Phillip A. Twombly

Phillip A. Twombly


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Phillip A. Twombly was Executive Vice President of Coca Cola for their Caribbean operations. Later he owned a bank in Fullerton, California. According to Chauncey Holt this bank was used to distribute CIA funds for covert operations.

In 1963 Holt received instructions from Twombly to provide false ID documents for Lee Harvey Oswald. These documents (in the names of Lee Harvey Oswald and Alek Hiddell) were delivered by a man called George Reynolds. In August, 1963, Twombly asked Holt to travel to New Orleans, where he met Oswald and Carlos Bringuier.

Chauncey Holt later claimed he was went to Dallas in November, 1963, with Charlie Nicoletti, James Canty and Leo Moceri. In Dallas he passed on forged documents and guns (with silencers) to Charles Harrelson and Charles Rogers (Richard Montoya). Holt was told that "an incident was going to be created which could be laid at the door of pro-Castro Cubans. The word attempted assassination was never used. We assumed that from all this light loaded ammunition that maybe somebody was going to try to take a shot from somewhere, probably the Dal-Tex building, or one of the buildings around there. But at no time was it ever intimidated to us that an assassination or attempted assassination on Kennedy."

When the Kennedy motorcade reached the Dealey Plaza Holt was in the parking lot behind the Grassy Knoll. After the shooting took place Holt went to hide in a railroad car. He was joined by Charles Harrelson and Charles Rogers. However, soon afterwards, Dallas police officers entered the railroad car and arrested all three men. The three men along with Jim Brading were interviewed by Gordon Shanklin of the FBI and then released.

In October, 1991, Holt confessed to John Craig, Phillip Rogers and Gary Shaw about his role in the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Holt's story was undermined in 1992 when the Dallas Police Department revealed that the three tramps were Gus Abrams, John F. Gedney and Harold Doyle. Ray and Mary LaFontaine carried out their own research into this claim. They traced Doyle and Gedley who confirmed they were two of the tramps in the photograph. Gus Abrams was dead but his sister identified him as the third tramp in the photograph.

I should point out of course, one name I haven't mentioned and probably the most important on the West Coast was Phillip A. Twombly. Twombly had been at one time an Executive Vice President of Coca Cola for their Caribbean operations. And along with Donald Kendall (Pepsi Cola), was considered by the CIA to be the eyes and ears of the CIA (down there). So he came to California and bought a bank in Fullerton, which was strictly for the use as a conduit of finances.

All of the instructions that came to the West Coast came through Twombly. Twombly in turn, we would, we rarely met face to face. He had two assistance, one, a man by the name of David L. Palmer, and he had a gentleman by the name of Marilyn Mahab?, who used to pass on all the information to us in the way of instructions as to what we were to provide.

All of the requests that came for the stuff that we were to produce for Oswald, who we had never heard of, didn't even know, came from, through Twombly. These were pamphlets we were suppose to do, false identifications, a number of false identifications that ended up in the hands of authorities. We did IDs for Oswald in both his name and Hidel...

Phillip Twombly asked us if we would be willing to fly to New Orleans and give some support to Oswald, who was a stranger to us. The only thing we knew about Oswald at the time was we had detected the address on there as being 544 Camp Street. Although we were not familiar with Oswald we certainly knew what was at 544 Camp Street because we had done that before. It was the HQ of Sergio A. Smith's organization, the CRC. There was a restaurant in the first floor and Guy Bannister had an office in the building, although he used an address around the corner, it was in the same building. And George Reynolds knew the man who owned the building, a guy by the name of Sam Newman, and he knew him.


Biography of Cy Twombly, Romantic Symbolist Artist

Cy Twombly (born Edwin Parker "Cy" Twombly, Jr. April 25, 1928–July 5, 2011) was an American artist known for works featuring scribbled, sometimes graffiti-like paintings. He was often inspired by classical myths and poetry. His style is called "romantic symbolism" for its interpretation of classical material in shapes and words or wordless calligraphy. Twombly also created sculptures during much of his career.

Fast Facts: Cy Twombly

  • Occupation: Artist
  • Known For: Romantic symbolist paintings and characteristic scribbles
  • Born: April 25, 1928 in Lexington, Virginia
  • Died: July 5, 2011 in Rome, Italy
  • Education: School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Black Mountain College
  • Selected Works: "Academy" (1955), "Nine Discourses on Commodus" (1963), "Untitled (New York)" (1970)
  • Notable Quote: "I swear if I had to do this over again, I would just do the paintings and never show them."

Rewriting History: Cy Twombly Idolized the Legends of Antiquity

Cy Twombly admired the graffiti of ancient Greece and Rome. Ever since childhood, he had idolized classical wordsmiths who made marks both within their time and upon future generations. After working as an archaeological excavator and traveling through the ancient world with Robert Rauschenberg, Twombly recognized that street tagging of ancient artists, imperial ruins and antiquarian literature were all a kind of mark-making, whether upon Mediterranean cityscapes or the western psyche.

Robert Rauschenberg Cy + Relics&mdashRome, 1952. This photograph by Robert Rauschenberg of friend and fellow artist Cy Twombly was recently offered in 'A Constant Pursuit: Photographs from the Collection of Ed Cohen & Victoria Shaw', a New York auction at Phillips.

Lured by a lifestyle, the Virginia-born artist moved to Italy in 1957. His work was increasingly literary once he returned to New York. Canvases bore more notable signatures, and fragments of poetry&mdashsometimes the names of writers themselves&mdashbecame common in his works. Art critic Roberta Smith explained that "Cy Twombly is a great painter, but sometimes it seems even more accurate to describe him as a great writer."

