Seize ARS-26 - History

Seize ARS-26 - History

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(ARS-26: dp. 1,940, 1. 213'6", b. 30', dr. 14'4", s. 14.8
k.; cpl. 120, a. 4 40mm. AA; cl. Diver)

Seize was laid down on 28 September 1943 by the Basalt Rock Co., Napa, Calif., launched on 8 April 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Louis Perkins; and commissioned at Vallejo, Calif., on 3 November 1944, Lt. Herman B. Conrad in command.

Following repairs and shakedown, the salvage ship reported for duty on 11 May 1945 at San Francisco On 2 June, Seize arrived off the entrance to Pearl Har bor with three pontoon bridges in tow. Reporting to Service Force Squadron 2 for duty, Seize spent a busy first month in repairs, carrying out radar-jamming experiments, patrolling, and towing.

On 10 July, the salvage vessel got underway with APL~43 in tow for the Marshall Islands, arriving at Eniwetok on the 22d. Seize departed Eniwetok on 4 August, with PB-46 in tow and accompanied by Avoyel (ATF-150). She reached Guam on 13 August.

On 14 August, still towing PB-46, Seize got underway in convoy for Okinawa Shima. Anchoring there on the 22d, she was relieved of PB-46 the next day, and assisted in salvaging Oberrender (DE-344) from 27 August to 11 September.

Seize departed Okinawa on 17 September. Arriving by convoy at Shanghai two days later, the salvage ship assisted port activity there by searching for a lost anchor, and aiding Wailer (DD-466) in switching berths. On 10 October, Seize departed Shanghai in company with PC-491 for Pusan, Korea. After sinking two horned mines by gunfire en route, the ship reached Pusan on the 13th. Two similar mines were sunk while Seize returned to Shanghai on 16 October.

Seize worked along the Yangtze, removing obstacles, salvaging, towing, and searching, for the remainder of the year. On 22 October en route to Kichow, the salvage ship was fired upon by a machinegun near a small Yangtze village. She returned fire with 40 millimeter and .50 caliber rounds, and proceeded on her way one-half hour later when all had quieted down. One direct hit was received on her foremast and several ricocheted hits were found on the port side, but there was no other damage to the ship or crew.

On 26 and 28 January 1946, Seize replanted the mooring buoy at the Naval Seaplane Area at Lunghwa. On 11 18, and 20 February and on 4, 7, 21, and 29 March Seize laid an underwater telephone cable from San Clemente (AG-79) to the Naval Operating Base, Shanghai.

Seize departed Chinese waters on 31 March, anchoring at Yokosuka, Japan, on 4 April. The salvage ship picked up APL-51 in tow on the 8th, and set course for the Hawaiian Islands, arriving at Pearl Harbor on the 26th.

Seize arrived at San Francisco on 4 June. Decommissioned and transferred to the Coast Guard on 28 June 1946, she was struck from the Navy list on 13 November 1946.

After the Coast Guard took over the United States Lighthouse Service in 1939, the plans for the USLS Juniper class of 177   ft (54   m) seagoing buoy tenders were modified to 180   ft (55   m) . These were built in three classes. The Cactus (A) class had 12 vessels, the Mesquite (B) class had six, and the Iris (C) class had 20. Twenty were built at one of two shipyards in Duluth, Minnesota. [2]

Citrus was laid down 29 April 1942 at the Marine Iron & Shipbuilding Corporation in Duluth. She was launched on 15 August 1942 and commissioned on 3 April 1943. [1] [2]

World War II

USCGC Citrus was initially assigned to the Ninth District in April 1943. With home port in Detroit, Michigan, the cutter was to be used for general aids to navigation and icebreaking on the Great Lakes.

The cutter was reassigned to Alaska Sector, Northwestern Sea Frontier on 15 September 1943. Construction work on the Western Aleutian LORAN chain began during the latter part of 1943. Beginning in November 1943, men and materials began to arrive at sites 62 (Sitka), 63 (Amchitka), and 64 (Attu). Citrus and two Liberty ships, SS George Flavel and SS McKenzie, transported Coast Guard construction crews to erect Quonset huts for Construction Detachment "A" at Massacre Bay, Attu and at Baxter Cove, Adak. Unloading at Adak was done with 5' x 7' steel pontoon-type barges. They arrived on 24 December 1943. Heavy ground swells made unloading materiel from the cutter to the barge precarious. Despite the possibility of a sudden squall, both barges made the beach about sundown. Temporary floodlights were then rigged and unloading operations continued until 1200 on Christmas Day. As the storm increased in intensity, Citrus was unable to maintain her anchorage and was forced to return to Massacre Bay until the storm subsided on 2 January 1944. [1] [4]

Early in February 1944, a five-day storm swept the Massacre Bay area with winds up to 125   mph (201   km/h) . At Attu, Citrus took nine men off a swamped Army tug without loss of life and then sank the foundering tug with gunfire. Citrus also assisted in getting a Liberty ship off the beach after it had been driven ashore by a severe storm. Citrus arrived at Ketchikan on 7 February 1944. [1]

On 20 February, Citrus was dispatched to assist Mary D which was hard aground on Point St. Alban's Reef. With the assistance of USCGC Hemlock and LT-151. Mary D was re-floated. After jettisoning some cargo, she could continue on to Ketchikan. On 27 February 1944, Citrus was dispatched to the assistance of Army tug USAT ST-169 in distress in Chatham Strait after losing its crib tow.

