sea Frontier, nominated the ship for disposal.

On 13 March 1946, Pueblo departed Treasure Island for Balboa, Canal Zone (C.Z.), arriving on 23 March during the forenoon watch. She entered the isthmian waterway at 1019, and ultimately entered Limon Bay, Colon, C.Z., at 1721, then moored at the U.S. Naval Station, Coco Solo, reporting for duty to Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, upon arrival. Underway on the morning of 26 March, Pueblo sailed from Coco Solo, and ultimately reached Charleston, S.C., mooring alongside the tank landing ship LST-41 at the Clyde Mallory Line’s Pier 3 on 31 March, reporting to Commandant, 6th Naval District, for disposal.

Pueblo shifted to the Naval Ammunition Depot, Charleston, on 8 April 1946, then stood down the Cooper River the following day to the Charleston Navy Yard. Moving to the Fuel Pier on 15 April, thence to Pier J-4 on 18 April, Pueblo was taken by the big harbor tugs YTB-544 and YTB-527, and the civilian tugs Hinton and Josephine, and moored in a nest in the Wando River, where, on 25 April she half-masted her colors to mark the passing of Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone of the Supreme Court, who had died of a cerebral hemorrhage on the 22nd.

Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.

New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie)Previously known officially as the "Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies" (Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et dépendances), then simply as the "Territory of New Caledonia" (French: Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie), the official French name is now only Nouvelle-Calédonie (Organic Law of 19 March 1999, article 222 IV &mdash see). The French courts often continue to use the appellation Territoire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie.

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Once in Grove, from the intersection of Main Street (OK-10, US-59) and 13th Street/Har-Ber Road, head west 2.7miles to south 595 Road (white fence on SW corner).

Turn left (south) on South 595 Road. Travel .5 miles.

At the Har-Ber Village sign, turn right onto West 20th. After .2 miles, enter the main gate. Take a sharp right at Café. Follow signs to parking lot. Enter through Visitor Center or explore the nearby Nature Trail. $10 adults $7.50 seniors $5 ages 6-17 under 6 free.

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