Five Greek Poets and a Philosopher, 1978, served as both artifact and oracle, revealing its artist's past and offering clues about his future. Between 1977 and 1978, Twombly's attention was split between The Illiad and a forthcoming retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, as he produced Fifty Days at Illiam, a new multi-canvas historical painting of the Trojan War. The seven lithographs of Five Greek Poets and a Philosopher were an ode to Twombly's ancient heroes and anticipated group paintings that became his hallmark during the 1980s.

Cy Twombly is a great painter, but sometimes it seems even more accurate to describe him as a great writer.
&mdash Roberta Smith on Cy Twombly

Cy Twombly Five Greek Poets and a Philosopher, 1978. The complete set of seven lithographs (six in colors) with embossment, on Richard de Bas mould-made paper.

Because the medium was technical and required restraint, Twombly was not a prolific printmaker. Yet, the printmaking process proved fertile ground for a deep experimentation with typology. He declared "every line is the present experience of its own inherent history."

His printmaking practice focused on written words by etching the names of ancient linguistic masters in this set of seven lithographs, he dug straight at the source.


Phillip A. Twombly - History

The front page of The Dallas Times Herald — November 21, 1963: Richard Nixon photographed with Pepsi Cola President Donald Kendall in Dallas, Texas on the day before the murder of President Kennedy. The newspaper caption reads: “NIXON TODAY … JFK TOMORROW — Former Vice President Richard M. Nixon, left, found himself in Dallas on a ‘quick business trip’ Thursday on the eve of President Kennedy’s visit to the city. With Mr. Nixon is Don Kendall, president of Pepsi Cola Bottling Co. Mr. Nixon’s New York law partnership represents the soft drink company.”

Linking Nixon, Bush, Murchison and Kendall

I was reflecting on the Dear Don memo of june 1963 from Nixon to Pepsi CEO Donald Kendall, that Russ Baker discovered in the Nixon library:

In view of our discussion yesterday morning with regard to Cuba, I thought you might like to see a copy of the speech I made before the American Society of Newspaper editors in which I directed remarks toward this problem.
When I return from Europe I am looking forward to having a chance to get a further fill-in with regard to your experiences on the Bay of Pigs incident.

It’s a very interesting memo, because the Bay of Pigs incident had been two years ago and as far as we know, Kendall played no role it. Although he may have played a role, but there is no record of it. We also know that Haldeman was convinced that Nixon used the Bay of Pigs as a codeword to refer to the JFK assassination. Let us assume that for a while. Then this memo suggests that Kendall was more in the loop than Nixon on planning the JFK assassination later that year. Since the political future of JFK was dependent on the future of Kennedy, it would only be logical that Nixon would ask Kendall for a “further fill-in” on the “Bay of Pigs incident”.

There is no shortage of evidence that Nixon and Bush were very close. Neither is there shortage of linking Nixon and Kendall. It is less visible that Murchison and Bush were friends. But since they were both fellow oilmen from Texas and members of the Dallas Petroleum Club, involved with the CIA and denouncers of JFK’s policies, it is more than likely they were good friends. We know from the declassified memo’s that Bush stayed in Dallas the night before the JFK assassination. Therefore I believe it is probable that Bush attended the party at the Murchison ranch that night.

We know that Madeline Brown, LBJ’s mistress, claimed that Nixon and Hoover were there. Bush and Kendall were probably less prominent figures at the time for Madeline Brown. She does not mention them, but I think they may well have been there too. Kendall by the way is a trustee of the George H.W. Bush foundation.

The name of Boyden Gray in that trustee list is also interesting, because he is also said to have been close with Murchison. The amnesia of Bush about the JFK assassination is well documented, including irrefutable proof he stayed in the Dallas Sheraton hotel when it happened and made a “confidential” phonecall to the FBI about it.

David Atlee Phillips was the CIA controller of Lee Harvey Oswald. He was also the controller of the grassy knoll gunman, if James Files is to be believed. Upon retirement Phillips founded the Association of Former Intelligence Officers (AFIO). George H.W. Bush is the Chairman of the honorary Board of Directors.

Until this day, this club awards the yearly “David Atlee Phillips award”. The award is made to an individual who advances the interests of the American Intelligence Community.

I tried to find a link between Kendall and Murchison and I found one.

This is Murchison and Kendall both investing in the Daytona racetrack in the 1950’s.
So the question I asked myself, intrigued me: Could Kendall have played a major role, along with LBJ and Poppy Bush, in planning the JFK assassination?

I will be publishing the autobiography of Chauncey Holt in August. It will have many documents in it, like his certificate of membership of Phillip’s AFIO. Part of the conclusion of this exposing book is in my foreword:

The fact of the matter is that JFK was removed in a coup d’ etat, carried out a little more sophisticated than in the average banana republic. I always say that on november 22, 1963 the potential Kennedy dynasty, with Bobby and Ted waiting in the wings, was replaced by the Bush dynasty. This may sound odd, but few people know that the Bush family had tremendous influence over American politics even before the Kennedy presidency. Senator Prescott Bush for example, father of George Herbert Walker Bush, had made his fortune as a banker with Brown Brothers, Harriman, some of it by financing the war effort of Adolf Hitler. This is now all well documented. He was instrumental in convincing his golf mate Eisenhower to run for President and installing his minion “Tricky Dick” Nixon under him as Vice President. So Ike could stay playing golf, give a great speech when necessary, while the actual administration was run by Nixon under direction of the Bushes and friends, among them CIA director Allen Dulles and later president Gerald Ford, both Warren Commission members to “investigate” JFK’s murder. This was much like the Reagan/Bush administration, of Iran Contra fame, was run two decades later. Had the Bushes had their way, Nixon would have succeeded Eisenhower. Were it not that Kennedy won that election. Quite surprisingly and with the narrowest margin in history. As the story goes because Kennedy had made a deal with Chicago crime boss Sam Giancana to get some votes his way in return for the broken promise to lay low on Organized Crime. In short, there is a lot more than meets the eye.