On 17 October 1944 Citrus departed Petersburg to render assistance to ATS Brunswick aground in Wrangell Narrows. Citrus pulled her afloat and the latter continued on under its own power. Citrus spent the remainder of the war conducting aids to navigation, logistics, and vessel escort duties in Southwestern Alaskan waters. [1]


From the end of the war until 29 June 1964, Citrus continued to be stationed at Ketchikan and conducted aids to navigation duties. On 9 September 1948, Citrus assisted MV Caledonia in Idaho Inlet. From 29󈞋 October 1948, the tender assisted USNS   Mission Santa Cruz. [1]

From 13󈝿 February 1950, Citrus searched for a missing USAF plane near the Wrangell Narrows. During 25󈞇 August 1950, the cutter provided assistance to the barge Bisco 3 near Ratz Harbor and a fishing vessel Vermay near Cape Muzon, and towed the power scow Chichagof near Cape Chacon. [1]

On 19 May 1951, Citrus escorted USCGC White Holly to Ketchikan after the latter struck a rock. On 25 May 1951, Citrus assisted fishing vessel Dolores near Point Gardner and from 21 to 27 July 1951 Citrus searched for a missing Canadian Douglas DC-4 aircraft. [1]

During 15󈝿 January 1952, Citrus escorted USCGC Cahoone to Sitka. On 8 June 1952, the cutter towed the fishing vessel Pioneer to Ketchikan and assisted the fishing vessel Hobo near Lincoln Island on 13 August 1952. Ten days later, on 23 August 1952 Citrus assisted the fishing vessel Cinuk in the Behm Canal. [1]

On 24 August 1953, it helped the tug Saturn recover its lost tow at 56° 25' N, 14° 28' W. Citrus then spent 25󈞊 August 1953 searching for, finding, and towing a scow to Ketchikan. On 13 October 1953, Citrus assisted the grounded APL-55 near the Dangerous River. [1]

From 30 June 1964 to 1979 Citrus was stationed at Kodiak, Alaska, and operated frpom there in support of aids to navigation. On 12 February 1965, she located two Soviet fishing vessels 3.4   mi (5.5   km) from U.S. territory. After she notified them they had entered U.S. territorial waters, they departed. [1]

On 8 March 1965, the Citrus ' s crew fought a fire on MV Kalaikh off Alaska and towed her to Kodiak. On 3 May 1965, Citrus transported a seaman from the Soviet fishing vessel Churkzn to Kodiak Island. [1]

On 6 February 1967, the fishing vessel Astronaut was wrecked on the coast of Akutan Island in the Aleutian Islands. Her four crewmen reached shore and survived. Two skiffs – one each from the vessels Honey B and Menshikov – were wrecked trying to reach them all four crewmen aboard the skiffs survived and joined Astronaut ' s four crewmen on the beach. The fishing vessel American Star rescued four of them, and aircraft dropped tents and sleeping bags to the other four. Eventually, Citrus arrived on the scene and rescued them. [5]

From 24 to 26 January 1968, the crew of Citrus fought a fire on the Japanese motor vessel Seifu Maru in Dutch Harbor, Alaska. On 9 August 1968, she assisted the distressed motor vessel Dantzler after Dantzler ran aground, and she escorted Dantzler from near Cook Inlet to Homer, Alaska. [1]

USCGC Citrus after conversion to a medium-endurance cutter

On 1 April 1969, Citrus flew a patient from the fishing vessel Zulyo Maru off Alaska. On 8 May 1970, she towed the disabled fishing vessel Shirley Rose to Kodiak. On 20 October 1970, Citrus ' s crew rescued 31 [people from the grounded ferry Tustumena near Kodiak. [1]

On 19 January 1974 Citrus searched for missing crew members from the fishing trawler John and Olaf in the Gulf of Alaska.

On 27 February 1979, Citrus struck a submerged object in the Ouzinkie Narrows between Kodiak Island and Spruce Island. Although there were no casualties, the ship sustained significant damage. In March 1979 Citrus was converted into a medium-endurance cutter. [1]

Medium-endurance cutter duty

Upon her conversion to a medium endurance cutter, Citrus ' home port was Coos Bay, Oregon. The cutter's mission was primarily law enforcement and search and rescue. Her primary law enforcement activities involved the boarding of domestic and foreign fishing vessels. [1]

After attempting to send a boarding party for a drug search on 1 January 1985, Citrus was rammed by the Panamanian MV Pacific Star 680   mi (1,094   km) southwest of San Diego. Pacific Star was scuttled by its crew. Seven crewmen were rescued and 1,000   lb (454   kg) of marijuana was seized. [1] [6] [7]

Diver (ARS-5) Class: Photographs

Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

Near the Mare Island Navy Yard on 7 November 1943.
The twin kingpost aft with two booms was part of the original design of this class and was fitted to the first five units to be completed (four ordered by the British, including Gear , and Diver ).

Photo No. Unknown
Source: U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command

At Cherbourg, France, circa August 1944 alongside a ship sunk by the Germans there.
Note her twin kingpost with two booms aft.

Photo No. 80-G-256076
Source: U.S. National Archives, RG-80-G

In the Napa River, California, on 11 November 1943 about a week before commissioning.
This ship, the second of this type ordered for the U.S. Navy, was completed with a modified rig aft consisting of a single kingpost with two longer booms. One of the booms was soon deleted, and this became the standard rig for the remainder of the class.

Photo No. 19-N-57116
Source: U.S. National Archives, RG-19-LCM

In the Napa River, California, on 11 November 1943 about a week before commissioning.

Photo No. 19-N-57115
Source: U.S. National Archives, RG-19-LCM

On trials in the Napa River, California, on 16 May 1944 just after her commissioning.

Photo No. Unknown
Source: Shipscribe

Underway circa the late 1940s.
Her original twin kingpost aft has been replaced with the single kingpost fitted to Escape and the later ships of the class. Clamp (ARS-33) and Diver (ARS-5) were similarly modified, probably in 1946-47.

Photo No. Unknown
Source: U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command

Underway off Oahu, Hawaii, circa the early 1960s.
The ship still has her original tubs behind the bridge with their two 40mm twin gun mounts.

Photo No. KN-4910
Source: Shipscribe

Underway off Oahu, Hawaii, on 13 April 1963.
Her original two 40mm twin gun mounts and their large gun tubs have been replaced with a single 40mm gun on the center line on the signal bridge.