Others say that the JFK assassination happened too long ago to be of interest today. I disagree wholeheartedly and blame it on ignorance. I maintain that that the political landscape of today is a direct result of the assassination. A sitting, elected President was removed through a secret, illegal coup d’etat and the ones who committed the crime, seized power. At least 4 succeeding Presidents were in some capacity involved in the planning and/or cover-up of the murder. Lyndon Baines Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford and George Herbert Walker Bush. It is therefore safe to say that George W. Bush, the most recent ex-President, also knows that JFK’s death was a coup d’etat, a crime against the American system and thus its people.. The assassination may be some time ago, but the power structure built on it, is still at the helm today. Not so long ago at all. Besides, game changing events are never too long ago. As the late comedian Bill Hicks said: “If the Kennedy assassination is too long ago, then quit talking to me about Jesus.”

As you probably know Holt identifies Phillip Twombly as his CIA superior, instructing him to fabricate false Secret Service ID’s for an event in Dallas on 11/22/1963 and deliver them the night before to a rabid anti-Kennedy Cuban exile by the name of Homer Echevarria. Twombly had been an executive vice president for Coca Cola and was very good friends with Donald Kendall. Holt says Kendall and Twombly were considered to be “eyes and ears of the CIA in the Caribbean”.

I have asked Kendall by email about his relationship with Phillip Twombly, whether it was more than just businesswise. Through his secretary he let me know that he does not recall a Mr. Twombly in his life. Which is an odd denial, as it seems close to impossible that he never knew a fellow director of Pepsi’s biggest rival, who owned several fruit juice companies afterwards. Moreover, like Bush and Nixon, he does not recall where he was when he heard the news about JFK’s assassination. Also, if Twombly co-planned the JFK assassination, including setting up Lee Harvey Oswald as the patsy, as Holt’s book will show, how likely is it that his business collegue and friend Donald Kendall didn’t know anything about it?

From: Toenniessen, Janet
Sent: donderdag 16 juni 2011 0:21
To: Wim Dankbaar
Subject: RE: Question for Mr. Donald Kendall

I gave Mr. Kendall this information, however, he still does not remember Mr. Twombly. As you can imagine, Mr. Kendall at age 90, and having been with Pepsi for over 63 years, has met a lot of people and attended a lot of meetings and conventions.

He does remember being in Dallas at that time, and was there with Richard Nixon the day that President John F. Kennedy was shot.

His memory still serves him in good order, however, even with the facts you have provided, he does not recall Mr. Twombly.

From: Wim Dankbaar [mailto:[email protected]]
Sent: Thursday, June 16, 2011 6:40 AM
To: Toenniessen, Janet
Subject: RE: Question for Mr. Donald Kendall

Does Mr. Kendall recall where he stayed the night(s) before John F. Kennedy was shot?

From: Toenniessen, Janet
Sent: donderdag 16 juni 2011 18:20
To: Wim Dankbaar
Subject: RE: Question for Mr. Donald Kendall

Mr. Kendall does not recall where he stayed, or anything else about the trip.

From: Wim Dankbaar [mailto:[email protected]]
Sent: Thursday, June 16, 2011 1:14 PM
To: Toenniessen, Janet
Subject: RE: Question for Mr. Donald Kendall

I must say that is most remarkable when Mr Kendall’s memory still serves him well. Because every at-the-time-adult American knows where he was and stayed when Kennedy was shot. Except Richard Nixon and George H.W. Bush, and now Mr. Kendall.

Could you ask Mr. Kendall if he remembers staying at the ranch of Mr. Murchison?

I am attaching a letter for his review.

Also, does Mr. Kendall know why Mr. Nixon asked him to give him an update on the “Bay of Pigs incident”?

I wonder why Mr. Kendall has amnesia about all this. Does he truly not remember he was “staying with friends” and had a “business meeting” in Dallas on the night of november 21, 1963, with Mr. Phillip Twombly? And where that business meeting was?

It’s rather strange, don’t you agree? Mr Kendall was in Dallas when JFK, the president of the United States, was killed, but Mr. Kendall does not recall where he stayed or anything else about the trip? Does he recall where and when he heard the news?

Do you know where you were when you heard the news?

Does Mr Kendall remember anything about instructing his friend Richard Nixon that the world should be saved from President Salvador Allende?

I attach a 10/11/1963 letter from Twombly to Chauncey Holt (who is addressed under his alias Jack Moon). It’s a kicker that speaks for itself:

I will be attending the bottler’s convention the week of 1/18.

Two rooms have been reserved at the Adolphus for O’Malley and Canty for 11/21. You can arrive anytime and stay as long as you like, if you are worn out from your trip from the coast. Everything is taken care of just sign the tab.

Kendall and I are staying with friends and we have a business meeting the night of the 21st. I am leaving at noon on the 22nd so I won’t see you until you get back to California.

We now have the documented friends, Bush, Nixon, Murchison and Kendall, all connected with the CIA, all in Dallas the night before JFK was killed, but displaying amnesia about the fact.

Nixon asserts with a telling smirk that LBJ didn’t like to be number 2:

Bush puts his seal on the Warren Report, but like Nixon, he can’t suppress a smile about the successful cover-up of a crime that brought both men to the Presidency:

Another book will hit the shelves later this year, by former Nixon advisor Roger Stone:

My new Book will show the LBJ, working with the CIA, Mob, Secret Service. FBI, Dallas Police Department and Dallas County Sheriff’s Dept , Cuban Exiles and Texas Oil men had JFK Murdered in Dallas and that Oswald is NOT the Killer. James Files and Mobster Johnny Roselli both in on the plot.