Photo No. KN-5507
Source: Shipscribe

Underway off Oahu, Hawaii, on 21 March 1967.
The new single 40mm gun on the signal bridge is clearly visible in this view.

Photo No. USN 1122603
Source: U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command

Formerly USS Seize (ARS-26). The Coast Guard rated this vessel as an oceangoing tug.

Photo No. Unknown
Source: U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command (MSC)

Formerly USS Chain (ARS-20), she is shown here circa the early 1960s soon after conversion to a survey ship operated by MSTS for the Woods Hole Laboratory in Massachusetts. She was reclassified T-AGOR-17 in April 1967 to match her new function.

Photo No. Unknown
Source: U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command (MSC)

Formerly USS Snatch (ARS-27), she is shown here on 2 August 1960 after conversion to a research vessel for operation by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in California. After April 1967 she was listed in Navy records as T-AGOR-18 to match her new function.

Seize ARS-26 - History

Ketchikan Waterfront
Front Page Photo by Carl Thompson

National: Bush Warns Failure in Iraq Would Be "Grievious and Far Reaching" By STEPHEN KAUFMAN - There is still time for the United States to help to shape the outcome of the conflict in Iraq, President Bush said, adding that allowing extremists to seize control of the country would be tantamount to ignoring the lessons of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks upon New York and Washington.

Speaking in his annual State of the Union Address to the U.S. Congress in Washington on January 23, Bush said "the consequences of failure [in Iraq] would be grievous and far reaching." - More.
Tuesday PM - January 23, 2007

National: Democrats give stinging response to Bush address By MARGARET TALEV - In a stinging Democratic Party response to President Bush's State of the Union address, freshman Sen. James Webb of Virginia said Bush "took us into this war recklessly" and "we are now as a nation held hostage to the predictable and predicted disarray that has followed."

Webb, whose Marine son is serving in Iraq, said Bush has lost the support of the majority of the country and the military. - More.
Tuesday PM - January 23, 2007

Coast Guard Cutter Acushnet To Be
Crowned Next "Queen of the Fleet"
Front Page Photo by Carl Thompson

Ketchikan: Coast Guard Cutter Acushnet To Be Crowned Next "Queen of the Fleet" - With the de-commissioning of the Coast Guard cutter Storis on Feb. 8, 2007, the Ketchikan-based Coast Guard cutter Acushnet will be crowned the next Coast Guard "Queen of the Fleet".

The title "Queen of the Fleet" is a distinction given to the oldest commissioned cutter in the fleet. The Acushnet will celebrate its 63rd birthday Feb. 5, 2007.

Acushnet was originally commissioned as a Diver Class Fleet Rescue and Salvage Vessel, USS SHACKLE (ARS 9) for the U.S. Navy Feb. 5, 1944. On August 23, 1946, Acushnet was commissioned as an Auxiliary Tug (WAT) in the US Coast Guard. That same year, two other U.S. Navy Diver Class vessels: the Escape (ex-ARS 6) and Yocona (ex-SEIZE ARS 26) also joined the Coast Guard fleet as Auxiliary Tugs (WAT).

Unlike any other ship in the Coast Guard, Acushnet has served in the Navy and Coast Guard as a Fleet Rescue and Salvage Vessel (ARS), an Auxiliary Tug (WAT), an oceanographic vessel (WAGO), and a medium endurance cutter (WMEC). It is the second Coast Guard cutter to bear the name Acushnet and will be the oldest medium endurance cutter still in operation after the Storis.

While both sister ships, Yocona and Escape, have been decommissioned, Acushnet continues to serve as a medium endurance cutter in the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

Top Stories
U.S. News
U.S. Politics

Ketchikan: Rep. Johansen appointed to four Finance subcommittees - Representative Kyle Johansen (R-Ketchikan) has been appointed to the Administration, Community & Economic Development, Environmental Conservation, Transportation and Public Facilities House Finance Subcommittees.

"These Subcommittees do the real heavy lifting during the Operating Budget process. We meet every day and comb through the detail budget books of these State Agencies. It is a very intense process for us and for the Departments," said Johansen. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

Ketchikan: IFA to Serve Metlakatla - The Inter-Island Ferry Authority's M/V Stikine will be providing daily Ketchikan- Metlakatla- Ketchikan service from February 20 through March 1, announced IFA general manager Tom Briggs. Alternate service to the Annette Island community will be provided during the period when the M/V Lituya will be out of service for a scheduled overhaul, said Briggs.

The Stikine will depart Ketchikan at 11:30am, arriving Metlakatla at 1:00pm, departing Metlakatla at 1:30pm and returning to Ketchikan at 3:00pm (times are stated in Alaska Standard Time Metlakatla observes Pacific Time). Metlakatla-Ketchikan fares on the Stikine will be the same as those in effect on the Lituya . The IFA will collect fares aboard the vessel. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

Alaska: Alaska Permanent Fund returns 5.6% for second quarter - The Alaska Permanent Fund returned 5.6% for the second quarter of the fiscal year, according to unaudited figures released Monday. This brings the return for the fiscal year-to-date to 9.6%. The Fund grew by $2.1 billion in the quarter, ending December 31 with an unaudited value of $36.4 billion.

The stock rally that started mid-year continued through the second fiscal quarter, and the Fund's stock portfolios contributed the most to the total return. Non-domestic stocks were the strongest asset class in the Fund, returning 11.4%, and domestic stocks returned 6.9%. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

Alaska: Minimum Wage Debate Starts In Juneau - Today six Alaska House Democrats launched their effort to increase Alaska's minimum wage, which has stagnated since 2002. Alaska once had the nation's highest minimum wage, reflecting the state's high cost of living.