“There is no doubt now that there was a conspiracy, yet most of us are not very angry about it. The conspiracy to kill the president of the United States was also a conspiracy against the democratic system –and thus a conspiracy against you. I think you should get very angry about that.”

– Gaeton Fonzi, Investigator for the House Select Comittee on Assassinations

I would like to add that the cover-up of the conspiracy was co-arranged by Chief Justice Earl Warren and FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, the very top men of the American justice system. A higher degree of lies, deceit and betrayal of the American people is just not imaginable. Finally we know what Jack Ruby meant to say:


Sympathy Flowers

Philip was born on July 26, 1943 and passed away on Sunday, February 19, 2012.

Philip was a resident of Tilton, New Hampshire at the time of passing.

Philip was married to F. Gayle.

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Wonder, the Rainbow, and the Aesthetics of Rare Experiences

&ldquo Like Kant, Fisher wants to sketch out &lsquothe lively border&rsquo between aesthetics and intelligibility, and he is to be applauded for pursuing this border in and of itself, without reducing aesthetic experience to ideology, sociology, or identity politics, as the greater part of university literary criticism has tended to do over the past decade. Unlike Kant, Fisher employs an eclectic discursive method, passing with admirable erudition from Descartes&rsquo account of the rainbow to Plato&rsquos geometrical problem of how to double the area of a square to an analysis of two abstract canvases by Cy Twombly. &rdquo &mdashAdam Bresnick, The Times Literary Supplement

&ldquo In Wonder, the Rainbow, and the Aesthetics of Rare Experiences, Philip Fisher confronts one of our most fundamental cliches about the modern era: that science, by explaining the mechanics of the physical world, has demystified our world. We now know how tornadoes and rainbows work, how suns and planets are made, and how a caterpillar becomes a butterfly. Has this knowledge brought a loss of innocence? &hellipFisher argues the opposite&hellip In this delightful history of attempts to understand the rainbow, Fisher shows that wonder and science walk hand in hand&hellip Wonder, the Rainbow, and the Aesthetics of Rare Experiences is an excellent exercise in stretching the mind, and it is full of extraordinary insights. With his study, Fisher has emulated the actors in the grand story of human learning&mdashthe pioneers who went after the wonderful, and in so doing, gave us more. &rdquo &mdashDavid Grayson, The San Francisco Bay Guardian

&ldquo A short but ample book, in which Fisher ranges well beyond his home territory of literature into science, mathematics, philosophy, architecture, mythology, and modern art and where Shakespeare rubs shoulders with Frank Lloyd Wright, Nabokov with Aristotle, Newton with Cy Twombly. Fisher takes wonder where he finds it, in the Chicago skyline, Miranda&rsquos exclamations in The Tempest or Descartes&rsquos explanation of the rainbow. Experiences of wonder may be by definition rare, but for Fisher they are dispersed all over the map of knowledge&hellip This is a learned, cultivated work. &rdquo &mdashLorraine Daston, London Review of Books

&ldquo An impressive literary&ndashphilosophical&ndashgeometric thesis that argues for the primacy of the feeling of wonder on confronting rare beauty in art or in nature. &rdquo &mdashThe Guardian

&ldquo At a time when so much writing in the theory of art and the criticism of culture can seem to sublime itself without managing to become interesting, Philip Fisher has produced an aesthetics of wonder that provides the freshness of experience he undertakes to explain. &rdquo &mdashStanley Cavell, author of A Pitch of Philosophy

&ldquo Philip Fisher&rsquos book on wonder is a brilliant, original, and wide-ranging study of a subject that has only recently become visible to intellectual historians. It is also, like all Fisher&rsquos work, marvelously lucid and richly suggestive. &rdquo &mdashMichael Fried, author of Manet&rsquos Modernism

&ldquo Philip Fisher&rsquos new book not only is about wonder, but is in itself a wondrous performance&mdashfresh, provocative, original, and sure to provoke lively debate in the fields of aesthetics and epistemology. &rdquo &mdashW.J.I. Mitchell, author of Picture Theory

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Prince Philip had a rich Hollywood history – here’s how he was depicted in film and TV

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh – who died April 9 at 99 – spent most of his life as a stalwart companion to his bride, who became Queen Elizabeth II unexpectedly soon upon her father’s death in 1952. Through those many years, in addition to several documentaries where he appeared as himself, the prince was portrayed by a variety of actors in movies and television.

The most recent and high-profile depiction has been on Netflix’s hit series “The Crown,” in which Philip was played at various ages by two different British actors, with a third upcoming in the series’ fifth and sixth seasons. An American was cast as Philip in “The Queen,” while one of his real-life friends took the reins in a 1982 TV movie for CBS.

He was even portrayed in another TV movie by the actor who menaced Middle Earth as Saruman in Peter Jackson’s “Lord of the Rings” and “The Hobbit” trilogies.

Curious about how Hollywood sees Prince Philip? Here are the actors who’ve taken on the role over the years – and one who will play him in the near future.

‘The Crown’

Matt Smith, Tobias Menzies, Jonathan Pryce, Finn Elliot

Despite being fiction, “The Crown” has done a lot in the past five years to make Americans and others feel like they know a bit about the Royal Family. Prince Philip was played by Matt Smith in the series’ first two seasons, followed by Tobias Menzies in the third and fourth. Jonathan Pryce will take the reigns as Philip in the coming fifth and sixth seasons. Also, Finn Elliot played a young Philip in three episodes of the show across Season 2 and Season 3.