"Fuel costs have gone up. Food and medical costs have gone up. The level of pay for people who work and still struggle to make ends meet should go up too," said Rep. Les Gara (D-Anchorage). - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

National: Bush To Call for 20 Percent Reduction in Gas Consumption by 2017 By STEPHEN KAUFMAN - In his annual State of the Union Address to the U.S. Congress, President Bush plans to propose lowering the U.S. consumption of gasoline by 20 percent within 10 years by replacing current fuel sources with alternatives, such as corn ethanol, and increasing the efficiency of cars, light trucks and sport utility vehicles (SUVs).

The president will speak at the U.S. Capitol at 9 p.m. EST on January 23.

In his comments on energy, Bush is expected to discuss technological developments that are designed to decrease U.S. dependence on foreign oil and decrease carbon dioxide emissions that contribute to global climate change, according to the White House. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

International: Iran Nuclear Program Actions Could Spur Further Isolation By STEPHEN KAUFMAN - The news that Iran has barred 38 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors is "another example" of the Iranian government's attempts to "dictate the terms" to the international community, and the Iranian government risks becoming even more isolated because of it, according to a State Department official.

State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said January 22 that even if the IAEA is able to work around Iran's decision, "it's another indication that Iran continues in its defiant attitude toward the international community. They just don't get it." - More...
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

International: Afghan Security Forces Make Impressive Gains By JACQUELYN S. PORTH - Defense Secretary Robert Gates, reviewing the training of the Afghan national army, recently said not only is he very impressed, but the army's progress exceeds U.S. expectations.

Gates and Marine General Peter Pace, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, were in Kabul for a three-day visit in mid-January on the secretary's first trip to Afghanistan. Although gains have been made, he said during a January 17 press conference in Washington that Afghan and U.S. officials still are hoping to accelerate the process in training and equipping the army. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

International: Baghdad Security Tops U.S. Agenda, General Petraeus Tells Senators By JIM FISHER-THOMPSON - President Bush's new strategic direction in Iraq -- involving the deployment of additional U.S. Army and Marine brigades aimed, in part, at securing Baghdad -- is now the best plan for stopping that troubled nation's slide into sectarian chaos, Lieutenant General David Petraeus told senators January 23.

The general testified before the Senate Armed Services Committee on his nomination by the president to command U.S. and coalition forces in Iraq. If confirmed by the full Senate, Petraeus will replace General George Casey as commander of Multi-National Forces - Iraq. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

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Dave Kiffer: Totems - In the last few years, we've all watched our Downtown turn into something different than we all remember. Part of that is just the one constant in all our lives: Change.

Nothing ever stays the same, no matter how comforting that sameness is. I have watched many familiar businesses close or move out of downtown and it saddens me, but unfortunately it is as inevitable as the weather.

Recently, I have also been to far too many funerals for my liking. Six people I have known have died since October. This is a change I could do also do without. Each loss leaves an empty space and Ketchikan is the poorer for it.

When I was in Ireland years ago, I was impressed by a poem by one of the great Irish writers John Montague in which he compared the "old people" around his youth to "dolmens" or Irish standing stones. The old people were immutable, always there. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

Martin Schram: Fanning the flames of misinformation - It is a problem long recognized but rarely admitted: We in the news media too often end up fanning the flames when we cover the fires.

But our craft's dilemma becomes far worse when the fires we cover were set by arsonists in our midst.

And that is what happened this week. Just days after the consensus presidential frontrunners got off to their way-too-early start of campaign 2008, a small but ever-ready segment of the news media sparked the first brushfire so quickly that even the traditional political dirty tricksters got caught with their matches down.

A little-known conservative publication, Insight Magazine, which is owned by a company controlled by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon, which also owns The Washington Times, put on its Web site an item that it presented as truth, even though it was an unverified, and ultimately untrue, non-fact. Insight Magazine reported that Democratic Sen. Barack Obama, during in his childhood in Indonesia, had been educated at a madrassa, one of those highly religious schools at which fundamentalist Islamic teachings stress militancy and hatred - schools that have produced many Islamic extremists. - More.
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

Jay Ambrose: Getting serious about Social Security - Now that House Democrats have given us 100 hours of razzmatazz - the speedy, unreflective passage of six bills that the Senate will mercifully either kill or amend - maybe they will do something responsible, something desperately needed, something crucial for the country. Maybe they will address the restructuring of Social Security.

More than likely, they won't.

It's easy enough to slap energy and drug companies around because, well, who likes them, anyway, and how many voters get it that the consequence of enacting this vindictive legislation in the years ahead would be boosted oil prices and fewer life-saving drugs? The other initiatives were likewise the stuff voter-approval dreams are made of. But reworking Social Security in substantive fashion is not. - More...
Tuesday - January 23, 2007

Dale McFeatters: The year's official nadir - This past Monday is the most depressing, miserable day of the year, according to a British psychologist, thanks to a dismal convergence of unpaid holiday bills, lapsed New Year's resolutions, the now dissipated glow of Christmas and bad weather-induced lethargy.

And maybe there's something to that 24-hour perfect storm of moodiness. We have days for everything else, why not designate the fourth Monday in January as Blue Monday, a day to be dedicated to moping and self-pity, comforted only by the thought that - if Dr. Cliff Arnall of Cardiff University is right - things have gotten as bad they're going to get for the year and will begin taking a turn for the better on Tuesday.

The drawback to that melancholy observance is that the large army of shrinks, diet gurus, fitness nuts and TV morning show guests - among them Dr. Arnall himself - dedicated to bucking people up will ruin Blue Monday for the rest of us. He says we can snap ourselves out of our funk by resolving to change our behavior "such as giving up smoking, eating better, exercising more and getting that new job." Oh thanks, doctor. We would have never thought of any of that on our own. - More.
Tuesday- January 23, 2007

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Ketchikan, Alaska

Seize ARS-26 - History

We are thankful to report that the members of ARS have gotten through the COVID situation as yet uninfected and now, we have all been fully-vaccinated. We&rsquore sorry for not being able to get out seeing y&rsquoall sooner. The band is extremely eager to get back to performing regularly and once again spending time with all of our friends out on the road. Thanks for being patient. It&rsquos been very difficult for us. ARS played more concerts in the years leading up to the pandemic than we have since the 80&rsquos. Suddenly not being able to perform came as quite a shock to us.

Our thoughts continue to go out to all of you, as everyone has been affected by the pandemic in some way. We hope that our ARS family of friends and fans are now emerging healthy and ready to rock. Most of our shows have fortunately been rescheduled. Please hang on to your tickets and if you&rsquove been thinking about getting a ticket to a show, please, go get one. Any show! Music venues and those who rely upon them for their livelihoods have suffered significantly. We really (REALLY, REALLY!) appreciate the support. Everybody could use more things to look forward to.

It&rsquos time to get back out there. Get back on the road. Face the spot lights and make some glorious noise! Thank goodness!

Thanks so much to everyone that joined us at the Anderson Music Hall. We are relieved to report that Rodney suffered from nothing more serious than a bout of severe dehydration the night of our show. He was thoroughly checked out by some of our country&rsquos true-hero, medical-folks who pumped him full of fluids and sent him on his way. We can&rsquot thank enough Miss Hilda and the Anderson staff for hanging in there with us. Our deepest appreciation goes out to the amazing audience that carried us through an unsettling situation and totally ROCKED IT!

We always have a great time playing in Hiawassee, GA. Over the years, ARS has had several memorable concerts at the 2,900-seat Anderson Music Hall, located on the scenic shores of Lake Chatuge. Performing in front of a great crowd, at a great venue, with all your friends, it never gets old and it just doesn&rsquot get any better. We&rsquove been fortunate to have shared the Anderson&rsquos stage with Pure Prairie League, Marshall Tucker Band and Molly Hatchet. This time around we hung out with another great band, Orleans. They sounded fantastic and we look forward to seeing them again soon. Actually, we have several shows scheduled with them this year.

Don&rsquot forget the Georgia Mountain Fair, August 13-21st, and check out the great shows and events coming to Towns County Georgia at Georgia Mountain Fairgrounds and Anderson Music Hall. You&rsquod be hard pressed to find a more beautiful place to visit and the wonderful people up there will make you look forward to going back.

The Ashejam has the makings of an incredible music event in a incredible place and really, for a truly incredible price. In picturesque Fletcher, NC, at the Western North Carolina Agriculture Center, on the outskirts of Asheville, join us at the Southern Atlantic Hemp and Arts Expo for a weekend full of celebration, art, food, music and some totally great vibes.

Three days of fantastic bands. Three days of hanging in the scenic North Carolina Mountains with some beautiful people. RV sites are available at the fairgrounds for the weekend. We&rsquoll be playing on Sunday with an incredible lineup. Definitely a 70&rsquos vibe going on Sunday, we will share the stage with: Firefall, Pure Prairie League, Poco, Orleans and the Babys . Junction 280 from Henderson, NC brings a real taste of the local bluegrass flavor to start the day. Wow! Friday&rsquos and Saturday&rsquos lineups include a variety of talented acts that fit right into the cool vibes of the event.

Be sure to get there early on Saturday for the Jeff Sipe Trio. Meet you at the drum circle!

Our hearts are heavy and our condolences go out to the family, friends and fans of Rusty Young and B.J. Thomas. We've been extremely fortunate to have run around some with both Rusty and B.J.. The only thing larger than these two's talents was their graciousness. Both of them were fine gentlemen who had the uncanny ability to make those around them feel special. Until we meet again.

Seasoned, southern author, Willie G. Moseley, has written an in-depth book about The Atlanta Rhythm Section. Years of research and extensive interviews are infused into the first and only authorized history of the band. A native and current resident of Alabama, Mr. Moseley effortlessly weaves the story of a band whose roots are so close to his own.

Atlanta Rhythm Section&rsquos background is a history lesson of the music scene in the South during the 60&rsquos. Mr. Moseley details how Buddy Buie assembled a core group of incredibly talented southern musicians and developed the creative environment that enabled the ensemble to flourish and truly craft some amazing work. Buddy made real his dream of forming a super group to use as a vehicle for his songwriting skills, musical vision and business acumen. Mr. Buie&rsquos efforts played out like an expertly conducted symphony and crescendo when Atlanta Rhythm Section&rsquos mainstream success peaked in the late 70&rsquos.

What goes up. well, you can read the rest of that story too. Mr. Moseley&rsquos book delves into the struggles that follow the band&rsquos Top 40 success. He trails the band&rsquos twists and turns throughout the new millennium up to the present day. Published by Schiffer Publishing and available through many online retailers, &ldquoThe Atlanta Rhythm Section : The Authorized History&rdquo is Mr. Moseley&rsquos thirteenth book. A senior writer of Vintage Guitar Magazine, he is News Editor emeritus for The Tallassee Tribune.

Often described as a more radio-friendly version of Lynyrd Skynyrd or the Allman Brothers, the Atlanta Rhythm Section was one of many Southern Rock bands to hit the upper reaches of the charts during the late `70s. Hailing from the small town of Doraville, Georgia, the beginning of the Atlanta Rhythm Section can be traced back to 1970. It was then that a local recording studio was opened, Studio One, and the remnants of two groups (the Candymen and the Classics Four), became the studio's house band. One of the facility's head figures, Buddy Buie, soon began assembling the session band. After playing on several artists' recordings, it was decided to take the band a step further and make the group of players a real band, leading to the formation of the Atlanta Rhythm Section. This collection contains 10 tracks previously unavailable on compact disc.

Liner Note Author: Bill Dahl.