“He’s torn between the duty to his wife and a duty to himself,” Smith told the Los Angeles Times about his Philip character. “And I found that conflict very interesting to explore and play because he’s pulled in two different directions constantly. No other man in that period would kneel before his wife or walk 2 feet behind her. That was very difficult for him.”

‘The Queen’

James Cromwell, an American, played Philip opposite Helen Mirren as Queen Elizabeth II, a performance that won her an Oscar in 2007. The New York Times said Cromwell played Philip as a “dim bulb,” one of a cast of secondary characters who “prove especially crucial because it’s through their dealings with the queen, their awe and boobishness …, that we start to get a handle on her.” Cromwell was nominated for an Oscar in 1995 for “Babe” he starred in HBO’s “Six Feet Under” and the movie “L.A. Confidential,” to name only a few of his many credits.

‘The Queen’s Corgi’

This is a weird one: In this 2019 animated European film, distinguished for the lousy reviews that resulted in a 0% critics score on website Rotten Tomatoes, British actor Tom Courtenay provided the voice of the Prince Philip character. In the film, the queen’s favorite corgi, Rex, a gift from Philip, gets sent to the pound and lost after – no lie – he accidentally flies into the crotch of President Trump during dinner with the royals. “What should have been an easy cash-in – cute pups with a splash of Anglophilia thrown in – has somehow morphed into something deeply unpleasant and in no way suitable for children,” the Independent wrote. Guessing nobody is mistaking this royal tale for the truth.

‘Charles & Diana: A Royal Love Story’

British actor Christopher Lee, who died in 2015, played Prince Philip in this 1982 ABC TV movie. Lee, typecast early in his career as a horror actor, was eventually better known for playing Saruman in “The Lord of the Rings” and “The Hobbit” and Count Dooku in the “Star Wars” films. He was knighted in real life by Prince Charles in 2009.

‘The Royal Romance of Charles and Diana’

Stewart Granger, a British actor who died in 1993, was actually an old friend of Prince Philip, according to UPI. The news service said Granger enjoyed playing his royal pal in a 1982 TV movie on CBS. Coming out a year after Prince Charles and Princess Diana were married, the movie reflected their relationship as a dream pairing it even ended with a shot of Charles and Di cooing over a newborn Prince William. “All the project lacks is an irresistibly cute dog,” the New York Times said.

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History

St. Philip Neri Catholic School was borne from St. Philip Neri Parish, which itself was established in 1960 under the leadership of Fr. A. Charles Kenney. The downstairs of Building 1 on campus served as the first permanent structure Church in the parish and 8 classrooms were placed upstairs. Groundbreaking for the Building 1 took place in January 1961.

The school opened on the Kawanee campus for the 1963 school year with Mrs. Olga L. Neyrey serving as Principal (for 1961 and 1962, SPN students used classrooms at St. Mary Magdalen School). In the first year, the school served students from K-4 and had a faculty of 8 professionals, including Mrs. Neyrey and her office manager.

The completed "Building 1" Church first offered Mass at 7:00 AM on Sunday. October 29 1961.

An addition to the school was blessed by Archbishop Cody on September 15, 1963. In July 1964, three portable classrooms were positioned behind the school/Church building.

Groundbreaking for the current Church building, with Archbishop Hannan in attendance, took place in the late 1970s with the Church building opening a few years later.

Currently. SPN serves infants, one year olds, and two year olds in our dedicated Early Learning Center. On the main campus, SPN is a PK3-Seventh Grade School, with three sections in grades PK3-Fourth and two sections in each Middle School grade level in three school buildings.


Prince Philip had a long history of racist and problematic language stretching back nearly 40 years

Prince Philip, the husband of Queen Elizabeth II, died on Friday and his legacy is muddied by a decades-long history of off-the-cuff problematic and casually racist comments.

Philip, who died at 99, was the longest-serving consort in the history of the British monarchy. While he's remembered for his work with charity organizations like the World Wide Fund for Nature, he's repeatedly made offensive statements.

The Duke, who married the Queen in 1947, retired from public life in May 2017 at the age of 95, but for more than 40 years prior his racist, sexist, or degrading statements were brushed off as "gaffes."

In 1986, while on a visit to China, Philip described Beijing as "ghastly." He also told British students: "If you stay here much longer you'll all be slitty-eyed."

That same year, while speaking at a World Wildlife Fund meeting, Philip made an insensitive comment on Cantonese cuisine.

"If it has four legs and is not a chair, has wings and is not an airplane, or swims and is not a submarine, the Cantonese will eat it," he said.

In 1988, he told a student who was trekking through Papua New Guinea: "You managed not to get eaten then?"

In 1994, he asked residents of the Cayman Islands if most of them were "descended from pirates" and in 2002 he asked an aboriginal leader in Queensland: "Do you still throw spears at each other?"

Kehinde Andrews, Professor of Black Studies at Birmingham City University, told CNN: "He was a throwback to old-school racism. Painting him as a benign, cuddly uncle of the nation is simply untrue."

Philip also made many sexist remarks. "You are a woman, aren't you?" he asked a Kenyan woman in 1984 when she gave him a gift.

In 1988 he said: "I don't think a prostitute is more moral than a wife, but they are doing the same thing," Mashable reported.

In 2009 he met a female Sea Cadet who told him she worked at a nightclub. Phillip asked her: "Is it a strip club?"

Other comments made by the Duke were generally offensive.

In 2002, he said "So who's on drugs here. HE looks as if he's on drugs," while pointing to a 14-year-old member of a Bangladeshi youth club.

He told the president of Nigeria that he looked like he was "ready for bed," because he was dressed in a traditional robe.

Philip also told a 13-year-old who wanted to become an astronaut that he should lose some weight.