Recording information: Atlanta, GA (1977) Chandler, NC (1977) Cleveland, OH (1977) London, England (1977) NYC, NY (1977) Pittsburgh, PA (1977) Tokyo, Japan (1977) Atlanta, GA (1978) Chandler, NC (1978) Cleveland, OH (1978) London, England (1978) NYC, NY (1978) Pittsburgh, PA (1978) Tokyo, Japan (1978) Atlanta, GA (1981) Chandler, NC (1981) Cleveland, OH (1981) London, England (1981) NYC, NY (1981) Pittsburgh, PA (1981) Tokyo, Japan (1981).


Here at LSOZI, we are going to take off every Wednesday for a look at the old steam/diesel navies of the 1859-1946 time period and will profile a different ship each week. These ships have a life, a tale all of their own, which sometimes takes them to the strangest places. – Christopher Eger

Warship Wednesday January 4, 2017: There is no longer an Escape

Here we see a rack of 68-pound MK. V Diving Helmets stored on board the Diver-class salvage and rescue ship USS Escape (ARS-6), during the 1960s. From the NHC caption: “The helmets constantly have a light burning inside to keep out moisture and corrosion when stored in this manner. Sailors on board the ship say it makes a spooky sight, much like a rack of Halloween Jack-O-Lantern.”

Escape had a long and interesting life that saw her role repeatedly redefined.

The Navy was already experienced in marine salvage prior to World War II. Several major operations involved the recovery of three submarines between the wars: USS S-51 in 1925 USS S-4 in 1927 and USS Squalus in 1939.

However, the Navy did not have ships specifically designed and built for salvage work when it entered WWII, and it was not until the start of the war that salvage ships become a distinct vessel type.

The earliest designated United States Navy salvage ships (ARS) were converted WWI-era Lapwing-class minesweepers (USS Viking ARS-1, USS Crusader ARS-2, USS Discoverer ARS-3, and USS Redwing ARS-4) but they were far from adequate when it came to heavy deep sea lifting.

Then came the purpose-built Diver-class.

Built at Basalt Rock Co., Napa, Calif. — a gravel company who was in the barge building biz– 17 of the new 213-foot vessels were constructed during WWII.

Fitted with a 20-ton capacity boom forward and 10-ton capacity booms aft, they had automatic towing machines, two fixed fire pumps rated at 1,000 gallons per minute, four portable fire pumps, and eight sets of “beach gear,” pre-rigged anchors, chains and cables for use in refloating grounded vessels. And of course, they were excellently equipped to support divers in the water with one double re-compression chamber and two complete diving stations aft for air diving and two 35-foot workboats. The Mark V helmet shown above? It was put into production in 1942 with these ships in mind.

Class leader USS Diver (ARS-5) commissioned 23 October 1943 and the hero of our tale, Escape, followed shortly after.

Escape (ARS-6) in the Napa River, CA. 11 November 1943, about a week before commissioning. This ship, the second of this type ordered for the US Navy, was completed with a modified rig aft consisting of a single kingpost with two longer booms. One of the booms was soon deleted, and this became the standard rig for the remainder of the class. US National Archives, RG-19-LCM, photo #’s 19-N-57115, US Navy Bureau of Ships photos now in the collections of the US National Archives, courtesy via Navsource.

Assigned to Norfolk and then Bermuda in late 1943, Escape was based for general salvage and towing duties and during the conflict rescued at least four ships at sea including the steamer SS George Ade which was hit by a Gnat from U-518 about 125 miles off the coast of North Carolina. Despite a hurricane that brought 100-knot winds and 50-foot seas, Escape brought Ade into port and the merchantman was eventually returned to service.

Escape 1945, looking a good bit more broken in than in her 1943 photo.

As the war ended, Escape was tasked with getting the Italian submarine Goffredo Mameli back to the spaghetti boat’s home. When she was commissioned in 1929, Mameli was the deepest diving sub in the world and she also became one of the luckiest as the Italians lost something like 8 out of 10 submarines they had in the war. Mameli had spent the last few months of the conflict in the U.S. as a training ship.

Italian Submarine Goffredo Mameli August 27, 1944 off the east coast of the U.S. (Maine). Following the Armistice, Mameli and two of her sisters were sent to the US to serve as training targets for allied forces and were based in Florida, near the SONAR school in Key West. Photographed by a blimp from ZP-11

On 8 November 1945, Escape sailed from Key West escorting, and later towing, Mameli to Taranto, Italy and returned to Norfolk 22 January 1946 onyto be laid up six months later.

Reactivated in 1951, she was soon busy salvaging the wreck of the gunboat USS Erie (PG-50), a past Warship Weds alumni, from the inner harbor of Willemstad, Curacao.

Here is a USN training film on the classic dive dress used during most of Escape‘s Navy service.

In 1958, Escape recovered a full-scale Jupiter IRBM (Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile) nose cone of a returning Jupiter-C rocket from the waters near Antigua and in 1960 was a support ship for Operation Sky Hook, a high-altitude balloon reconnaissance research program, which prepped her for helping in the NASA recovery operations with Project Mercury January 30, 1960, and November and December 1960 Apollo-Saturn 12 (AS-12), November 14-24, 1969 Skylab-2 (SL-2), May 25-June 22, 1973 and Skylab-3 (SL-3), July 28-September 25, 1973.

Oh yeah, and she participated in the 1961 Cuban Missile Crisis blockade.

In short, she was a really busy salvage ship.

In the aftermath of the Yom Kippur War, Escape spent the last six months of 1974 clearing wrecks blocking the Suez Canal as part of Operation Nimrod Spar (316-page SUPSALV report on that here another 115-page one here)

USS Escape on Lake Timash, Egypt, 1974

USS ESCAPE (ARS-6) Entering a Mediterranean Sea Port, during the 1970s. Catalog #: NH 88518 click to big up

USS Escape (ARS-6) moored pierside at Cartagena, Spain, circa 1976-77. Mario Gomes via Navsource

With the Navy having several newer classes of salvage ships (the Anchor, Weight, Bolster and Safeguard-class vessels) Escape and her sisters were effectively replaced in by the 1970s.