His history of offensive comments comes at a time when racial sensitivity and racism in the Royal family is being looked into after Prince Harry and Meghan Markle told Oprah Winfrey that members of the family were concerned over what skin tone her son Archie would have before he was born. Markle never specifically said who made those comments.

In a follow-up appearance, Winfrey told host Gayle King that it was not Queen Elizabeth or Prince Philip who had "concerns" on the topic.

Prince Harry and Markle did pay tribute to Philip after his death was announced.

"In loving memory of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh," the couple posted on their Archewell website. "Thank you for your service. You will be greatly missed."


Worcester Genealogy (in Worcester County, MA)

NOTE: Additional records that apply to Worcester are also found through the Worcester County and Massachusetts pages.

Worcester Birth Records

Massachusetts, Birth Records, 1926-present Massachusetts Registry of Vital Records and Statistics

Records of the First Unitarian Church of Worcester 1785-1919 (includes vital records) American Ancestors

Vital Records to 1850 Massachusetts Vital Records Project

Worcester Cemetery Records

All Faiths Cemetery and Crematory (New Swedish Cemetery) Billion Graves

Hope Cemetery Billion Graves

Inscriptions from the old burial grounds in Worcester, Massachusetts, from 1727 to 1859 : with biographical and historical notes Genealogy Gophers

Old Swedish Cemetery Billion Graves

Rural Cemetery Billion Graves

Saint John Cemetery Billion Graves

Worcester Common Cemetery Worchester Mass

Worcester Census Records

United States Federal Census, 1790-1940 Family Search

Worcester Church Records

All Saints church, Worcester, Massachusetts a centennial history, 1835-1935 Internet Archive

Articles of faith and covenant, and standing rules of the Piedmont Congregational Church, Worcester, Massachusetts : with the names of officers and members, and historical sketch, organized 1872 Genealogy Gophers

Articles of faith and covenant, and standing rules of the Piedmont Congregational Church, Worcester, Massachusetts : with the names of officers and members, and historical sketch, organized 1872 Internet Archive

Brief history of the First Baptist Church, Worcester, Mass. : with the Declaration of Faith, the Church Covenant, and a list of officers and members, constituted December 9, 1812 Internet Archive

Catalogue of the officers and members of the Salem St. Congregational Church, in Worcester : together with the confession of faith, covenant, and standing rules Internet Archive

Membership List for St. Casimir Church (Lithuanian) 1920 Lithuanian Genealogy

Records of the First Unitarian Church of Worcester 1785-1919 (includes vital records) American Ancestors

Worcester City Directories

Graduates of the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Mass., 1849-1893 Genealogy Gophers

The Worcester almanac, directory, and business advertiser, including the ordinances of the city of Worcester, 1850 Internet Archive

The Worcester directory containing a general directory of the citizens, a business directory and the city and county register, 1889 Internet Archive

The Worcester directory containing a general directory of the citizens, a business directory and the city and county register, 1907 Internet Archive

The Worcester house directory and family address book : a supplement to the Worcester directory, 1918 Internet Archive

Worcester Massachusetts Almanac, Directory, And Buiness Advertiser 1860 Internet Archive

Worcester, Massachusetts city directory 1878-79 Internet Archive

Worcester Death Records

Massachusetts, Death Records, 1926-present Massachusetts Registry of Vital Records and Statistics

Records of the First Unitarian Church of Worcester 1785-1919 (includes vital records) American Ancestors

Vital Records to 1850 Massachusetts Vital Records Project

Worcester Histories and Genealogies

Dictionary of Worcester (Massachusetts) and its vicinity, 1893 Internet Archive

Forty immortals of Worcester and its county : a brief account of those natives or residents who have accomplished something for their community or for the nation Genealogy Gophers

History of Worcester County, Massachusetts : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men V.1 Genealogy Gophers

History of Worcester and its people Vol. 03 Genealogy Gophers

Inscriptions from the old burial grounds in Worcester, Massachusetts, from 1727 to 1859 : with biographical and historical notes Genealogy Gophers

Reminiscences and biographical notices of past members Genealogy Gophers

Roster and Genealogies of the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Civil War) Susan Harnwell

Worcester Immigration Records

Worcester Land Records

Massachusetts Land Records Secretary of the Commonwealth

Worcester Map Records

Atlas of the city of Worcester, Massachusetts, 1886 State Library of Massachusetts

Atlas of the city of Worcester, Massachusetts, 1896 State Library of Massachusetts

Atlas of the city of Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, 1870 State Library of Massachusetts

Map of the city of Worcester, Worcester Co , Mass , 1878 Library of Congress

Map of the city of Worcester, Worcester Co , Mass , 1878 Library of Congress

Map of the city of Worcester, Worcester Co., Mass., 1878 Library of Congress

Map of the city of Worcester, Worcester Co., Mass., 1878 Library of Congress

Reminiscences of Worcester from the earliest period, historical and genealogical : with notices of early settlers and prominent citizens, and descriptions of old landmarks and ancient dwellings, accompanied by a map and numerous illustrations Genealogy Gophers

Richards Standard Atlas of the city of Worcester, Massachusetts, 1911 State Library of Massachusetts

Richards Standard Atlas of the city of Worcester, Massachusetts, 1922 State Library of Massachusetts

Sanborn Fire Insurance Map from Worcester, Worcester County, Massachusetts, 1892 Library of Congress

The Worcester index : a bureau of information, showing in detail the official plans of real estate and maps from latest surveys : combined with complete assessed valuations of all buildings and land within boundary lines of the city : a general guide to localities, giving in condensed form material facts of value, 1901 State Library of Massachusetts

Worcester Marriage Records

Massachusetts, Marriage Records, 1926-present Massachusetts Registry of Vital Records and Statistics