Escape was decommissioned, 1 September 1978 and laid up with the James River Reserve Fleet near Norfolk. In her 35 years of service with the Navy, 22 skippers had helmed her.

Then came the Cuban boatlift crisis and the Coast Guard was woefully short of ships. In January 1981, Escape was transferred from reserve fleet to the U.S. Coast Guard.

In the rush to convert the grey-hulled salvage ship to a white-hulled lawman, her sponsons were taken off, she was converted from DC to AC, her diving support system and decompression chamber were removed, and much of her salving storage converted. Her armament was landed and she would roll with small arms only.

She was commissioned at 10 a.m. on 14 March 1981 at Portsmouth, Va. and at the time was the largest cutter in the USCG’s Seventh District (outclassing the “puny” 210-foot Reliance class WMECs by three feet oal).

Although the helmets were long gone, she kept her name, hull number and WWII era ship’s insignia.

1945, 1958 and 1981 respectively

Humanitarian service remained a hallmark of her career, rescuing some 586 Haitians from the sea in a single month in 1989, besting this in a three-week period in 1994 with 1193 Haitians from 39 waterlogged “vessels” (at one time having 397 souls clustered on her deck).

USCGC Escape (WMEC-6) on patrol in the Caribbean Sea picking up refugees, circa 1994. Photo courtesy of the National Association of Fleet Tug Sailors, contributed by Scott Vollmer via Navsource

Her service to the Coast Guard, besides the Cuban boatlift, was the stuff of legend and she popped a number of large narco boats including the M/V Portside with 10-tons of grass just six months after she was commissioned, M/V Juan XIII with 13-tons in 1982, the Colombian M/V Mr. Ted with 18 tons of marijuana just 100 miles off the coast of South Carolina in 1988, 515 keys of coke on the U.S. flagged yacht Ojala in 1992 (along with the hydrofoil USS Gemini) and enforcing Operation Support Democracy, the UN embargo on Haiti.

Things sometimes got dicey. In December 1982, the M/V My Lord tried to ram the old girl but the cutter managed to get a boarding team on board to arrest eight and seize five tons of narcotics.

Other conversions from her original salvage role came and her forward cargo boom and salvage wench were removed, a new gyro and weight room added, new reefers added, the ship’s office converted to CPO mess, ship’s store converted to berthing, towing wench landed and two Zodiac Hurricane boats loaded.

She earned the nickname “Workhorse of the Atlantic” picking up a Coast Guard Unit Commendation, three Meritorious Unit Commendations, four Humanitarian Service Medals, two Operational Readiness Awards and five Special Operations Award– the latter all for Operation Able Manner.

When she decommissioned 29 June 1995 at Charleston, Escape was the oldest medium endurance cutter in the Coast Guard’s Atlantic Area and seven USCG captains had skippered her.

With all of the modifications, and her extended age, Escape was not in a condition suitable for recall and re-use by the Navy as a salvage vessel and was laid up at the National Defense Reserve Fleet, James River Group, Lee Hall, VA.

There she remained until the Maritime Administration paid $115,200 to Bay Bridge Enterprises LLC of Chesapeake, VA to scrap the old girl in 2009.

As for her 16 sisters, they all left U.S. Navy service fairly rapidly in the 1970s and disposed of with only the USS Preserver (ARS-8) lasting somehow until 1994. Two went to South Korea one, ex- USS Grapple (ARS-7) is still active as ROCS Da Hu (ARS-552) in Taiwan and one, ex-USS Safeguard (ARS-25), went to Turkey. The latter is supposedly still active as TCG Isin (A-589) though her replacement is nearing.

Two of Escape‘s sisters, USS Seize (ARS-26) and USS Shackle (ARS-9) also went to the Coast Guard as USCGC Yocona (WMEC-168) and USCGC Acushnet (WMEC-167) respectively. Seize/Yocona was sunk as a target in 2006 and Shackle/Acushnet, decommissioned in 2011 as the last Diver-class vessel in U.S. service, is currently for sale in Anacortes, Wash and efforts are afoot to save her.

One of the last remnants of her in circulation are postal cancellations honoring her as part of the NASA recovery fleet.

And, of course, MK V helmets.

Naval Undersea Warfare Center Keyport dock. US Navy Diver Breslin looks pretty happy in his MK V rig 1950

Displacement: 1,441 tons (1943)
1,756 tons (1964)
Length: 213′ 6″
Beam: 39′
Draft: 13′ 11″ (1964)
Propulsion: Four Combustion Engineering GSB-8 Diesel engines
double Fairbanks-Morse Main Reduction Gears
twin propellers, 3,000shp
Ship’s Service Generators
two Diesel-drive 200Kw 120V D.C.
one Diesel-drive 60Kw 120V D.C.
Fuel Capacity: 95,960 gallons
Maximum Speed: 14.8 knots on trials.
Range: 9,000 miles @ 15 knots
Cruising Speed: 10.3 knots (13,700 mile range)
Complement: 7+113 (USN�)
76 (USN�)
USGC: Final crew was 8 officers, 3 CPOs, 35 enlisted. (Authorised in 1981 with 7 officers, 65 enlisted)
Radar: OS-8E (1964)
Designed: one single 3″/50 cal dual purpose gun mount
two twin 40mm AA gun mounts
four .50 cal machine guns
(1964) 2 x 20mm/80
(1981) Small arms

If you liked this column, please consider joining the International Naval Research Organization (INRO), Publishers of Warship International

They are possibly one of the best sources of naval study, images, and fellowship you can find

The International Naval Research Organization is a non-profit corporation dedicated to the encouragement of the study of naval vessels and their histories, principally in the era of iron and steel warships (about 1860 to date). Its purpose is to provide information and a means of contact for those interested in warships.

Nearing their 50th Anniversary, Warship International, the written tome of the INRO has published hundreds of articles, most of which are unique in their sweep and subject.

Air and Marine Operations P-3 Crews and Partners Seize 24 Tons of Narcotics in 2nd Quarter of Fiscal Year 2021

WASHINGTON — Air and Marine Operations (AMO) National Air Security Operations Center, P-3 Long Range Tracker and Airborne Early Warning crews partnered with federal authorities to disrupt smuggling of 24 tons of narcotics between January 1 and March 31 in narcotics transit zones, denying transnational narcotics traffickers nearly $900 million USD in illicit proceeds.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s Air and Marine
Operations (AMO) operates the P-3 Long Range
Tracker and Airborne Early Warning aircraft
which perform a wide variety of operational
missions, especially those that require long
station time overhead, hemispheric range,
and missions throughout all weather and
environmental conditions.

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2021, AMO P-3 crews worked with federal and international partners to seize 47,345 pounds of cocaine and 1,000 pounds of marijuana. The aircrews flew 1,905 total flight hours and 81 percent of those flight hours occurred in partnership with Joint Interagency Task Force-South.

More information about notable first quarter FY 2021 seizures can be found below:

National Air Security Operations Center P-3 capabilities continue to prove essential to United States Southern Command Operations, contributing to an increased law enforcement presence in narcotics transit zones. This partnership bolsters the effectiveness of U.S. and international law enforcement by sharing information and intelligence to increase interdictions. Key SOUTHCOM partners have been involved in over 60 percent of drug disruptions since April 2020.

AMO has two P-3 National Air Security Operations Centers, located in Jacksonville, FL and Corpus Christi, TX. These P-3 aircraft operate throughout North, Central and South America in defense of the borders of the United States and to prevent attempts to smuggle persons or contraband.

AMO safeguards our Nation by anticipating and confronting security threats through our aviation and maritime law enforcement expertise, innovative capabilities, and partnerships at the border and beyond. With approximately 1,800 federal agents and mission support personnel, 240 aircraft and 300 marine vessels operating throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands, AMO serves as the nation’s experts in airborne and maritime law enforcement.

In FY 2020, AMO enforcement actions resulted in the seizure or disruption of 194,220 pounds of cocaine, 278,492 pounds of marijuana, 15,985 pounds of methamphetamine, 952 weapons and $51.5 million, 1,066 arrests, 47,872 apprehensions of undocumented migrants.

Text of the Enabling Act

The Reichstag has enacted the following law, which is hereby proclaimed with the assent of the Reichsrat, it having been established that the requirements for a constitutional amendment have been fulfilled:

In addition to the procedure prescribed by the constitution, laws of the Reich may also be enacted by the government of the Reich. This includes the laws referred to by Articles 85 Paragraph 2 and Article 87 of the constitution.

Laws enacted by the government of the Reich may deviate from the constitution as long as they do not affect the institutions of the Reichstag and the Reichsrat. The rights of the President remain unaffected.

Laws enacted by the Reich government shall be issued by the Chancellor and announced in the Reich Gazette. They shall take effect on the day following the announcement unless they prescribe a different date. Articles 68 to 77 of the Constitution do not apply to laws enacted by the Reich government.

Treaties of the Reich with foreign states, which relate to matters of Reich legislation, shall for the duration of the validity of these laws not require the consent of the legislative authorities. The Reich government shall enact the legislation necessary to implement these agreements.

This law enters into force on the day of its proclamation. It expires on 1 April 1937 it expires furthermore if the present Reich government is replaced by another.

CBP Officers Seize Disposable Gloves Under Top Glove Forced Labor Finding

KANSAS CITY, Mo— U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers assigned to the Port of Kansas City Missouri seized 4.68 million latex gloves in a shipment that originated in Malaysia and was destined to Kansas City. CBP personnel seized the shipment due to information indicating that the gloves were made by forced labor, a form of modern slavery.

On March 29, CBP directed personnel at all U.S. ports of entry to begin seizing disposable gloves produced in Malaysia by Top Glove Corporation Bhd. (Top Glove). The shipment in Kansas City was seized after an inspection by CBP officers revealed that the gloves were produced in Malaysia by a subsidiary of Top Glove. The estimated value of the shipment was $690,000.

“Considering this seizure took place in the heartland of America, it goes to show that imports produced by forced labor affect everyone nationwide,” said Steven Ellis, Port Director-Kansas City. “CBP will not tolerate forced labor in U.S. supply chains.”

According to the International Labour Organization, 25 million people suffer under conditions of forced labor around the world. Imports made by forced labor hurt vulnerable workers, threaten American jobs and businesses, and subject unsuspecting American consumers to making unethical purchases.

CBP issued a forced labor finding on March 29 based on evidence of multiple forced labor indicators in Top Glove’s production process, including debt bondage, excessive overtime, abusive working and living conditions, and retention of identity documents.

Federal statute 19 U.S.C. 1307 prohibits the importation of merchandise mined, manufactured, or produced, wholly or in part, by convict labor, forced labor, and/or indentured labor, including forced or indentured child labor. CBP will seize shipments subject to findings unless the importer can prove to CBP’s satisfaction that, per 19 C.F.R §12.43, the merchandise was not produced with forced labor.

CBP receives allegations of forced labor from a variety of sources, including from the public. Any person or organization that has reason to believe merchandise produced with the use of forced labor is being – or is likely to be – imported into the United States can report detailed allegations by contacting CBP through the e-Allegations Online Trade Violation Reporting System or by calling 1-800-BE-ALERT.

CBP conducts operations at ports of entry throughout the United States, and regularly screens arriving international passengers and cargo for narcotics, weapons, and other restricted or prohibited products. CBP strives to serve as the premier law enforcement agency enhancing the Nation’s safety, security, and prosperity through collaboration, innovation, and integration.

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