Records of the First Unitarian Church of Worcester 1785-1919 (includes vital records) American Ancestors

Vital Records to 1850 Massachusetts Vital Records Project

Worcester Military Records

Roster and Genealogies of the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry (Civil War) Susan Harnwell

Worcester in the war of the Revolution : embracing the acts of the town from 1765 to 1783 inclusive, with an appendix Genealogy Gophers

Worcester Minority Records

Worcester Miscellaneous Records

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1848/49-1855 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1856-1861 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1862-1866 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1867-1870 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1871 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1872 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1873 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1874 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1875 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1876 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1877 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1878 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1879 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1880 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1881 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1882 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1883 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1884 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1885 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1886 Internet Archive

Town annual reports of the several departments for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1887 Internet Archive

Worcester Newspapers and Obituaries

American Herald 01/19/1784 to 06/30/1788 Genealogy Bank

American Herald and the Worcester Recorder 08/21/1788 to 10/08/1789 Genealogy Bank

Bay State Farmer and Mechanic's Ledger 03/25/1846 to 07/01/1848 Genealogy Bank

Campaign 08/29/1873 to 09/04/1873 Genealogy Bank

Christian Citizen 01/06/1844 to 05/10/1851 Genealogy Bank

Christian Reflector 05/10/1838 to 12/29/1841 Genealogy Bank

Commercial Advertiser 07/04/1865 to 08/23/1873 Genealogy Bank

Daily Transcript 06/09/1845 to 06/26/1848 Genealogy Bank

Etendard National 11/03/1869 to 10/18/1870 Genealogy Bank

Evening Gazette 01/01/1930 to 12/31/1940 Genealogy Bank

Foyer Canadien 03/18/1873 to 09/29/1874 Genealogy Bank

Independent Gazetteer 11/27/1799 to 12/29/1801 Genealogy Bank

L'Etendard National, 1869-1870 Google News Archive

Massachusetts Spy 05/03/1775 to 12/29/1876 Genealogy Bank

National Aegis 12/02/1801 to 12/30/1876 Genealogy Bank

North Bend 07/18/1840 to 11/07/1840 Genealogy Bank

Old Massachusetts 09/25/1841 to 10/28/1842 Genealogy Bank

Oracle of Liberty 10/22/1844 to 11/08/1844 Genealogy Bank

Scandinavia 1887-1917 Swedish American Newspapers

Svea 1899-1922 Swedish American Newspapers

Travailleur 10/16/1874 to 12/28/1876 Genealogy Bank

True Whig 07/12/1848 to 11/14/1848 Genealogy Bank

Wasp 10/01/1842 to 11/05/1842 Genealogy Bank

Worcester Daily Spy 01/01/1878 to 04/30/1904 Genealogy Bank

Worcester Daily Transcript 04/01/1851 to 12/31/1855 Genealogy Bank

Worcester Evening Gazette 1953 Paper of Record

Worcester Magazine 10/11/2007 to Current Genealogy Bank

Worcester Palladium 02/19/1840 to 02/12/1876 Genealogy Bank

Worcester Republican 09/08/1860 to 11/03/1860 Genealogy Bank

Worcester Sentinel 10/03/1868 to 10/17/1868 Genealogy Bank

Worcester Telegram & Gazette 01/16/1989 to Current Genealogy Bank

Worcester Telegram & Gazette: Web Edition Articles 01/02/2017 to Current Genealogy Bank

Worcester Telegram 1953 Paper of Record

Offline Newspapers for Worcester

According to the US Newspaper Directory, the following newspapers were printed, so there may be paper or microfilm copies available. For more information on how to locate offline newspapers, see our article on Locating Offline Newspapers.

Aegis and Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1866-1896

Aegis and Transcript. (Worcester, Mass.) 1857-1865

American Herald and the Worcester Recorder. (Worcester, Mass.) 1788-1789

Bay State Farmer and Mechanic's Ledger. (Worcester [Mass]) 1846-1847

Burritt's Christian Citizen. (Worcester, Mass.) 1846-1851

Cataract and Waterfall, Or, Massachusetts Washingtonian. (Worcester, Mass.) 1843-1844

Christian Citizen. (Worcester, Mass.) 1844-1846

Christian Reflector [Electronic Resource]. (Worcester, Mass.) 1840-1848

Christian Reflector [Microform]. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1840-1848

Christian Reflector. (Worcester, Mass.) 1838-1848

Commercial Advertiser. (Worcester, Mass.) 1865-1873

Daily Bay State. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1856-1858

Daily Evening Journal. (Worcester, Mass.) 1854-1855

Daily Spy. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1845-1850

Daily Transcript. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1845-1848

Daily Transcript. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1851-1855

Daily Tribune. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1849-1851

Evening Gazette Worcester Evening Post. (Worcester, Mass.) 1948-1965

Evening Gazette the Evening Post. (Worcester, Mass.) 1938-1948

Evening Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1907-1938

Evening Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1965-1989

Farmers' and Mechanics' Weekly Journal. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1847-1848

Independent Gazetteer [Microform]. (Worcester, Mass.) 1800-1801

Independent Gazetteer. (Worcester, Mass.) 1800-1801

Independent Journal, and Temperance Agitator. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1853-1855

Jewish Chronicle-Leader. (Worcester, Ma) 1980-1992

Jewish Civic Leader. (Worcester, Mass.) 1926-1980

Labor News. (Worcester, Ma.) 1906-1970

Labor News. (Worcester, Mass.) 1906-1970

Massachusetts Cataract and Worcester County Waterfall. (Worcester, Mass.) 1844-1847

Massachusetts Cataract, Temperance Standard and Dew Drop. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1848-1853

Massachusetts Spy and Worcester Advertiser. ([Worcester, Mass.]) 1823-1825

Massachusetts Spy, Or, American Oracle of Liberty. (Worcester, Mass.) 1775-1778

Massachusetts Spy, Or, Worcester Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1810-1811

Massachusetts Spy, and Worcester County Advertiser. ([Worcester, Mass.) 1825-1831

Massachusetts Spy. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1821-1823

Massachusetts Spy. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1831-1858

Massachusetts Weekly Spy. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1858-1882

Massachusetts Yeoman, and Worcester Saturday Journal and Advertiser. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1825-1833

Massachusetts Yeoman. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1823-1825

National Aegis & General Advertiser. (Worcester, Mass.) 1831-1833

National Aegis. (Worcester, Mass.) 1801-1831

National Aegis. (Worcester, Mass.) 1806-1807

National Aegis. (Worcester, Mass.) 1838-1857

New England Farmer. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1847-1848

New England Home Journal. (Worcester, Mass.) 1882-1884

New England Home Journal. (Worcester, Mass.) 1887-1889

Old Massachusetts. (Worcester, Mass.) 1841-1842

Reformer. (Worcester, Mass.) 1839-1840

Saturday Observer. (Worcester, Mass.) 1897-1898

Semi-Weekly Journal. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1847-1848

Spy. (Worcester, Mass.) 1918-1919

State Sentinel. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1844-1845

Telegram & Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1989-Current

Thomas's Massachusetts Spy, Or, American Oracle of Liberty. (Worcester, Mass.) 1778-1781

Thomas's Massachusetts Spy, Or, Worcester Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1811-1821

Thomas's Massachusetts Spy, Or, the Worcester Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1781-1786

Thomas's Massachusetts Spy, Or, the Worcester Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1788-1810

Weekly Bay State. (Worcester, Mass.) 1856-1860

Worcester County Democrat. (Worcester, Mass.) 1860-1861

Worcester County Republican. (Worcester, Mass.) 1829-1833

Worcester Daily Journal. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1847-1849

Worcester Daily News. (Worcester, Mass.) 1885-1886

Worcester Daily Press. (Worcester, Mass.) 1873-1878

Worcester Daily Spy. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1850-1888

Worcester Daily Telegram. (Worcester, Mass.) 1886-1888

Worcester Daily Telegraph. (Worcester, Mass.) 1848-1849

Worcester Daily Times. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1879-1890

Worcester Daily Times. (Worcester, Mass.) 1860-1861

Worcester Daily Transcript. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1862-1865

Worcester Daily Transcript. (Worcester, Mass.) 1857-1859

Worcester Evening Gazette. (Worcester, Mass.) 1866-1907

Worcester Evening Post. (Worcester, Mass.) 1891-1938

Worcester Evening Press. (Worcester, Mass.) 1874-1877

Worcester Home Journal. (Worcester, Mass.) 1884-1887

Worcester Magazine [Electronic Resource]. (Worcester, Mass.) 1786-1788

Worcester Magazine [Microform]. (Worcester, Mass.) 1786-1788

Worcester Magazine. (Worcester, Mass.) 1786-1788

Worcester Morning Daily Spy. (Worcester, Mass.) 1888-1898

Worcester Palladium and Worcester County Republican. (Worcester, Mass.) 1839-1840

Worcester Palladium. (Worcester, Mass.) 1834-1839

Worcester Palladium. (Worcester, Mass.) 1840-1876

Worcester Republican. (Worcester, Mass.) 1833-1839

Worcester Spy. (Worcester, Mass.) 1898-1904

Worcester Sunday Spy. (Worcester [Mass.]) 1888-1904

Worcester Sunday Telegram. (Worcester, Mass.) 1884-1886

Worcester Telegram. (Worcester, Mass.) 1888-1989

Worcester Telegraph. (Worcester, Mass.) 1847-1848

Worcester Transcript. (Worcester, Mass.) 1855-1857

Worcester Transcript. (Worcester, Mass.) 1859-1862

Worcester Veckoblad. (Worcester, Mass.) 1886-1887

Worcester Weekly Press. (Worcester, Mass.) 1873-1878

Worcester Probate Records

Index to the Probate Records of the County of Worcester 1731-1881, 1898-1904, 1905-10 American Ancestors

Index to the probate records of the County of Worcester, Massachusetts, from July 12, 1731, to January 1, 1920 : series A and B, Vol. 1, Series B Genealogy Gophers

Index to the probate records of the County of Worcester, Massachusetts, from July 12, 1731, to January 1, 1920 : series A and B, Vol. 1A Genealogy Gophers

Index to the probate records of the County of Worcester, Massachusetts, from July 12, 1731, to January 1, 1920 : series A and B, Vol. 1C Genealogy Gophers

Worcester School Records

Alumni directory of Holy Cross College, 1927 Internet Archive

Assumption College High School, Memini Yearbook, 1936, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968 Internet Archive

Assumption College, Heights Yearbook, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 Internet Archive

Catalogue of the Worcester High School - 1871-1872 Genealogy Gophers

Classical High School, Classic myths yearbook, 1925, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963 Internet Archive

College of the Holy Cross, Alumni directory, 1849-1903 Internet Archive

College of the Holy Cross, Purple Patcher yearbook, 1933, 1938, 1948, 1953, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1973, 1978, 1983, 1988, 1998, 2003, 2008 Internet Archive

Directory of alumni, faculty and students [Clark University 1899-1915] Internet Archive

University of Massachusetts Medical School, Iatros, 1978, 1984 Internet Archive

Worcester Classical High School 1938-1988 : On the occasion of the 50th reunion Internet Archive

Worcester Tax Records

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